April 18 2011 note our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on hiv aids
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April 18, 2011 NOTE: Our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on HIV/AIDS. NURS 330 Human Reproductive Health. Office Hours Mondays, 5:30pm – 6pm ST 424 Essay Topics Submit for review on 4/18/11 & 4/25/11 Essay due on turnitin.com on 5/2/11 by midnight .

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April 18, 2011 NOTE: Our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on HIV/AIDS

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April 18, 2011NOTE: Our guest speaker will bring handouts for the lecture on HIV/AIDS

NURS 330

Human Reproductive Health


  • Office Hours

    • Mondays, 5:30pm – 6pm

    • ST 424

  • Essay Topics

    • Submit for review on 4/18/11 & 4/25/11

    • Essay due on turnitin.com on 5/2/11 by midnight.

    • Hard copy + article due in class on 5/9/11

      • Essay submitted to turnitin must be the same one submitted in class on 5/9/11. No modifications allowed.

  • Turnitin.com

    • Course ID: 3734705

    • Password: NURS330

  • Mid-term

    • Monday, 4/25/11


What Are STDs?

  • Sexually – relating to having sex, personal intimate contact (e.g., rubbing of genitals, masturbating a partner), etc.

  • Transmitted – passed by means of, spread by

  • Disease – being sick (with or without symptoms), body not working properly

    So, an STD = a disease/infection you can get from or give to someone else by having oral, vaginal, or anal sex or other intimate contact with him/her.

    Source: Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health, STD Program


Health Consequences of STDs

  • Various Cancers

  • Infertility

  • Ectopic pregnancy

  • Miscarriage

  • Persistent pain

  • Death

  • Other chronic conditions or illnesses


STDs in the United States

  • The CDC estimates that there are approximately 19 million new cases each year in the US 1

  • There are an estimated 65 million people in the US living with a viral STD 2

  • More than half of all people will have an STD/STI at some point in their lifetime. 2

  • One in two sexually active persons will contact an STD/STI by age 25. 2

  • The cost of STDs to the U.S. health care system is estimated to be as much as $15.9 billion annually 1

    1 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cdc.gov

    2 Source: American Social Health Association, www.ashastd.org


Source: Los Angeles County Dept of Public Health, STD Program


CHLAMYDIA

Risk factors:

Unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex


GONORRHEA

Risk factors:

Unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex


SYPHILIS

Oral, vaginal or anal sex (protected or unprotected)


Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

Vaginal or anal sex

(protected or unprotected)


Pap Smears

  • Screens for pre-cancerous cells in cervix

  • When to start

    • 3 years after sexual debut or at age 21, whichever comes first

    • Remember, you do NOT have to sexually active to get a pap smear

  • Does not necessarily test for STDs

    • You have to ask for specific STD tests

    • It is important to be your own health advocate

  • How often should I get pap smears?

    • It varies, depending on your pap results

    • Your doctor or nurse will let you know


HPV Vaccine

  • Vaccine

    • Gardasil® by Merck approved in 2006

      • Provides protection against four HPV types which together cause 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts

      • Three shots over six-month period Licensed for use in girls/women 9-26 years old

      • In October 2009, FDA approved for use in boys/men 9-26 years old

    • Another HPV vaccine by GSK currently in final stages of development

      • Would provide protection against two HPV types that cause most (70%) cervical cancers


HERPES

Risk Factors:

Oral, vaginal or anal sex (protected or unprotected)


HEPATITIS B

Risk factors:

Unprotected sex, sharing needles, tattoos, sharing household items such as razors, toothbrushes


STD Prevention Review

  • Use latex or polyurethane condoms (male or female) and barriers as much as possible

  • Water-based lubricants

    • Reduces friction

  • Get tested regularly

  • Reduce number of sex partners

  • Reduce frequency of risky situations

  • Spectrum of sexual risk, depending on the STD

    • e.g., oral sex may be considered low risk for HIV but not for syphilis

  • Abstinence

  • Talk to partners

  • Vaccines - Hepatitis B, HPV

  • Get to know your bodies!


April 25, 2011

  • Mid-Term Exam

    • Covers Topics 1 - 7 (pages 1 - 90)

    • You are responsible for reading all reading assignments and obtaining lecture handouts and notes.

    • 50 questions; multiple choice, T/F ( 2 points each)

    • Study Guide will be posted on course website

    • Scantron 882 needed


Prep for In-Class Assignment

Separate sheet of paper

Write your Name, Date and In-class Assignment #

Write legibly

Use blue or black ink

Questions will be asked in class

Must turn in your assignment to the instructor


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