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Herbs & Spices. Focus on Foods. Herbs & Spices. The FDA groups herbs and spices together and considers them both to be spices. Herbs. Have been described as “a friend of the physician and the praise of the cooks” Herbs are well known for their seasoning capabilities in food prepaation.

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Herbs spices

Herbs & Spices

Focus on Foods


Herbs spices1
Herbs & Spices

  • The FDA groups herbs and spices together and considers them both to be spices.


Herbs
Herbs

  • Have been described as “a friend of the physician and the praise of the cooks”

  • Herbs are well known for their seasoning capabilities in food prepaation.


Do you know
Do you know

  • What are some common seasoning herbs?


Common herbs
Common Herbs

  • Basil

  • Sage

  • Thyme

  • Oregano

  • Bay Leaves


Spices
Spices

  • Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are derived from leaves, by the other parts of the plant from which they are derived.


History
History

  • History records a time when spices were greater in value than gold.

  • A Goth leader once demanded 3,000 pounds of pepper as a partial ransom for calling off his siege of Rome.

  • Their value now rests in their ability to add flavorful difference to dishes.


Do you know1
Do you know

  • What are some common Spices?


Examples
Examples

  • All Spice (from a fruit)

  • Saffron (flower)

  • Cinnamon (bark)


Examples1
Examples

  • Anise, caraway, celery, cumin, fennel, mustard, poppy, and sesame (Seeds)

  • Ginger and Turmeric (rhizomes)



Spices used in different cuisines
Spices Used in Different Cuisines they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • Thai food relies heavily on hot peppers

  • Central American dishes are distinguished by their use of chili peppers or powder.


Spices used in different cuisines1
Spices Used in Different Cuisines they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • Mexican meals often incorporate cumin, coriander, paprika, pepper, and cilantro.

  • Indian dishes are enhanced with curry mixtures.


Purchasing herbs and spices
Purchasing Herbs and Spices they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • Can be purchased in whole, crushed, or ground.


Purchasing herbs and spices1
Purchasing Herbs and Spices they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • Whole herbs retain their freshness longer than crushed, which in turn keep longer than ground.

  • Whole seeds and leaves provide a visual and textural appeal.

    • The flavor can be slow

  • Ground spices provide a quick infusion of flavor.


Storing herbs and spices
Storing Herbs and Spices they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • According to the American Spice Trade Association dried spices and herbs should be kept below 60 degrees F, and replaced every 12 months.

  • They keep best in air tight, opaque containers stored in a cool, dry place.


MSG they are officially recognized as vegetables.

  • Monosodium Glutamate

  • Influences flavor without contributing any flavor of its own.

  • A compound was isolated from seaweed, which is today MSG.


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