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Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Asia. Tang Dynasty. 618 – 906 China has become larger than it ever had before Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and Pacific Coast…. Asia. Tributary System.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Asia

Tang Dynasty

  • 618 – 906
  • China has become larger than it ever had before
  • Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and Pacific Coast…
slide2
Asia

Tributary System

  • Tang forced many of its neighbors into a tributary system in which countries like Korea, Japan and Vietnam had to make regular monetary payments to avoid punishment…
slide3
Asia

Grand Canal

  • Built by Sui to connect the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers
  • Expanded by the Tang rulers
  • Stimulated the Chinese economy by taking advantage of the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade…
slide4
Asia

Silk Industry

  • Leading Industry of China
  • Generated particularly large profits during the Tang era with a near monopoly on world production…
slide5
Asia

Song China

  • 960 – 1279
  • Empire ruling east-central China from Yellow River in the North to the Vietnamese border in the South
  • Enjoyed steady population growth, increased urbanization, thriving trade, and cultural & technological advances
  • Witnessed the invention of gun-powder and the compass
  • Like Han & Tang, subscribed to the Mandate of Heaven
  • Used civil-service exams, relied on hierarchical doctrines of Neo-Confusiunism…
slide6
Asia

Canton

  • Under Song Empire became busiest and most cosmopolitan areas…
slide7
Asia

Kublai Khan

  • Mongol conqueror of the Song Empire
  • Grandson of Genghis Khan
  • Proclaimed the “Yuan Empire” 1271 – 1368
  • Called himself the Great Khan of the Mongols
  • Considered the first to reunify China as a single state in centuries
  • Made Yuan a great empire; rich and powerful…
slide8
Asia

Yuan Empire

  • 1271 – 1368
  • Established by Kublai Khan
  • Rebuilt China’s bureaucracy and economy
  • Repaired roads and canals, built new cities
  • Restored trade with the west…
slide9
Asia

Silk Road

  • Recovered as a vital trade route under the Yuan Empire…
slide10
Asia

Marco Polo

  • Son of Italian merchant
  • Visited Yuan China and the court of Kublai Khan in the late 1200s…
slide11
Asia

Black Death

  • China experienced it in the early 1300s
  • Responsible for killing 30-40% of China’s populationbefore spreading to the Middle East and Europe
  • AKA Bubonic Plague…
slide12
Asia

Ming Dynasty

  • 1368 – 1644
  • Established after rebellion resulting in the fall of the Yuan
  • Leader, known as Yongle, transformed Beijing into a magnificent capital by building the forbidden city as a new seat of power
  • Had a large, effective army
  • Admiral Zheng made 7 long sea voyages to SE Asia, India, Middle East, and East Africa – extracted money from weaker states…
slide13
Asia

Heian Period

  • 794 – 1185
  • Considered Japan’s classical era
  • Emperor was symbolic figurehead – lost power to Chancellor who was supposed to serve and protect Emperor
  • Fuji war clan controlled chancellor…
slide14
Asia

Shogun

  • Kept out Kublai Khans’ invasions
  • Japan fell to feudalism
  • Shared power with noble warlords
  • “Great General” held the real power…
slide15
Asia

Daimyo

  • Noble warlords who shared power with the Shogun in Feudal Japan
  • Along with Shogun belonged to warrior elite know as Samurai…
slide16
Asia

Bushido

  • Way of the warrior
  • Code of conduct of the Samurai
  • Loyalty, honor and bravery
  • Was more stringent and hierarchal than European Chivalry
  • Most extreme penalty for violating it was ritual suicide (hara-kiri)
  • Was supposed to govern the relationship between lords and vassals in the Japanese system as opposed to the more stringent system formal contracts used in medieval Europe…
slide17
Asia

Delhi Sultanate

  • Established 1206 – 1526 by Muslim invaders after disunity from 550CE when the Gupta Empire collapsed
  • Introduced India to Islam…
slide18
Asia

Timur

  • Central Asian warlord who attacked Delhi, capturing and plundering itfor a year(1328)
  • Weakened the Delhi Sultanate, resulting it succumbing to new invaders in the 1500s…
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