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Asia. Tang Dynasty. 618 – 906 China has become larger than it ever had before Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and Pacific Coast…. Asia. Tributary System.

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Tang Dynasty

  • 618 – 906

  • China has become larger than it ever had before

  • Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and Pacific Coast…


Tributary System

  • Tang forced many of its neighbors into a tributary system in which countries like Korea, Japan and Vietnam had to make regular monetary payments to avoid punishment…


Grand Canal

  • Built by Sui to connect the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers

  • Expanded by the Tang rulers

  • Stimulated the Chinese economy by taking advantage of the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade…


Silk Industry

  • Leading Industry of China

  • Generated particularly large profits during the Tang era with a near monopoly on world production…


Song China

  • 960 – 1279

  • Empire ruling east-central China from Yellow River in the North to the Vietnamese border in the South

  • Enjoyed steady population growth, increased urbanization, thriving trade, and cultural & technological advances

  • Witnessed the invention of gun-powder and the compass

  • Like Han & Tang, subscribed to the Mandate of Heaven

  • Used civil-service exams, relied on hierarchical doctrines of Neo-Confusiunism…



  • Under Song Empire became busiest and most cosmopolitan areas…


Kublai Khan

  • Mongol conqueror of the Song Empire

  • Grandson of Genghis Khan

  • Proclaimed the “Yuan Empire” 1271 – 1368

  • Called himself the Great Khan of the Mongols

  • Considered the first to reunify China as a single state in centuries

  • Made Yuan a great empire; rich and powerful…


Yuan Empire

  • 1271 – 1368

  • Established by Kublai Khan

  • Rebuilt China’s bureaucracy and economy

  • Repaired roads and canals, built new cities

  • Restored trade with the west…


Silk Road

  • Recovered as a vital trade route under the Yuan Empire…


Marco Polo

  • Son of Italian merchant

  • Visited Yuan China and the court of Kublai Khan in the late 1200s…


Black Death

  • China experienced it in the early 1300s

  • Responsible for killing 30-40% of China’s populationbefore spreading to the Middle East and Europe

  • AKA Bubonic Plague…


Ming Dynasty

  • 1368 – 1644

  • Established after rebellion resulting in the fall of the Yuan

  • Leader, known as Yongle, transformed Beijing into a magnificent capital by building the forbidden city as a new seat of power

  • Had a large, effective army

  • Admiral Zheng made 7 long sea voyages to SE Asia, India, Middle East, and East Africa – extracted money from weaker states…


Heian Period

  • 794 – 1185

  • Considered Japan’s classical era

  • Emperor was symbolic figurehead – lost power to Chancellor who was supposed to serve and protect Emperor

  • Fuji war clan controlled chancellor…



  • Kept out Kublai Khans’ invasions

  • Japan fell to feudalism

  • Shared power with noble warlords

  • “Great General” held the real power…



  • Noble warlords who shared power with the Shogun in Feudal Japan

  • Along with Shogun belonged to warrior elite know as Samurai…



  • Way of the warrior

  • Code of conduct of the Samurai

  • Loyalty, honor and bravery

  • Was more stringent and hierarchal than European Chivalry

  • Most extreme penalty for violating it was ritual suicide (hara-kiri)

  • Was supposed to govern the relationship between lords and vassals in the Japanese system as opposed to the more stringent system formal contracts used in medieval Europe…


Delhi Sultanate

  • Established 1206 – 1526 by Muslim invaders after disunity from 550CE when the Gupta Empire collapsed

  • Introduced India to Islam…



  • Central Asian warlord who attacked Delhi, capturing and plundering itfor a year(1328)

  • Weakened the Delhi Sultanate, resulting it succumbing to new invaders in the 1500s…