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Regional and Intra-urban Disparities of Mental and Physiological Health Conditions as influential Well-Being Indicator s. Levente Halász Research assistant Kodolányi János University of Applied Sciences EUROGEO International Conference Malta , Valletta 15-17th May, 2014.

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Regional and Intra-urban Disparities of Mental and Physiological Health Conditions as influential Well-Being Indicators

Levente Halász

Research assistant

Kodolányi János University of AppliedSciences

EUROGEO International Conference

Malta, Valletta

15-17th May, 2014

Research has been realised within the confines of TÁMOP 4.2.2.A-11/1/KONV-2012-0069 project

stiglitz well being dimensions
Stiglitzwell-beingdimensions
  • Material living –standards (income, consumption and wealth),
  • Health,
  • Education,
  • Personal activities including work,
  • Political voice and governance ,
  • Social connections and relationships,
  • Environment (present and future conditions),
  • Insecurity, of an economic as well as a physical nature.

Health= State of Physical, Mental and SocialWell-Being(dynamicproccess)

Lifeterm is determinatedbyhealth + culture + economicsituation + education

Life expectancy: Increasesupwardsinurbanhierarchy

West-Eastorcentre-peripherydichotomiesdonotexistproperly!

(Longest: Budapest, Szombathely, Debrecen, Győr, worst: Miskolc, Békéscsaba, Tatabánya)

Life expectancy (Hungary): male: 70,1, female: 77,9

Source: http://szike.postr.hu/javulo-egeszseg-oriasi-egyenlotlensegek-europaban

health situation in hungary
Health situationin Hungary
  • Comparetoothernations: unfavourablehealtconditions
  • Lower-startapopulation: Health, healthylifestyledonothaveconsiderableposition
  • Unequalaccesstohealth-relatiedservices, unequalityinterms of maintenanceopportunities.
  • Explanationtointerregional and intraregionaldisparities: economicdisparities, unjustredistributivesystem, unfavourableemploymentpositions, impededavailabilitytoeducationandhealthservices, maleficientlivinganddwellingcircumstances, lowchancetohealthyandbalanced life (Uzzoli, A. 2009)
influential theoretical factors of health disparities
Influentialtheoreticalfactors of healtHdisparities
  • Cultural-Behaviorist: lifestyle, individualriskfactors, socio-culturalfactors;
  • Psycho-social: healtbehavios, subjectivehealthevaluation, stressfactors;
  • Materialist/Structuralist: socio-economicalsituation, finiancialsituation, life circumstances, labour market position;
  • Neo-materialist: socio-structuralcircumstances, role of „space”

(Egedy-Uzzoli, 2013)

methodology
Methodology
  • Survey N=5000 (3000 inregionalcentres (9 cities), 2000 insuburbansettlements (developed and underdevelopedsettlements)
  • Realised: December 2013 – March 2014
  • Surveyquestions, empiricallyfoundedrecentresults:
  • Howsatisfiedareyouwithpersonalstate of health?
  • Doyousmoke?
  • Howstressful is your life?
  • Howoftendoyouhavethefollowingsymptomes: Headache, Backache, Sleepingdisorders, Feeling of fatigue, Stomachache, Lokomotivdisorders?
  • Doyoupractisethefollowinghealth-maintainingopportunities: Healthyalimenation, Sports, activerecreation, Alternativetreatments, Vitamins, nutritionsupplements
smoking
Smoking
  • Males: 1/3
  • Females: ¼
  • Attitude-discrepancy: 41% thinksonlypermanentsmokingcauseshealth-relateddisorders
  • Inninemetropolitanregions: 29,6% smokes

Source: http://szike.postr.hu/javulo-egeszseg-oriasi-egyenlotlensegek-europaban

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Metropolitan centresrepresentdevelopmentislands (isolatums) inHungarianruralarea.
  • Economicwellfare has influenceon local state of health.
  • Intraregionallevel: West-East, Centre-Peripherydichotomiesarenotalwaysrelevant
  • and obvious
  • Developed and underdevelopedurbanperipheryconvergestoeachother, onlysmartdifferencesappeared. Despitetheyaretheleastdevelopedsuburbansettlements, concerning 3160 Hungariansettlements, theybelongto most developed and rapidlyimprovingones.
  • Intraurbanlevel: apparent and sharpdifferencesbetweensocio-economicallydeveloped, secure, prestigeousquartersanddiverged, segregatedquarterscharacterisedbylow-strataurbanpopulation.
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