Land governance and the securing of rights in developing countries. The White Paper of French Development cooperation. Objective.
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Land governance and the securing of rights in developing countries
The White Paper of French Development cooperation
The White Paper content
Potentially competing functions:
Hence the need for coordination and arbitration:
The White Paper briefly reviews land policies from the late 20th century.
This raises the issue of land policies that can meet the challenges of the 21st century.
Beyond the still intense debates between an initial approach placing the emphasis on the integration of different rights systems into a single private ownership system guaranteed by the State, and the unification of land markets, and a second approach geared towards social and economic integration, as well as recognition of jurisdictional pluralism, some consensus has now been reached with regard to a number of areas of intervention:
A second consensus has emerged around key principles for the commitments of financial backers (European Union guidelines).
The White Paper proposes several additional principles:
The White Paper identifies a number of strengths in French cooperation action: recognising the diversity of situations and land standards; implementing actions that correspond to a country’s socio-economic context; supporting the gestation of political decisions by promoting inclusive approaches, working in coordination with other financial backers.
Better explained, these main areas of strength could form the foundations of a future strategic guidance documentplacing the emphasis on promoting democratic land governance and increasing the security of stakeholder rights by supporting the national processes of public debate and developing and negotiating the implementation of inclusive and effective land management policies.
Finally, the White Paper proposes that French cooperation should:
and proposes the creation of an informal discussion and information group at European Union level.
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