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The Cognitive System. Define and discuss the major viewpoints and theories related to the cognitive system in the systems model of human behavior. Developed by W. Huitt, 1999. The Cognitive System. Cognition can be defined as.

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slide1

The Cognitive System

Define and discuss the major viewpoints and theories related to the cognitive system in the systems model of human behavior.

Developed by W. Huitt, 1999

slide2

The Cognitive System

Cognition can be defined as

"the act or process of knowing in the broadest sense; specifically, an intellectual process by which knowledge is gained from perception or ideas” (Webster\'s Dictionary).

slide3

The Cognitive System

Central to the development of psychology as a

scientific discipline

  • Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory (1879)
  • Dominate approach within psychology today
  • Can be compared/contrasted with
  • Behavioral view
  • Psychoanalytic view
  • Humanistic view
  • Social Cognition view
slide4

The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Focuses on the study of the structure and function of

mental processing within specific contexts, environments, or ecologies

Information Processing

slide5

The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain

Method for classifying

the variety of educational objectives related to what and how we know

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The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Focus on how human beings learn from experience, reason well, remember important information, and adapt to the environment

Intelligence

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The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Describes the process and stages by which human beings develop the capacity to engage in abstract symbolic thought, one of the distinguishing features of human activity

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

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The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Often contrasted with the views of

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Jerome Bruner (focus on structure and function of children’s thinking)

slide9

The Cognitive System

There are a variety of perspectives and emphases within cognitive psychology that are

currently impacting educators\' thinking about how to improve the teaching/learning process.

Often contrasted with the views of

Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Lev Vygotsky (emphasis on the social/cultural influences on children\'s thinking).

slide10

The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

Study of the process of applying our cognitive

processes to evaluating arguments (propositions) and making decisions

Critical Thinking

slide11

The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

Study of how we generate ideas and alternatives that don\'t fit the "norm"

Creative Thinking

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The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

Creative and critical thinking are often contrasted as the difference between

Thinking pattern that we use when we want to narrow down and

evaluate ideas

Convergent thinking

slide13

The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

Creative and critical thinking are often contrasted as the difference between

Thinking pattern we use when we want to expand or develop new ideas

Divergent thinking

slide14

The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

A similar comparison is between left-brain and right-brain orientations in the literature on brain lateralization dominance.

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The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

The study of how we develop knowledge about one\'s own cognitive

system

Metacognition

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The Cognitive System

Several different areas of inquiry provide an opportunity to test out these different theories.

Study methods that provide information about how we can be most effective and efficient during the process of learning

SQ3R, SQ4R,

PQ4R

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The Cognitive System

Any study of the teaching/learning process in the modern era demands a thorough study of the cognitive approach.

slide18

The Cognitive System

The presentations and materials available in the section on cognition will provide a brief overview of these different approaches to the study of this important topic.

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