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Providing Agriculture with Access to the Carbon Markets: American Carbon Registry Agriculture and Carbon Markets: Making Carbon Count June 10, 2010 Davis, California. American Carbon Registry. First and largest U.S. private voluntary GHG registry

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Providing Agriculture with Access to the Carbon Markets: American Carbon Registry

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Providing agriculture with access to the carbon markets american carbon registry

Providing Agriculture with Access to the Carbon Markets:

American Carbon Registry

Agriculture and Carbon Markets: Making Carbon Count

June 10, 2010

Davis, California


American carbon registry

American Carbon Registry

  • First and largest U.S. private voluntary GHG registry

    • Founded 1997 by Environmental Defense Fund and Environmental Resources Trust

    • Over 30 million tons issued to date

    • 2008: most widely used voluntary registry in the world (State of the Voluntary Carbon Market 2009)

  • Established industry standard for transparent on-line reporting and serialization of verified project-based offsets

  • Joined Winrock International in 2007

  • Project types:

    • Forestry (AR, IFM, REDD), livestock manure, landfill gas, wastewater treatment, Carbon Capture & Storage, industrial gas substitution, fugitive methane in oil & gas sector, truck stop idling


Winrock carbon expertise

Winrock carbon expertise

  • Internationally recognized team of AFOLU carbon experts

    • Nobel prize winners for IPCC contributions

    • Member of CDM EB Afforestation/Reforestation Working Group

    • Former Board member now Executive Secretary of UNFCCC

  • Terrestrial carbon analyses, methodologies, protocols, methods manuals for –

    • USDA, U.S. Forest Service, USDOE 1605(b)

    • Two DOE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships

    • USAID, World Bank, International Tropical Timber Organization

    • EPRI and electric utilities

    • Methodologies for CCAR, VCS, ACR, CCBA, RGGI

  • For USEPA:

    • Scoping and ranking AFOLU GHG mitigation activities

    • Developing new Climate Leaders methodologies


Protocol development process

Protocol Development Process

  • ACR publishes general and sector-specific standards

  • Flexibility in methodology choice

    • Use ACR-published methodology

    • Use approved CDM methodology

    • Propose/modify existing methodology

    • Submit new methodology for approval

  • Public consultation and anonymous scientific peer review of all standards and methodologies

    • Shortest time to market and lowest cost

    • Emphasis on scientific rigor

    • Balance environmental integrity with commercial flexibility


Recent and forthcoming standards methodologies and tools

Recent and Forthcoming Standards, Methodologies and Tools


N 2 o from fertilizer in the u s

N2O from Fertilizer in the U.S.

  • Analysis of 129m acres wheat, corn and cotton in 31 states

    • 6.2m tonnes of nitrogen applied

    • 3 fertilizer types

  • Modified Bouwman model:

    • Fertilizer quantity, type, soil texture and drainage, pH soil carbon concentration used to predict N2O emissions

  • 61m tonnes CO2e emissions

    • 70% corn, 25% wheat, 5% cotton

  • 0.12 - 1.45 tCO2e ac-1yr-1


County level emissions from anhydrous ammonia tco 2 e acre yr

County-level emissions from anhydrous ammonia (tCO2e/acre-yr)

Cotton

Corn

Wheat


N 2 o methodology development

N2O Methodology Development

  • Phase I: simplified Bouwman methodology

    • Fertilizer type, soil carbon concentration, drainage, pH, soil texture, crop type

    • Test sites in AR (cotton), IA (corn), CA (lettuce)

    • Improvement on IPCC Tier 1; insufficient for seasonal variations

  • Phase II: highly parameterized, calibrated model

    • Examine changes in fertilizer type, quantity, timing, placement

    • No decrease in yield

    • Accounts for site-specific and temporal factors

    • Direct N2O emissions from fertilizer, and indirect emissions from nitrate leaching and ammonia volatilization, estimated for baseline and project scenario

    • Data-intensive but rigorous results; cost-effective for aggregated projects


Future work in ag space

Future Work in Ag Space

  • Improved Grazing Land Management

    • Soil carbon enhancement, enteric methane, manure management

  • Agricultural soil carbon enhancement

  • Reducing N2O emissions from poultry operations in Arkansas

  • Reducing CH4 emissions from rice operations in Arkansas

  • Possible rangeland and agricultural methodologies in Australia

  • China: enhancing grassland productivity and reducing livestock methane emissions


Further information

Further Information

Nicholas Martin

Chief Technical Officer, American Carbon Registry

[email protected]

www.americancarbonregistry.org

(703) 842-9500


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