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Restitution Research. 15. Discipline incidents per day referred to front office. 12-15 per day in 1990-91 5-7 per day in 1991-92 2-4 per day in 1992-93 0-2 per day in 1993-94. 10. 5. 90-91 91-92 92-93 93-94. Grady Brown Elementary School Hillsborough, NC.

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Restitution Research

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Restitution research

Restitution Research


Grady brown elementary school hillsborough nc

15

Discipline incidents per day referred to front office.

12-15 per day in 1990-91

5-7 per day in 1991-92

2-4 per day in 1992-93

0-2 per day in 1993-94

10

5

90-91 91-92 92-93 93-94

Grady Brown Elementary SchoolHillsborough, NC


West middle school discipline referrals rockford il

West Middle School Discipline Referrals, Rockford, IL


West middle school discipline referral totals 1994 1998

5000

(4146)

4000

(2454)

3000

(1718)

2000

(1475)

1000

0

1994-95

1995-96

1996-1997

1997-98

West Middle School Discipline Referral Totals – 1994-1998

Drop of discipline referrals 2671 - 64%


Restitution research

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

Percentage

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

0

0

1st quarter

2nd quarter

3rd quarter

4th quarter

Total

Group 1

Group 2

West Middle School, Rockford, IllinoisComparison of Percentage of Two Groups Achieving a GPA of 2.0 or Better


Restitution takes hold project individual student statistics

Restitution Takes Hold ProjectIndividual Student Statistics

A

Name:

Expulsion

Out School

Suspension

In School

Suspension

Detention

In Class

Consequence

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

Project Week

(Frequency)

Legend

Number of Referrals 13

Discipline Referral

Number of Restitutions 2

Restitution Done

Race/Ethnic M/AA

Parent Contacted

Team Number N


Restitution takes hold project individual student statistics1

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

Restitution Takes Hold ProjectIndividual Student Statistics

Name:

G

Expulsion

Out School

Suspension

In School

Suspension

Detention

In Class

Consequence

Project Week

(Frequency)

Legend

28

Number of Referrals

Discipline Referral

2

Number of Restitutions

Bottom Quartile

Y

Restitution Done

Race/Ethnic F/EA

Parent Contacted

1

Team Number


Restitution takes hold project individual student statistics2

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

Restitution Takes Hold ProjectIndividual Student Statistics

M

Name:

Expulsion

Out School

Suspension

In School

Suspension

Detention

In Class

Consequence

Project Week

Legend

(Frequency)

8

Number of Referrals

Discipline Referral

2

Number of Restitutions

Restitution Done

Y

Bottom Quartile

Race/Ethnic M/AA

Parent Contacted

Team Number

1


Restitution takes hold project individual student statistics3

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

Restitution Takes Hold ProjectIndividual Student Statistics

S

Name:

Expulsion

Out School

Suspension

In School

Suspension

Detention

In Class

Consequence

Project Week

Legend

(Frequency)

Number of Referrals

9

Discipline Referral

Number of Restitutions

1

Y

Restitution Done

Race/Ethnic

F/HA

Parent Contacted

1

Team Number


Restitution research

Restitution is a process. Expect on an implementation dip. Sometimes we are going two steps forward and one step backwards as we attempt to get balance between the bottom lines and beliefs.

As you have noticed in the previous overheads the incidents for discipline drop down after the first restitution and rise again. It is as if the kids don’t believe we are serious about solving problems rather than punishing.

After the second restitution when incidents of discipline fail they tend to stay down, especially if the parents have been involved. In the following example you will see a dramatic drop in incidents of discipline followed by a return to a series of out of school suspension. If this pattern continues there is a good chance this boy is on the way to jail. This is a sad situation because we had him engaged at one point.


Restitution research

Restitution Takes Hold Project

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

32

34

36

J

Name:

Expulsion

Out School

Suspension

In School

Suspension

Detention

In Class

Consequence

Project Week

(Frequency)

Where did we lose him?

50

Number of Referrals

2

Number of Restitutions

Bottom Quartile

Y

Race/Ethnic M/AA

1

Team Number


Restitution research

Haskell ElementaryRockford, IL - Vicki Jacobson, Principal

1995-96Only principal and two other staff trained in Restitution

1996-97All teachers from one grade level trained

1997-98Entire school trained in Restitution

1998-99Implementation of Restitution

1999-00Further implementation * - in the process of confirmation

Demographics - 97% Free & Reduced Lunch

- Low socio-economic, high minority population

- Have been on State Watch list for three years


Lincoln center elementary south st paul mn principal paul johnson

LINCOLN CENTER ELEMENTARYSOUTH ST. PAUL, MNPrincipal - Paul Johnson

  • Our first year we started with rules.

  • 1997-98 was a year of training for our staff in Restitution.

  • In 1998 we started doing beliefs with staff and students.

  • The second semester (January 1999) we had firmed up our bottom line and this helped a lot.

  • We began the fall of 1999 year with teaching needs, reviewing beliefs, and clear bottom lines in place.

  • We now have a peaceful school.

  • There is an ongoing need to rebalance the bottom lines with the beliefs.


Restitution research

240

X

1997-98

220

X

X

200

X

X

X

X

X

180

X

X

160

X

X

140

1998-99

X

120

X

X

X

100

80

1999-00

X

X

X

X

60

X

40

X

20

0

Sept

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May/June

1998-99

1997-98

1999-2000

Office Referrals for Behavior 1997-00Lincoln Center Elementary School South St. Paul, MN - All staff trained in Restitution by end of summer 1998

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

2000-01

2000-01


Evergreen teachers use restitution evergreen wa number of teachers surveyed 695

Evergreen Teachers Use RestitutionEvergreen, WA - Number of Teachers Surveyed 695

I use the following strategies of RDM in my classroom. Mark all that apply.

My Job Your Job 652 (93%)

Behavior Car177 (25%)

Classroom Beliefs566 (81%)

Restitution536 (77%)

Basic Needs 47 (78%)

Classroom Agreements475 (68%)

What’s your plan?549 (78%)

None 23 (0.03%)


Restitution research

Implementation By Teachers After Training

695 Surveyed - Evergreen School District, Vancouver, WA

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

Percentage

40

40

What’s Your Plan? – 78%

My Job/Your Job – 93%

Class Beliefs - 81%

Class Beliefs – 81%

Restitution - 77%

Basic Needs – 78%

30

30

Restitution – 77%

What’s Your Plan? - 78%

My Job/Your Job - 93%

Basic Needs - 78%

20

20

10

10

0

0

Strategies Used

My Job

Class Beliefs

Restitution

Basic Needs

What's Your Plan


Restitution schools survey 1996 identity shift

RESTITUTION SCHOOLS SURVEY 1996Identity Shift

  • Do you find the concepts/practice of restitution leading to a success identity for yourself?

    Yes-91% No-9%

  • Do you believe restitution leads students, staff and parents to a success identity?

    Yes -94%No-6%

  • Where would you rate restitution with regard to locus of control on a scale of 1-10 with external locus of control being 1 and internal locus of control being 10?

    Yes-100% (5 and above) No-0% (Under 5) Average - 8.4


Identity shift survey 1996

Identity Shift Survey - 1996


Restitution research

Princess Alexandra Community SchoolSaskatoon, SK

  • Inner city setting

  • Kindergarten to grade 8

  • peak enrollment 260 students

  • High transience

  • High level of poverty

  • 98% of students Aboriginal

  • Staff, principal, parents and elders developed their beliefs

  • students referred to the principal for counseling or bottom line

  • The following graph represent information about the number of students sent to the office for discipline problems

  • The data has been corrected to an enrollment of 241 students.

  • December is often a difficult month for our students. The anticipation created in the media is not their reality. Christmas is a time of disappointment! February was a month of changes - staff away sick, lost of classrooms.

  • Twenty five staff members, parents and our elder attended the 2 day workshop “Restitution 1”. After this workshop our incidents of discipline began to drop every month.

  • In September with 150 new students we had to begin the process again realized the same decrease in discipline problems.


Restitution research

40

30

Restitution Workshop

March 2000

20

10

2000-

2001

2001-

2002

0

Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

1999-

2000

2002-

2003

Princess Alexandra

Community School

September 1999 – June 2003


Restitution research

  • Princess Alexandra Community School Update

  • In 1998, only 7 % of our students in grade 4 performed at the 50 percentile on the Canadian Achievement Test (CAT).

  • In 2000, 40% of our students in grade 4 performed at the 50 percentile on the Canadian Achievement Test (CAT).

  • In 2002, 55% of our grade 4 students are at or above the 50% percentile on the Canadian Achievement Test (CAT).

  • That means that over 50% our students are doing as well or better than the average Canadian grade 4 student.

  • As of the spring 2002, we can say that all our grade 1 students can read, compare to 50% in 2000.

  • We are on target for our goals;

  • To have all grade 1 students read at grade level by 2004.

  • To have all our students k – 4 performing at or above grade level by 2005.

  • To close the gap in our senior students’ performance to less than 2 years behind grade level by 2005. (Now, a 5 years gap is common).


Restitution research

·Grades: K to 6  

·Average 410 to 430 students

Urban school with high poverty - 55%.  


Restitution research

60

49

50

40

Number of Suspensions

33

30

27

20

10

3

0

Year

2001-Apr 02

1998-99

1999-00

2000-01

ÈcoleJ.H. Sissons, Yellowknife, NT

Out of School Suspensions 1998-2002


Restitution research

Reindeer Lake School –

Nursery–Gr. 12 – 375 students

Southend, SK

(8 hours North of Saskatoon, SK)

Totals:

Aug 2001-Mar 2002 = 262 (Year 336)

Aug 2002-Mar 2003 = 89 (decrease of 66%)

Staff Training:

Restitution I – Yves Bousquet – Aug 2002

Restitution II – Ted Amendt - Mar 2003


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