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Bucharest the capital of Romania. Dr. Adina Ionescu The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion. Disclaimer: “This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author,

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Bucharest the capital of romania

Bucharest the capital of Romania

Dr. Adina Ionescu

The Romanian Foundation for Quality Promotion

Disclaimer: “This project has been fundedwith support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author,

and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.”


General information about romania
General information about Romania

  • Area: 237 687 sq. km

  • Capital: Bucharest

  • President: Traian Basescu

  • Population: 22.305.552



Bucharest1
Bucharest

  • Nickname: Little Paris, Paris of the East

  • County: Municipality of Bucharest

  • Founded: 1459 (first official record)

  • Area: 228 sq. km


Bucharest2
Bucharest

  • Etymology - The name of Bucharest (Bucuresti) resembles the Romanian word “bucurie” (happiness);

  • Location:

    - situated on the banks of the Dambovita river which flows into the Arges river, a tributary of the Danube;

    - situated in the south east corner of the Romanian plain;

  • Climate: continental climate, characterized by hot dry summers and cold winters.


Bucharest3
Bucharest

  • Bucharest is traditional considered to have seven hills: Mihai Voda, Patriarchy Hill, Radu Voda, Cotroceni, Spirei, Vacaresti and Sf. Gheorghe;

  • The city government – headed by the General Mayor (Sorin Oprescu);

  • The city is divided in six administrative sectors, each of which has their own sectorial council, town hall and mayor.




The palace of the parliament
The Palace of the Parliament

  • The Palace of the Parliament was built in the 1980s during the reign of Communist president Nicolae Ceausescu.

  • The Palace of the Parliament is the largest building in Europe and the second largest administrative building in the world after the Pentagon;

  • The Palace of the Parliament includes the Chamber of Deputies and Senate as well as the National Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • The National Museum of Contemporary Art is located in a new glass wing of the Palace.







Triumphal arch1
Triumphal Arch

  • The first, wooden, triumphal arch was built in 1878, after Romania gained its independence, so that the victorious troops could march under it;

  • Another temporary arch was built on the same site, in 1922, after World War I, which was demolished in 1935 to make way for the current triumphal arch, which was inaugurated in September 1936.

  • The current arch has a height of 27 meters and was modelled after the Arc de Triomphe from Paris.


The memorial of rebirth
The Memorial of Rebirth

  • The Memorial of Rebirth is a memorial that commemorates the struggles and victims of the Romanian Revolution of 1989, which overthrew Communism;

  • The memorial complex was inaugurated in August 2005 in Revolution Square;

  • The monument is a stylised marble pillar of 25 meter high surrounded by a 600 m² plaza covered by marble and granite.



The names of the people who were killed during the revolution are inscribed on the plaques
The names of the people who were killed during the revolution are inscribed on the plaques


A sculpture lies near the pillar
A sculpture lies near the pillar revolution are inscribed on the plaques


Wreaths at the base of the memorial
Wreaths at the base of the Memorial revolution are inscribed on the plaques


The national museum of art of romania
The National Museum of Art of Romania revolution are inscribed on the plaques


The national museum of art of romania1
The National Museum of Art of Romania revolution are inscribed on the plaques

  • The National Museum of Art of Romania is located in the former royal palace in Revolution Square completed in 1937.

  • It features notable collections of medieval and modern Romanian art, as well as the international collection assembled by the Romanian royal family.

  • The museum was damaged during the 1989 Romanian Revolution. The museum was restored and opened to the public in the year 2000.


Romanian athenaeum
Romanian Athenaeum revolution are inscribed on the plaques


Romanian athenaeum1
Romanian Athenaeum revolution are inscribed on the plaques

  • The Romanian Athenaeum is a concert hall in the center of Bucharest;

  • Opened in 1888, the ornate, domed, circular building is the city's main concert hall and the home of the "George Enescu" Philharmonic;

  • It is the home of an annual international music festival also named after George Enescu.

  • The building was designed by the French architect Albert Galleron. The overall style is neoclassical, with some more romantic touches.

  • In front, there is a statue of Romanian poet Mihai Eminescu.


Cotroceni palace
Cotroceni Palace revolution are inscribed on the plaques

  • Cotroceni Palaceis a palace of Bucharest, which is the residence of the President of Romania;

  • On Cotroceni hill, in 1679 Serban Cantacuzino built a monastery and this was the place where a palace was built by French architect Paul Gottereau for King Carol I of Romania in 1888.

  • In 1977, Nicolae Ceausescu made the palace a guest house. The old church of Cantacuzino was demolished in 1985.

  • Since 1991, it has been the residence of the Romanian President; also the National Cotroceni Museum is open to the public.


Inside the cotroceni palace
Inside the Cotroceni Palace revolution are inscribed on the plaques


Bucharest the capital of romania

Cotroceni Palace revolution are inscribed on the plaques


The old princely court
The Old Princely Court revolution are inscribed on the plaques

  • The Old Princely Court was a residence of the Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler;

  • First mentioned “the Citadel of Bucharest” in 1459, Bucharest was established as the summer residence of the court competing with Targoviste for the status of capital;

  • In the 15-th century, Wallachian capital has been moved to Bucharest.



I l caragiale national theater
I.L. Caragiale National AgesTheater

  • The theater was inaugurated in 1852;

  • The building was built in the baroque style, with 338 stalls on the main floor, three levels of loges, a luxurious foyer with staircases of Carrara marble and a large gallery in which students could attend free of charge.


The village museum
The Village Museum Ages

  • It was created in 1936

  • It is an open-air ethnographic museum located in the Herastrau Park

  • The museum extends to over 100,000 sq. meters, and contains 272 old authentic peasant farms and houses from all over Romania.


Herastrau park
Herastrau Park Ages

  • It is a large park on the northern side of Bucharest around the Herastrau lake.

  • The park has an area of about 1.1 km², of which 0.7 km² is the lake.

  • The park is divided into two zones: a rustic or natural zone (the Village Museum), which is left more or less undisturbed, and a public/'active' domain with open areas for recreation activities.


Cre ulescu palace
Creţulescu Palace Ages

It has been builtat the beginning of the 20th century, by Romanian arhitect Petre Antonescu.

Since 1972, it houses the headquarters of UNESCO’s European Centre for Higher Education.


The university of bucharest
The University of Bucharest Ages

  • The University of Bucharest was created in 1864 by Prince Alexander John Cuza.

  • The area around the old University building was the scene of many riots, protests and clashes with the security forces during the Romanian Revolution of 1989.


The opera house
The Opera House Ages

  • The Opera House opened in 1954 with a capacity of 1200 seats.

  • A classic repertoire including Mozart, Wagner, Verdi, Rossini, Puccini, Enescu is maintained at the Opera House.


Reference
Reference Ages

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki.Bucharest

  • http://www.googleglobe.com/index.php?Romania

  • http://www.romaniatourism.com/bucharest.html



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