Lecture 1, MATH 210G.01, Fall 2012. Reason is the capacity human beings have to make sense of things, to establish and verify facts , and to change or justify practices, institutions, and beliefs It is the basis for the ability to make predictions and to influence their own destiny.
Reasoning, Part I
Descartes (1596-1650): I am … nothing but a thinking thing; that is a mind, or intellect, or understanding, or reason – words of whose meanings I was previously ignorant .
David Hume (1711-1776): reason is nothing but a wonderful and unintelligible instinct in our souls, which carries us along a certain train of ideas, and endows them with particular qualities, according to their particular situations and relations (consequently, animals can reason)
Kant (1724-1804): it is in fact possible to reason both about the conditions and limits of human knowledge. And so long as these limits are respected, reason can be the vehicle of morality, justice and understanding
"Sure there's a catch", Doc Daneeka replied. "Catch-22. Anyone who wants to get out of combat duty isn't really crazy.”