The iliad ancient myth alive today
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The Iliad ANCIENT MYTH ALIVE TODAY. AENEAS FLEEING TROY. HE IS ONE OF THE GREATEST POETS IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION. ENIGMATICALLY, LITTLE CAN BE SAID ABOUT HIM. HE PROBABLY LIVED AND WROTE. IN THE EIGHTH OR NINTH CENTURIES B.C.E. NO ONE IS CERTAIN OF THIS DATE.

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The Iliad ANCIENT MYTH ALIVE TODAY

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The iliad ancient myth alive today

The IliadANCIENT MYTH ALIVE TODAY

AENEAS FLEEING TROY


Homer

HE IS ONE OF THE GREATEST POETS IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION.

ENIGMATICALLY,

LITTLE CAN BE SAID ABOUT HIM.

HE PROBABLY LIVED AND WROTE

IN THE EIGHTH OR NINTH CENTURIES B.C.E.

NO ONE IS CERTAIN OF THIS DATE.

HE DID WRITE IN THE DIALECT OF THE ASIAN GREEKS.

HOMER


Homeric tradition

HOMER HAS BEEN VISUALIZED AS BLIND.

THERE IS NO EVIDENCE FOR SUCH AN ASSERTION.

THIS IDEA IS BASED UPON A BLIND

MINISTREL IN THE ODYSSEY WHO SINGS OF THE FALL OF TROY.

WE REALLY DON’T KNOW.

SPECULATION HAS SUGGESTED THAT HOMER NEVER EXISTED.

HOMERIC TRADITION


Contemporary scholarship

THE ILIAD AND THE ODYSSEY,

IS BELIEVED BY MOST MODERN SCHOLARS TO BE

COMPOSED IN A

CONSISTENCY OF STYLE AND OUTLOOK

THAT INDICATES THAT THEY ARE THE WORKS

OF ONE AUTHOR.

DESPITE THE LACK OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE POET

THE WORKS REMAIN CLASSICALLY ENDEARING.

CONTEMPORARY SCHOLARSHIP


The iliad ancient myth alive today

MYTH AND IDEA IN THE ILIAD

THETIS IMPLORING ZEUS TO HELP ACHILLEUS


Mythical structure

“MYTHOS” FROM THE GREEK

MEANING AN

UNDERLYING

ARCHETYPAL

“TRUTH” TOLD

IN STORY FORM.

HUMANITY IS A MYTH MAKER.

WHILE MYTHS ARE NOT SCIENTIFICALLY “TRUE,”

STILL THEY REVEAL A POETIC OR PHILOSOPHICAL

DIMENSION OF TRUTH TO HUMANITY THAT MAY ULTIMATELY BE MORE

SIGNIFICANT FOR HUMAN BEINGS

OTHER THAN SCIENTIFIC TRUTH,

A POWERFUL DIMENSIONAL FIELD IN ITSELF.

MYTHICAL STRUCTURE


The iliad ancient myth alive today

CLASSICAL BEAUTY

THAT BEGAN

THE TROJAN WAR


Three goddesses

THREE GODDESSES

  • THREE OPINIONS

  • THREE OPTIONS

  • MORE THAN ONE INDIVIDUAL INVOLVED IN THE CLIMAX

  • ONE CONTEST SOLUTION


For example

TODAY, AS IN HOMER’S AGE, MANY EXPERIENCES REMAIN UNEXPLAINED.

THE “TRUE” ORIGINS OF THE TROJAN WAR ARE UNKNOWN AND A MYSTERY.

A MYTHICAL BEAUTY CONTEST WAS CREATED

BETWEEN THE THREE GREAT GODDESSES

THAT PARIS WOULD JUDGE.

HERA

ATHENA

APHRODITE

FOR EXAMPLE


The iliad ancient myth alive today

FIGHTS ON

THE GREEK SIDE

MOST FANATICAL OF ALL THE

OLYMPIANS: WILLING TO GO TO

ANY LENGTHS, INCLUDING THE DECEPTION

OF HER HUSBAND FOR THE DEFEAT

OF TROY.

HERA, SISTER AND WIFE OF ZEUS


The iliad ancient myth alive today

ATHENA

GODDESS OF WISDOM

SHE FIGHTS ON THE

GREEK SIDE

DAUGHTER OF ZEUS


The iliad ancient myth alive today

WITH HER CONSORT ARES, GOD OF WAR

SHE IS CONSTANT

IN HER AFFECTIONS

FOR ANY SIDE

APHRODITE GODDESS OF LOVE


The three goddesses offered paris three different rewards

THE THREE GODDESSES OFFERED PARIS THREE DIFFERENT REWARDS

  • HERA OFFERS PARIS RULE OF ASIA

  • ATHENA OFFERS FAME IN WAR

  • POWER AND GLORY THE TWO

  • MOST TANTALIZING IDEALS OF THE PERIOD

  • APHRODITE OFFERS THE LOVE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMAN IN THE WORLD

  • HELEN, WIFE OF MENELAUS, KING OF SPARTA

  • PARIS ACCEPTS BEAUTY AND LOVE

  • IN AN AGE DOMINATED BY A CODE OF HONOR

  • THIS DECISION LEADS TO WAR


The iliad ancient myth alive today

A UNIVERSAL COSMOLOGY IN ONE WHOLE


Homer s mythological construct dichtomies

TO RETURN TO A MORE THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING

OF THE ANCIENT WORLD THAT HOMER PORTRAYS

WE MUST FIRST UNDERSTAND THAT THEN

LIKE TODAY

EVERYTHING

IN THE UNIVERSE EXISTED IN A

CONDITION

OF

OPPOSITES:

HOMER’S MYTHOLOGICAL CONSTRUCTDICHTOMIES


Dichtomies

GOOD-EVIL

LOVE-HATE

CHAOS-ORDER

HOT-COLD

WET-DRY

BLACK-WHITE

STRONG-POWERFUL

AND SO ON

TO AS MANY

OPPOSITES

AS THE HUMAN MIND

CAN POSSIBLY IMAGINE

DICHTOMIES


The iliad ancient myth alive today

EARTH FROM APOLLO

WHEN THESE OPPOSITES ARE IN BALANCE

THEN THE WORLD IS IN BALANCE.

UNBALANCED, CATASTROPHIC RESULTS

HAPPEN


Consequences

THE ABDUCTION OF HELEN BY PARIS (OR SEDUCTION, TAKE YOUR PICK) LEADS TO AN

UNBALANCE IN THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE TIME PERIOD,

AND IN A WORLD DOMINATED BY THE HONOR CODE, LEADS TO WAR.

THIS IS AN INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCE:

THE NATURE OF MAN LEADS TO WAR.

THE ANCIENT GREEKS EXPRESSED THIS ARCHETYPAL

CONCEPT

IN THE IDEA OF ERIS—THE GODDESS OF DISCORD.

HOWEVER, THERE IS BOTH A

GOOD AND A BAD ERIS,

RATHER LIKE THE CONCEPT OF

YIN AND YANG, WHEREIN ERIS

CONTAINS THE ALL OF CREATION, BOTH GOOD

AND EVIL.

CONSEQUENCES


Ramifications

THIS IS THE SAME AGE OLD CONCEPT OF THE ETERNAL BATTLE BETWEEN

DARK AND LIGHT

THAT RAGES NOT ONLY IN THE SKIES AROUND US,

BUT ALSO IN THE SECRET HEART OF US ALL.

IN THE JUDEO-CHRISTIAN

PHILOSOPHY, IT IS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE FALL

IN THE Garden of Eden,

And

the

battle

Between

God

And

SATAN

AN AGES OLD CONFLICT

RAMIFICATIONS


Hate pride envy rebellion pettiness

ANOTHER GOOD ANALOGY FOR UNDERSTANDING

THE PRECEDING CONCEPT,

BECAUSE IN THE TROJAN WAR, HUMANS ARE

PARTIALLY RESPONSIBLE

FOR THE CONSEQUENCES OF ERIS EITHER BECAUSE THEY:

FAIL TO ADEQUATELY DEAL WITH THE CONCEPT BY REASON AND LAW OR

THEY SELF-SUBMIT TO ERIS, CREATING EVEN MORE ERIS AS ACHILLES DOES IN BOOK I

OR

THEY SUBMIT TO THE IDEA OF GODS OF FATE PARTIALLY AFFECTING HUMAN ACTIVITY

HATE, PRIDE, ENVY, REBELLION, PETTINESS


Motivating ideals ideals continued

HOW DID HUMANS LIVE IN SUCH A UNIVERSE?

HOW DID THEY COME TO TERMS WITH THIS WORLD?

HOW DID THEY FASHION THEIR LIVES?

WE HAVE A GENERAL IDEA OF HOW TO RESPOND

TO THESE QUESTIONS:

ARISTOCRACY OF THE HOMERIC AGE DID THE FIGHTING, THINKING, IDEALIZING (SOUND FAMILIAR?)

IN THIS FASHION HUMANS MIGHT FIND SOME MEASURE OF MEANING AND PLEASURE FROM A LARGELY UNCOMPRISING

UNIVERSE OF ERIS.

EMBEDDED IN AN HONOR CODE, THESE VALUES DEFINED AND GAVE HONOR TO THE ARISTOCRATS OF GREECE AND TROY.

MOTIVATING IDEALSIDEALS CONTINUED


Ideals continued

A MAN WAS NOTHING IF HE DID NOT POSSESS TIME (TEE-MAY), THE ESTEEM OF HIS FELLOW ARTISOCRATS.

THE GREATEST WAY TO ACHIEVE TIME WAS TO FIND GLORY (KUDOS).

GLORY WAS PRIMARILY ACHIEVED IN WAR, THOUGH ONE COULD ALSO FIND GLORY IN BEING A POET.

KEY TO ACHIEVING GLORY WAS THROUGH ARETE (AR-EE-TAY),

WHICH IS BEST TRANSLATED AS

EXCELLENCE.

THIS IS THE STORY OF THE ILIAD.

LET US GO THERE.

IDEALS CONTINUED


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