Technology in the learning spaces
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Technology in the Learning Spaces. Sande Johnson-Byers Assistant Vice President Information Technology. Working Committee Members. Sande Johnson-Byers, Chair Rhonda Dixon Jeff Falcone Alex Gaughan Laura Hardesty Michael Homan Mark Kasselhut Brad Lawton. Cathy Leist Sherry Ross

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Technology in the learning spaces

Technology in the Learning Spaces

Sande Johnson-Byers

Assistant Vice President

Information Technology


Working committee members

Working Committee Members

Sande Johnson-Byers, Chair

Rhonda Dixon

Jeff Falcone

Alex Gaughan

Laura Hardesty

Michael Homan

Mark Kasselhut

Brad Lawton

Cathy Leist

Sherry Ross

Joe Steffen

Uldis Strepis

Chris Weaver

Joanna Wolfe


Establish a baseline

Establish a Baseline

  • Assessment of technology in UofL’s learningspaces

    • 108 of 167 (65%) classrooms on the Belknap Campus and 6 of 33 (18%) had little or no technology capability

    • Overall, 57% of classrooms needed to be equipped or upgraded with technology

    • Update: UofL’s Phi Beta Kappa initiative will newly equip 30 rooms with technology


Research

Research

  • 2008 ECAR (Educause Study for Applied Research) Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology

    • students preferred only a “moderate” amount of technology in the classroom

    • students preferred “face-to-face” interactions in the classroom and with faculty and classmates


Develop a committee

Develop a Committee

Represent:

  • Students

  • Faculty

  • Business Affairs

  • Delphi Center for Teaching and Learning

  • Information Technology

  • Libraries

  • Resources for Academic Achievement (REACH)


Literature review

Literature Review

  • When Computers Leave Classrooms, So Does Boredom (Chronicle of Higher Education)

    • “Teach naked” by removing technology from the classroom

    • Make lectures available online for student review outside of class

    • Reserve class time for active discussion


Literature review1

Literature Review

  • Learning Spaces: Involving Faculty to Improve Pedagogy (Educause)

    • Involve faculty and students in the planning phase

    • Aim to understand faculty member’s learning objectives

    • Assess the technology to determine educational value


Literature review2

Literature Review

  • Space Strategies for the New Learning Landscape (Educause)

    • Create collaborative and immersive learning spaces

    • View the entire campus as a learning space

    • Create flexibility in the learning space


Literature review3

Literature Review

  • Assessment: The Key to Creating Spaces that Promote Learning (Educause)

    • Faculty facilitate the learning experience when they are comfortable with pedagogical practices

    • Students are most engaged when they are encouraged to interact with faculty and fellow students

    • Territoriality and departmental ownership of highly prized rooms decrease the use of the space


Literature review4

Literature Review

  • Charting the Course & Tapping the Community: The Educause Top Teaching & Learning Challenges 2009 (Educause)

    • Balance promoting technology with encouraging teaching and learning using technology

    • Explore solutions to top challenges in teaching and learning through “Challenges” project: www.educause.edu/eli/challenges


Literature review5

Literature Review

  • Signposts of the Revolution? What We Talk about When We Talk Learning Spaces (Educause)

    • Outdated industrial model prepared learners to perform repetitive factory jobs

    • Industrial model continues to dominate higher education

    • New inquiry model encompasses active, social, continuous and holistic learning


Literature review6

Literature Review

  • The 2009 21st-Century Campus Report: Defining the Vision (CDW-G)

    • Campus community defined by access to technology, resources and each other

    • Year over year, students are placing more importance on technology in the learning space


Survey benchmark institutions

Survey Benchmark Institutions

  • Survey UofL’s benchmark institutions about their classroom technology

    • Funding model

    • Standards

    • Support

    • Equipment

    • Learning management software


Survey benchmark institutions1

Survey Benchmark Institutions

  • Completed with seven respondents


Survey benchmark institutions2

Survey Benchmark Institutions

  • 100% of responding institutions fund instructional technology in the classroom with a combination of centralized and decentralized funds

  • 71% of responding institutions have an ongoing budget for sustaining instructional technology in the classroom


Survey benchmark institutions3

Survey Benchmark Institutions

  • 100% of responding institutions have classroom technology standards

  • Responding institutions have a range of 50-100% of their classrooms equipped to use technology

  • 71% of responding institutions report their requests for technology-equipped classrooms outnumber classroom availability


Survey benchmark institutions4

Survey Benchmark Institutions

  • 71% of responding institutions provide laptops for faculty instruction

  • Faculty are using these laptops to integrate technology into the curriculum


Input from uofl faculty

Input from UofL Faculty

  • Administered survey

  • 81 respondents

    -School of Public Health & Information Sciences

    -Arts and Sciences -College of Business

    -College of Education -Speed School of Engineering

    -Kent School of Social Work -School of Dentistry

    -School of Law -School of Medicine

    -Libraries


Input from uofl faculty1

Input from UofL Faculty

  • 88% of respondents have taught classes in a technology equipped classroom during the current academic year

  • 37% of respondents have been denied use of a technology equipped classroom due to lack of availability


Input from uofl faculty2

Input from UofL Faculty

  • 65% of respondents agree or strongly agree the use of technology in the classroom has improved learning outcomes for students

  • 67% of respondents agree or strongly agree technology in the classroom has allowed them to more actively engage students


Input from uofl faculty3

Input from UofL Faculty

  • 61% agree or strongly agree they are satisfied with the current level of technology in the classrooms they use

    • “Agree only if the rooms are equipped but disagree if there is no technology available”

    • “My problem is the frequency with which I am scheduled to teach courses in classes which have no technology in them at all”

  • Faculty want more technology equipped classrooms


Input from uofl faculty4

Input from UofL Faculty

  • Faculty focus groups

  • Conducted by an associate professor of biology


Input from uofl faculty5

Input from UofL Faculty

  • Faculty focus groups common themes

    • All learning spaces need a basic level of technology, including Internet access

    • Improve faculty training

    • Improve technology documentation

    • Offer students collaborative learning spaces


Input from uofl faculty6

Input from UofL Faculty

  • Online discussion board

  • One faculty respondent

    • Expectation of WiFi access and electronic projection equipment in every classroom

    • Recommends professional development for faculty to better incorporate technology in the classroom


Input from uofl students

Input from UofL Students

  • Administered survey

  • 132 respondents

    -Arts and Sciences -College of Business

    -College of Education -Speed School of Engineering

    -Kent School of Social Work -School of Music

    -School of Law -School of Medicine

    -School of Nursing

  • 97% of respondents take face-to-face classes


Input from uofl students1

Input from UofL Students

  • Most used technologies by respondents in courses this semester:

    • Email (98%)

    • Office applications (88%)

    • Social networking (44%)

    • Text messaging (43%)

    • Blogs or wikis (32%)

    • Classroom capture (17%)


Input from uofl students2

Input from UofL Students

  • 98.5% of respondents prefer to take courses in which the instructor uses some (67.9%) or makes extensive (30.6%) use of technology. Less than 2% prefer no technology.

  • 74% of respondents agree or strongly agree their instructors effectively use technology in the classroom


Input from uofl students3

Input from UofL Students

  • 64% of respondents agree or strongly agree their instructor’s use of technology in the classroom keeps them engaged during class

  • 58% of respondents agree or strongly agree their instructor’s use of other technologies (Blackboard, Facebook, Twitter, etc.) keeps them engaged outside of the classroom


Input from uofl students4

Input from UofL Students

  • Student focus groups

  • Conducted by

    • Libraries

    • Delphi Center for Teaching and Learning

    • Resources for Academic Achievement (REACH)


Input from uofl students5

Input from UofL Students

  • Student focus groups common themes

    • All learning spaces need a basic level of technology

    • Prefer a moderate amount of technology

    • Prefer face-to-face learning

    • Like using I-Clicker technology

    • Social networking between faculty and students should be student-initiated


Committee recommendations

Committee Recommendations

  • Create a new minimum classroom technology standard

    • Current standards provide an“overkill” of technology, limiting scope to few classrooms

    • New standards should provide basic technology:

      • Data projector

      • Electric screen

      • Input panel

      • Internet access

      • Base i-Clicker system


Committee recommendations1

Committee Recommendations

  • Create a new minimum classroom technology standard (continued)

    • Estimated $5,615 per classroom, excluding room prep and desktop computer

    • Philosophy of upgrading as many classrooms as budgetarily feasible


Committee recommendations2

Committee Recommendations

  • Develop a plan to equip 100% of UofL’s learning spaces

    • All responding benchmark institutions plan to equip 100% of their classrooms

    • Equip UofL classrooms at the new minimum standard over a three-year period (estimated $640,110)

    • Update: $168,450 of the funding is included in UofL’s Phi Beta Kappa initiative


Committee recommendations3

Committee Recommendations

  • Encourage departments to replace faculty workstations with laptop or tablet computers

    • Design technology classrooms with appropriate connection cables

    • Provost and CIO strongly encourage units to buy laptops for faculty in lieu of desktops

    • Over 3-4 years, centrally fund laptop/desktop cost differential for all full-time faculty (approximately $300 each, total $468,300)


Committee recommendations4

Committee Recommendations

  • Establish an ongoing process for sustaining technology in the classroom

    • IT develop an ongoing classroom technology management approach

    • Create a central budget for classroom technology maintenance and upgrades

    • Fund at 20% ($224,600) assuming maintenance of equipment for 200 classrooms at the minimum standard


Committee recommendations5

Committee Recommendations

  • Make all classrooms available for scheduling through Resource 25

    • Several units restrict access to technology classrooms by not listing them on Resource 25

    • Maximize learning space usage by making all classrooms available for scheduling through Resource 25

    • Give priority scheduling to units that currently invest in technology using student fees


Committee recommendations6

Committee Recommendations

  • Improve training, documentation and support for using technology in the classroom

    • Each classroom contain a printed set of instructions

    • Review instructions on a semester basis

    • Maintain instructions on the web for instructors to download


Technology in the learning spaces

  • Improve training, documentation and support for using technology in the classroom (continued)

    • Offer training to instructors

      teaching in technology classrooms

    • Offer group training at the

      department/school level


Committee recommendations7

Committee Recommendations

  • Develop a process to assess the impact of technology in the classroom

    • Technology in the classroom is an investment

    • Assessment provides data to evaluate effectiveness


Committee recommendations8

Committee Recommendations

  • Develop a process to assess the impact of technology in the classroom (continued)

    • Institutional Research develop a process to assess the impact of technology in the classroom on student outcomes

    • Use National Study of Student

      Engagement (NSSE) as a guide


Committee recommendations9

Committee Recommendations

  • Include technology classrooms and collaborative learning spaces in new construction and renovations

    • Ensure all classrooms meet/exceed the new minimum technology standard

    • Assure the development of collaborative learning spaces to stimulate and enhance

      active student engagement


Committee recommendations10

Committee Recommendations

  • Increase use of blended courses to maximize use of available technology classrooms

    • Meet face-to-face on a limited basis

    • Utilize Blackboard (or other technology) to interact outside of the classroom

    • Charge 115% of tuition rate to fund initiative


Committee recommendations11

Committee Recommendations

  • Increase use of blended courses to maximize use of available technology classrooms (continued)

    • Incent individual instructors who

      develop and offer blended courses

    • Officially recognize blended classes

      as a unique class/category


Committee recommendations12

Committee Recommendations

  • Strongly encourage faculty to increase use of Blackboard

    • Currently in use by less than 50% of all courses at UofL

    • Provost’s office, academic deans and department chairs encourage a minimum usage standard for Blackboard


Committee recommendations13

Committee Recommendations

  • Strongly encourage faculty to increase use of Blackboard (continued)

    • Include at minimum posting syllabus, faculty information and course description

    • Strongly encourage posting of grades in Blackboard, even if Blackboard is not used to administer tests and assignments


Committee recommendations14

Committee Recommendations

  • Strongly encourage use of Tegrity and I-Clickers in the classroom

    • Delphi and IT offer classes and training designed to encourage innovative Tegrity use

    • When possible, place in classrooms microphones which support Tegrity and other recordings

    • Stock recommended microphones in iTech Xpress and have them available for checkout through IT’s classroom support services


Committee recommendations15

Committee Recommendations

  • Strongly encourage use of Tegrity and I-Clickers in the classroom (continued)

    • Include I-Clicker base units in technology capable classrooms

    • Delphi Center and IT continue offering

      training and support for I-Clickers


Committee recommendations16

Committee Recommendations

  • Acquire the appropriate tools to improve virtual learning spaces

    • Current Blackboard chat/virtual classroom tools do not ensure meaningful web collaboration

      • Difficult to use

      • Not stable

      • Not full-featured


Committee recommendations17

Committee Recommendations

  • Acquire the appropriate tools to improve virtual learning spaces (continued)

    • Purchase a full-featured web collaboration tool to use in conjunction with Blackboard (estimated $80,000 CAR)

    • Implement at the enterprise level to support instruction and provide administrative support to faculty and students


Committee recommendations18

Committee Recommendations

  • Allow use of social networking tools to be initiated by the student

    • Students view faculty-initiated social networking as an intrusion

    • Allow students to initiate faculty/student social networking

    • Investigate ConnectYard to facilitate one to many communication from Blackboard


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Vet findings and recommendations:

    • Academic Technology Committee

    • Council of Academic Officers

    • Faculty Senate

    • Student Government Association

    • Strategic Technology Executive Committee


Next steps1

Next Steps

  • Present recommendations to

    Provost

  • Implement approved recommendations (pending funding)


Questions

Questions?


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