Bargaining and intra household allocation of resources
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Bargaining and Intra-Household Allocation of Resources. Dev Nathan Institute for Human Development, New Delhi a nd Duke University, USA. Intra-household Allocation. Depends upon Bargaining power I n turn depends upon Extra-household position (fallback/breakdown) Income Assets

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Bargaining and intra household allocation of resources

Bargaining and Intra-Household Allocation of Resources

Dev Nathan

Institute for Human Development,

New Delhi

and

Duke University, USA


Intra household allocation
Intra-household Allocation

Depends upon

  • Bargaining power

    In turn depends upon

  • Extra-household position (fallback/breakdown)

  • Income

  • Assets

  • Public entitlements

  • Social networks


Income
Income

Comparative incomes

and

Types of work

  • Compensatory gender display (McClintock)

  • “I am the sun outside, and the moon at home.” (Chinese factory manager)

  • Outsourcing housework


Voice and exit
Voice and Exit

  • Translating endowments into capabilities

  • ‘Feminist content’ as gendered persons (Katz)

  • Power and information asymmetries

  • Institutional features


Voice exit and norms
Voice, Exit and Norms

  • Voice – bargaining capacity

    • Information asymmetry

  • Exit – power asymmetries

  • Norms –institutional, not legal, rules of access

  • “Good women don’t own land.” (Nitya Rao)


Norms
Norms

  • Bourdieu’s doxa – that which is taken for granted

  • Short-term exogenous, and long-term endogenous (Bina Agarwal)

  • How do norms change?


Norm changes
Norm Changes

E.g. women as income earners in Bangladesh

  • Economically superior practice

  • Groups and importance of large numbers

  • Social movements (e.g. women’s education)


Conclusion
Conclusion

Bringing non-material aspects

  • Voice (Information)

  • Exit (Power)

  • Norms

    Into intra-household resource allocation


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