Malaysia: Mobile-Fixed-Mobile Interconnection Case Study. John Ure Director of the Telecommunications Research Project University of Hong Kong www.trp.hku.hk. Demographics of Malaysia. Most developed ASEAN economy after Singapore Population = around 21 million
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Director of the Telecommunications Research Project
University of Hong Kong
Cellular Company and dial code Technology Transmission Mode
Note: Celcom also operated an international gateway, so only a small percentage of its international traffic passed through TMB’s gateway
Note: Mobikom receives a lower payment than Celcom and has a smaller network. Unlike Celcom, Mobikom also has no international gateway.
a) Point of Interconnection (the cost of establishment bundled into the interconnection fee
b) Delivery of calls depending upon whether they involve near-end or far-end handover.
c) Interconnection capacity in terms of circuits made available measured in 2 Mbps units
d) Access by TMB to the premises of mobile operator to establish the connection.
Where: A = 0, B = 1, C = 0.5, and D = 1.
Peak Off Peak
Call attempt from a POI within 13¢ 6 ¢
the same Automatic Telephone (3.42 ¢US) (1.58 ¢US)
Using Radio (ATUR) exchange
Call attempt from a POI outside 18 ¢ 8 ¢
the same Automatic Telephone (4.7 ¢ US) (2.11 ¢US)
Using Radio (ATUR) exchange area
Peak (7am - 7pm) Off-peak (7pm-7am)
Seconds Price Seconds Price per
per unit per unit per unit unit
Same area 20 30¢ 40 15¢
Adjacent Area 7.5 80 ¢ 15 40 ¢
Non-adjacent area 4 RM1.50 8 75¢
through a doubled tandem
through a double tandem and
Peak - 13 ¢ Price per Off-peak Price per
unit minute minute minute
Local: same/adjacent 60 seconds 13 ¢ 90 seconds 8.7 ¢
Band A: 50k ≤ 150k 20 seconds 39 ¢ 40 seconds 19.5 ¢
Band B: 150k ≤550k 7.5 seconds RM1.04 15 seconds 52 ¢
Band C: >550k 4 seconds RM1.95 8 seconds 97.5 ¢
Band D: Sabah/Sarawak 3 seconds RM2.60 6 seconds RM1.30
Index: Fixed-Mobile; Mobile-Mobile
1. Kelantan, Pahang & Terengganu
2. Sabah & WP labuan
4. Melaka & Negeri Sembilan
7. Kedah & Perlis
8. Pulau Pinang
10. WP Kuala Lumpur