Tribhuwan University Department of Conflict, Peace and Development Studies. CPDS 5331: Development Studies. Unit IV: Development and Peacebuilding Nexus (1 st Seminar : 19 January 2014). Development and Peacebuilding Nexus.
CPDS 5331: Development Studies
Unit IV: Development and Peacebuilding Nexus
(1st Seminar : 19 January 2014)
It is very obvious that development and peacebuilding are two parts of a same coin; they are interlinked and go simultaneously.
Whereas development fosters peacebuilding process and vice-versa, violence festers development process by restricting human beings from attaining their basic needs namely: survival, well-being, identity, and freedom needs.(Galtung:1996).
(A Typology of Violence: Galtung 1996 : 197)
Countries suffering from conflicts have been unable to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
Of the countries with infant mortality greater than 100 per 1,000 in 1990, those not affected by conflict have reduced infant mortality by 31 percent—while fragile and conflict-affected states reduced it by only 19 percent (World Bank 2011: 63).
Major violence over the period from 1981 to 2005 has a poverty rate 21 percentage points higher than a country that saw no violence (World Bank 2011: 5)
Violence has a severe impact on national economy. People suffer from unemployment; investors do not take risk to invest.
Violence has a severe impact on national economy; it has an unimaginable monetary costs.
To break cycles of insecurity and reduce the risk of their recurrence, national reformers and their international partners need to build the legitimate institutions that can provide a sustained level of citizen security, justice, and jobs . (World Bank 2011: 8)
Sen, Amartya (1999) Development and Freedom, New York: Oxford University Press