Technical aspects of Animal Husbandry Schemes
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Technical aspects of Animal Husbandry Schemes. NABARD Maharashtra RO. Structure of the sessions. Technical aspects of dairy farming Technical aspects of poultry layer and broiler farming A case study on CB cow unit A case study on layer farm

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Technical aspects of animal husbandry schemes

Technical aspects of Animal Husbandry Schemes

NABARD Maharashtra RO


Structure of the sessions

Structure of the sessions

  • Technical aspects of dairy farming

  • Technical aspects of poultry layer and

  • broiler farming

  • A case study on CB cow unit

  • A case study on layer farm

  • A case study on broiler farm


Basics of livestock rearing

Basics of livestock rearing


Technical aspects of dairy farming

Technical aspects of Dairy farming

  • Availability of good quality milch animals

  • Protection from inclement weather conditions

  • Farm equipments

  • Water and electricity supply

  • Feed and fodder resources

  • Breeding / veterinary facilities and management of dairy farm

  • Marketing potential and infrastructure


Good quality milch animals

Good quality milch animals

  • Type of milch animals

  • Seasonality influences

  • Stage of lactation

  • Best time to purchase

  • Rationale for Purchasing animals in batches

  • Average yield of milch animals


Good quality milch animals contd

Good quality milch animals contd…

  • Lactation period and dry period

  • Lactation chart

  • Conception rate and calving interval

  • Mortality and replacement

  • Herd projection chart

  • Cost of milch animals

  • Insurance of milch animals


Dairy farm location and sheds

Dairy farm location and sheds

  • Location and protection of site

  • Various types of sheds

  • Space requirement – covered and open

  • Design of sheds and orientation

  • Civil structures other than sheds

  • Drawings and designs

  • Cost of construction


Dairy farm equipment

Dairy farm equipment

  • General equipment:

    • Feed and water troughs

    • Milk pails, milk cans and chains

    • Chaff cutters / fodder farm implements

  • Specific equipment:

    • Milking machines / milking parlours

    • Cooling systems: sprinklers, foggers and fans etc.

    • Bulk milk coolers

  • Bore well, motors, storage tanks, pipelines, generator etc.

  • Cost estimates


Feed and fodder resources

Feed and fodder resources

  • Different types of fodders

  • Key input is concentrate feed

  • Green fodder cultivation in case of commercial farms

  • Feed requirement for different stages of lactation cycle

  • Fodder requirement

  • Prices of feed and fodders


Breeding and veterinary facilities

Breeding and veterinary facilities

  • Availability and Quality of services

  • AI services for CB cow farms

  • For commercial farms: availability and hiring of veterinary doctors

  • Management : Dairy framer experience or hiring of professionals

  • Availability of labour

  • Cost of such services


Marketing potential and infrastructure

Marketing potential and infrastructure

  • Macro level marketing potential

    • Demand and supply

    • Milk processing infrastructure

    • Milk pricing

  • Micro level marketing facilities

    • Milk collection centers

    • Transparent procurement process

    • Quality maintenance at procurement centre

    • Milk routes and transportation facilities


Technical aspects of poultry farming

Technical aspects of Poultry farming

  • Availability of day old chicks

  • Rearing systems and practices

  • Location of farm and sheds

  • Equipments

  • Availability of quality poultry feeds

  • Water and electricity supply

  • Veterinary services

  • Management of poultry farms

  • Marketing of poultry produce


Good quality day old chicks

Good quality day old chicks

  • Reputed hatcheries along with after sales services

  • Timely and regular supply

  • Supply of additional chicks to compensate weaklings

  • Additional purchases to cover mortality

  • Cost of chicks

  • Insurance of birds


Rearing systems and practices

Rearing systems and practices

  • Cages v/s deep litter

  • Brooding, growing and laying stages in case of commercial layer farms

  • Brooding / starter and finisher stages in case of broiler farming

  • Different housing schedules

  • Introduction of birds in batches

  • Flock charts


Poultry farm location and sheds

Poultry farm location and sheds

  • Locational biosecurity:

    • Away from dwellings and other poultry farms

    • Various types of sheds : spacing between different sectors and sheds

  • Structural biosecurity

    • Space requirement

    • Design of sheds, foot baths, overhang, rat proofing and orientation

  • Civil structures other than sheds

  • Drawings and designs

  • Cost of construction


Poultry farm equipment

Poultry farm equipment

  • General equipment:

    • Cages, brooders, feeders, waterers and de-beaker

    • Egg trays and transport cages

    • Blow lamp, foggers and fans

  • Specific equipment:

    • Automatic feeding and watering systems

    • Environment control systems

  • Bore well, motors, storage tanks, pipelines, generator etc.

  • Cost estimates


Veterinary services

Veterinary services

  • Adherence to vaccination schedules

  • Periodical checkup of birds and isolation of sick birds under veterinarian supervision

  • Incineration of dead birds

  • Management : Poultry framer experience or hiring of professionals

  • Availability of labour

  • Cost of such services


Marketing potential and infrastructure1

Marketing potential and infrastructure

  • Macro level marketing potential

    • Demand and supply

    • Poultry products processing facilities

    • Pricing mechanisms

  • Micro level marketing facilities

    • Contract farming arrangements

    • Support from integrators

    • Local retail marketing infrastructure

    • Logistic support : distant market places


Technical aspects of animal husbandry schemes

Thank you

Dr. D. Ravindra

Asst. General Manager


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