What you need to know before reading
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What you need to know before reading. John Steinbeck. Born in Salinas, California , in 1902 . Most famous novels include Tortilla Flat , Of Mice and Men , East of Eden , and The Grapes of Wrath . Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1939 . Awarded the Nobel Prize for

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What you need to know before reading

What you need to know before reading


John steinbeck

John Steinbeck

  • Born in Salinas, California, in 1902.

  • Most famous novels include Tortilla Flat, Of Mice and Men, East of Eden, and The Grapes of Wrath.

  • Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for

    fiction in 1939.

  • Awarded the Nobel Prize for

    literature in 1962.

  • Died in 1968.


Of mice and men

Of Mice and Men

  • Published in 1937.

  • Set during the Great

    Depression in Salinas,

    California.

  • About two migrant farm workers, George and Lennie, who are chasing the American Dream.

  • Lennie is mentally handicapped.


The great depression

The Great Depression

  • The stock market crashed on October 24, 1929, now called “Black Thursday”.

  • An estimated $30 billion in stock values were lost by mid-November.

  • Millions of people lost their jobs, businesses, and homes.

  • Although Franklin Roosevelt instituted the New Deal in 1933, unemployment was still high.

  • In 1941, America became involved in World War 2, which created many jobs for Americans.


Rights for the mentally ill

Rights for the Mentally Ill

  • In the 1900s, there was much prejudice against the mentally ill.

  • Procedures intended to “fix” mental retardation:

    • Hypnotism

    • Electrotherapy

    • Lobotomy

  • In 1946, the National Mental Health Act was signed and allowed for more research.

  • Deinstitutionalization occurred in the mid-1960s.


Civil rights

Civil Rights

  • 13th amendment ended slavery.

  • 14th amendment granted African Americans citizenship.

  • 15th amendment gave African Americans the right to vote.

  • Racial tension and membership in the Ku Klux Klan was high in the 1920s.

  • Until 1965, Jim Crow laws created second-class status to African Americans.


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