OVERVIEW OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS. The study of the relationship between language and the contexts in which it is used. To study language in natural contexts. DISCIPLINES.
Applied linguistics puts linguistic theories into practice in areas such as foreign language teaching, speech therapy, translation and speech pathology.
Semantics: Relation between signs and the things they refer to, their denotata.
Syntactics: Relation of signs to each other in formal structures.
Pragmatics: Relation of signs to their impacts on those who use them
- classroom talks
- Social activity
- Institutionalised talks
-artificial (constructed-scripts of drama)
eg: Students: Madam, tell us about the exam.
Teacher: Have I got an exam for you!
(Ex-page 9 (McCarthy, 1990)
eg: a request, an instruction,
Initiation response follow-up
(question) (answer) (comment)
(eg. Nik enjoys watching ‘dikir barat’. He was born in Kelantan)