Anatomy
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Anatomy. Movements Quiz at the end for those who need to take it. Flexion Extension Abduction Adduction Pronation Supination Circumduction Protraction Retraction. Opposition Elevation Depression Lateral bending Rotation Inversion Eversion Hyperextension. Types of Actions.

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Anatomy

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Anatomy

Anatomy

Movements

Quiz at the end for those who need to take it


Types of actions

Flexion

Extension

Abduction

Adduction

Pronation

Supination

Circumduction

Protraction

Retraction

Opposition

Elevation

Depression

Lateral bending

Rotation

Inversion

Eversion

Hyperextension

Types of Actions


Directional terms continued

Internal (central)

Toward or in interior

Ipsilateral

On same side of body

External (peripheral)

Toward or on exterior

Contralateral

On opposite side of body

Directional Terms continued


Basic joint actions

Basic Joint Actions

  • Flexion

    • Making a decrease in angle

  • Extension

    • Making an increase in angle


Basic joint actions1

Basic Joint Actions

  • Abduction (ABD)

    • Moving away from midline of the body

    • To “take away”

  • Adduction (ADD)

    • Moving towards the midline of body

    • To “add”

Shoulder

Hip

Finger


Basic joint actions2

Basic Joint Actions

  • Supination

    • Rotating hand/forearm laterally

    • “hold the soup”

  • Pronation

    • Rotating hand/forearm medially

    • “pour the soup”


Basic joint actions3

Basic Joint Actions

  • Plantarflexion

    • Point toes/foot downward

    • “stand on tip toes”

  • Dorsiflexion

    • Point toes/foot upward

    • “foot off the gas pedal”


Basic joint actions4

Basic Joint Actions

  • Inversion

    • Movement of sole of foot inward

  • Eversion

    • Movement of sole of foot outward


Basic joint actions5

Basic Joint Actions

  • Medial (Internal) Rotation

    • Anterior surface moves toward midline

  • Lateral (External) Rotation

    • Anterior surface moves away from midline


Basic joint actions6

Basic Joint Actions

  • Protraction

    • Moving forward on plane parallel to ground

    • “punch”

  • Retraction

    • Moving backward on plane parallel to ground

    • “start lawn mower”


Basic joint actions7

Basic Joint Actions

  • Upward Rotation

    • Inferior angle

  • Downward Rotation

  • Elevation

    • To move upwards

  • Depression

    • To move downwards


Basic joint actions8

Basic Joint Actions

  • Radial Deviation (ABD)

    • Move wrist outwards or away from midline of body

    • Deviate towards radius

  • Ulnar Deviation (ADD)

    • Move wrist inwards or towards the midline of body

    • Deviate towards ulna

Ulna

Radius


Basic joint actions9

Basic Joint Actions

  • Circumduction

    • Latin meaning “around”

    • Combination of flexion/extension and abduction/adduction


Anatomy

  • Movements are in Sagittal Plane

    • Flexion

    • Extension

    • Hyperextension

    • Plantarflexion

    • Dorsiflexion


Anatomy

  • Movements are in Frontal Plane

    • Abduction

    • Adduction

    • Ulnar deviation

    • Radial deviation

    • Inversion

    • Eversion

    • Upward rotation

    • Downward rotation

    • Lateral flexion


Anatomy

  • Movements are in Transverse Plane

    • Internal rotation

    • External rotation

    • Pronation

    • Supination

    • Horizontal abduction

    • Horizontal adduction

    • Trunk Rotation


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