Herbs spices
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Herbs & Spices. Focus on Foods. Herbs & Spices. The FDA groups herbs and spices together and considers them both to be spices. Herbs. Have been described as “a friend of the physician and the praise of the cooks” Herbs are well known for their seasoning capabilities in food prepaation.

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Herbs & Spices

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Herbs spices

Herbs & Spices

Focus on Foods


Herbs spices1

Herbs & Spices

  • The FDA groups herbs and spices together and considers them both to be spices.


Herbs

Herbs

  • Have been described as “a friend of the physician and the praise of the cooks”

  • Herbs are well known for their seasoning capabilities in food prepaation.


Do you know

Do you know

  • What are some common seasoning herbs?


Common herbs

Common Herbs

  • Basil

  • Sage

  • Thyme

  • Oregano

  • Bay Leaves


Spices

Spices

  • Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are derived from leaves, by the other parts of the plant from which they are derived.


History

History

  • History records a time when spices were greater in value than gold.

  • A Goth leader once demanded 3,000 pounds of pepper as a partial ransom for calling off his siege of Rome.

  • Their value now rests in their ability to add flavorful difference to dishes.


Do you know1

Do you know

  • What are some common Spices?


Examples

Examples

  • All Spice (from a fruit)

  • Saffron (flower)

  • Cinnamon (bark)


Examples1

Examples

  • Anise, caraway, celery, cumin, fennel, mustard, poppy, and sesame (Seeds)

  • Ginger and Turmeric (rhizomes)


Herbs spices

  • Although garlic, onions and shallots can serve as a spice, they are officially recognized as vegetables.


Spices used in different cuisines

Spices Used in Different Cuisines

  • Thai food relies heavily on hot peppers

  • Central American dishes are distinguished by their use of chili peppers or powder.


Spices used in different cuisines1

Spices Used in Different Cuisines

  • Mexican meals often incorporate cumin, coriander, paprika, pepper, and cilantro.

  • Indian dishes are enhanced with curry mixtures.


Purchasing herbs and spices

Purchasing Herbs and Spices

  • Can be purchased in whole, crushed, or ground.


Purchasing herbs and spices1

Purchasing Herbs and Spices

  • Whole herbs retain their freshness longer than crushed, which in turn keep longer than ground.

  • Whole seeds and leaves provide a visual and textural appeal.

    • The flavor can be slow

  • Ground spices provide a quick infusion of flavor.


Storing herbs and spices

Storing Herbs and Spices

  • According to the American Spice Trade Association dried spices and herbs should be kept below 60 degrees F, and replaced every 12 months.

  • They keep best in air tight, opaque containers stored in a cool, dry place.


Herbs spices

MSG

  • Monosodium Glutamate

  • Influences flavor without contributing any flavor of its own.

  • A compound was isolated from seaweed, which is today MSG.


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