Prehistoric Human Society of Oklahoma:. I.Paleo-Indians 30,000-15,000 B.C. II.Big-Game Hunters 25,000- 5,000 B.C. III.Foragers 5,000 B.C.- 1 A.D. IV. Early Farmers 1-1,000 A.D. V. Golden Age of Prehistory A. Plains Village Farmers 800-1400 B. Caddon Mound Builders 1,000-1500 .
Chapter 4 The First People
1300- Wichita’s occupy much of central Oklahoma
1700- Plains Apaches arrive on the Southern Plains
1725- Comanches control western Oklahoma
1750- Osages move into eastern Oklahoma from Missouri
Wichita's were the first people of Oklahoma. The Wichita’s descended from the Plains Village Farmers.
The Wichita’s mainly farmed, but for six weeks the entire village left to hunt buffalo.
Economy was good because of hunting and farming.
They Seldom suffered from lack of food…
Lived in small villages
Generally fought wars for revenge, not conquest
Captives were treated cruel, sometimes eaten
In 15th century, other Indians began to move into Oklahoma.
Traced family heritage through the women
Each house was 10-12 persons the wife mother, and sisters, husbands, kids etc.
For advice boys went to their mothers brother not their own DAD.
Children always took there mothers clan
Creative forces in the universe directed the destiny of individuals and tribes.
The “Corn Dance”-
Took place when corn crop ripened in the summer.
Tribal members fasted and cleansed in preparation
Started with the lighting of the fire, the old fire had become polluted as people broke the rules of the village.
500 years Later the Apaches moved into the western part of Oklahoma in search of buffalo.
The Lipan Apaches were caused to move their villages to Texas because of warfare.
The Kiowa Apaches remained in Oklahoma
Comanches became masters of the Southern Plains because of their horsemanship.
In the 1740’s, Comanches and Wichita's agreed to a truce that brought peace for both.
Later, the Comanches moved south and the Osages gained control of the Wichita's homeland by constant warfare that lasted a century.
By 1800- All Wichita's left Oklahoma