Identifying science and business issues the case of nanotechnology
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Identifying Science and Business Issues: The Case of Nanotechnology. Dr. Danial Wayner, Director General National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, Ottawa. The Case of Nanotechnology. Contents. Catching the nanotechnology wave

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Identifying science and business issues the case of nanotechnology

Identifying Science and Business Issues: The Case of Nanotechnology

Dr. Danial Wayner, Director General

National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton

Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, Ottawa


Contents

The Case of Nanotechnology

Contents

  • Catching the nanotechnology wave

  • Managing emerging technologies

  • Business opportunities in nanotechnology

  • What government can do


Nanoresearch vs nanotechnology

The Case of Nanotechnology

Nanoresearch vs Nanotechnology

Nanoresearch

  • research at the atomic, molecular or macromolecular levels to:

    • create and use structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functions with critical length scales typically under 100 nm

    • provide fundamental understanding of phenomena and materials at the nanoscale in 1, 2 or 3 dimensions


Nanoresearch vs nanotechnology1

The Case of Nanotechnology

Nanoresearch vs Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

  • useful applications of nanoscience/engineering knowledge and discoveries

    • integration into existing technologies

    • new applications based on transformational or revolutionary discoveries


Identifying science and business issues the case of nanotechnology

The Case of Nanotechnology

networks

atoms

macro/supra

molecules

systems

organism

molecules

self-organizing

Assemblies

organ

Biological

Complexity

tissue

cell

  • Integrated Nanosystems

  • Artificial organs/tissue

  • Chemical information systems

  • integrated with electronics

  • Adaptive materials

Complexity (# of nanocomponents)

organelle

Non-Bio

Complexity

protein

DNA

www

nucleic/

amino

acid

electronics/

photonics

nano

materials

bulk materials

0.1

1

10

100

103

106

107

>108

Length Scale (nm)


Catching the nanotechnology wave

The Case of Nanotechnology

Catching the nanotechnology wave

  • What is the wave?

    • most of what we hear and see is nanoresearch

    • there are increasing incremental improvements to traditional technologies (e.g. nanocomposites)

    • some discoveries suggest discontinuities in product development, manufacturing paradigms

    • there is a feeling that we are on the verge of something revolutionary but it is still not well defined

  • Hype versus Reality

    • the research and investment communities are fueling unreasonable expectations


Identifying science and business issues the case of nanotechnology

The Case of Nanotechnology


Catching the nanotechnology wave1

The Case of Nanotechnology

Catching the nanotechnology wave

  • How do we know it is coming?

    • It is underpinned by many years of research

    • It builds on a succession of high profile reports

    • It requires significant capital investment in infrastructure and capacity building

    • it promises economic impact on optimistic timescales


Catching the nanotechnology wave2

The Case of Nanotechnology

Catching the nanotechnology wave

  • Nanotechnology fits this description well:

    • It is based on many years of basic research in physics, chemistry and biology. And several major areas of nanotechnology still require substantial scientific research before commercial ‘technologies’ will emerge.

    • there are many parallels with the biotech revolution

    • Future nanotech research and production facilities will require massive investments

    • There are an increasing number of startups even though markets are not yet clearly defined


Catching the nanotechnology wave3

The Case of Nanotechnology

Catching the nanotechnology wave

  • Trying to catch the wave is risky!

  • Anxiety over IP, wealth generation leads to:

    • Taking a new ‘technology’ out of a university or government lab and into a ‘start-up’ company before major research problems are resolved

    • products without markets, markets without products

    • unanticipated problems in scale up, moving from prototypes to production

    • incomplete understanding of the value chain – low ROI

    • if not managed well, disillusionment/backlash (dot coms, photonics)


Managing technology risk some science policy issues

The Case of Nanotechnology

Managing Technology Risk – Some Science Policy Issues

  • National S&T priorities

    • defines strengths, weaknesses, opportunties, threats at a national level

    • provides a framework within which funding decisions may be taken (critical mass)

    • creates opportunity for organizational synergies

  • Technology Clusters

    • regional clusters of competing and collaborating firms, associated with university and government research facilities to share the risk and the rewards

    • well developed receptor capacity

    • spin-offs when necessary but not necessarily spin-offs


Managing technology risk some science policy issues1

The Case of Nanotechnology

Managing Technology Risk – Some Science Policy Issues

  • Funding

    • Provide long term funding of research into nanoscience in both the universities and government labs, e.g., NINT

    • Provide other incentives to SME’s (contracts vs grants)

  • Outreach/education

    • closing the gap between science and business/investors

  • Nano Environmental, Ethical, Economic, Legal, Social Implications (NE3LS)

    • public rejection can derail technologies (e.g. GM foods)

    • developing a NE3LS capacity at this early stage is an opportunity for Canada to establish a competitive edge in a global economy


Identifying science and business issues the case of nanotechnology

NINT: Building

  • NRC

  • ResearchPrograms

  • Industry Partnership Facility

UniversityAlignedNanotechResearchPrograms

NRC/UofASharedNanotechFacility

The Case of Nanotechnology

NINT: Collaborative Model

NRC

Province+UofA

$40M

Cross-

Appointments

Cross-

Appointments

$20M

$20M

$40M

$12M/a


Business opportunities in nanotechnology

The Case of Nanotechnology

Business opportunities in nanotechnology

  • Short Term (less disruptive)

    • Nanomaterials

    • Nanotools

    • Nano-electromechanical systems

  • Long Term (more disruptive)

    • Nanoelectronics/quantum computing

    • Bionanotechnology/personalized health care

    • Integrated Nanosystems/Convergent Technologies


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