Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations
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GEO Biodiversity Observation Network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations. Bob Scholes 1 and Rob Jongman 2 GEO BON chair Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa GEOBON SC ; Aterra , Wageingen UR.

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GEO Biodiversity Observation Network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

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Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

GEO Biodiversity Observation Networkand its contribution to global biodiversity observations

Bob Scholes1 and Rob Jongman2

GEO BON chair Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa

GEOBON SC; Aterra, Wageingen UR


Group on earth observations biodiversity observation network

Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network

A global partnership to promote the collection, sharing, management, analysis and & reporting of data relating to the status of the world’s biodiversity, across all taxa and domains, for all aspects of biodiversity at the gene, species and ecosystem levels

Members of the network include most major international biodiversity-oriented organisations (such as IUCN, GBIF, Diversitas, UNEP-WCMC, UN-CBD), space agencies, regional sub-networks (Asia-Pacific, Arctic, Japan)


What does geo bon do

What does GEO BON do?

GEO BON adds value to on-going biodiversity observation by:

  • Providing a global, scientifically robust framework for observations on the detection of biodiversity change (GBIF, GTOS, UNEP-WCMC, UNESCO-MAB, IUCN etc.)

  • Coordinating the data gathering and the delivery of information through establishing standards and interoperability

  • Providing a set of innovative and relevant global products

  • Advocating long term continuity of data supply (moving observations from the experimental to operational spheres) and data sharing


What does geo bon do1

What does GEO BON do?

  • Provide a global, scientifically robust framework for observations relating to the detection of biodiversity change

  • Through partnerships, help coordinate data gathering and the delivery of information according to user needs

  • Advocate long term continuity of data supply

  • Stimulate the development of a set of innovative and relevant global products


Where geobon fits in

Where GEOBON fits in

Tallis et al 2012 Bioscience 62,977-986


A brief history of geo bon

A brief history of GEO BON…

  • 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development

  • 2003 Group on Earth Observations formed

    • USA, EU, Japan and South Africa co-chairs

  • 2005 GEO establishes GEOSS

    • Task BI-07-01(Biodiversity Observation Network Design) assigned to DIVERSITAS and US-NASA

GEOBON


Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

…brief history, continued

  • 2006 User Needs workshop, Geneva 23-25 Oct

  • 2008 Interim committee convened 14-16 Jan

    • GEO BON concept document produced

    • Potsdam meeting of stakeholders

  • 2008 GEO Ministerial in Budapest approves concept

  • 2009 GEO BON Steering Group meets, June

  • 2010 Working Groups draft Implementation Plan Asilomar, February (presented at SBSTTA 14)

  • 2010 Tasked by Convention on Biological Diversity to assess adequacy of observation systems for 2020 targets


Current working groups

Current working groups

Models WG 7

Indicators WG 9 (Biodiversity Indicator Partnership)

Regional

BONs

J-BON (Japan), EBONE (European Union),

AP BON (Asia–Pacific),

French BON,

Arctic BON, K-BON? (Korea)

Terrestrial

Freshwater

Marine

WG 5

Ecosystems

WG3

WG 4

Species

WG2

Genes WG1

Ecosystem services WG 6

Data Integration and Operability WG 8


Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

Integrated biodiversity observation system

(Science 321:1044-1045; 22/08/08)


Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

GEOBON

GEO

Field observation

Geolocation

Timestamp

Unique ID

Quantity

Observer, method

Community

Geolocation

Timestamp

Unique ID Amount

Unique IDn Amountn

Ecosystem

Geolocation

Timestamp

Attribute1..expression 1

Attributen…expressionn

Gazeteer

Geolocation

Placename

GEO

GBIF

Interactions

Unique ID1

Relationship

Unique ID2

Taxonomy

Unique ID

Species

Genus

Family

…etc

Registry

Unique ID

Binomial

Authority

Traits

Unique ID

Attribute 1 expression 1

Attribute 2 expression 2

GEOBON

GBIF

TRY

GBIF

Collection

Unique ID

Geolocation

Timestamp

Collection record

IUCN

Status

Unique ID

Treat level

GBIF

Environment

Geolocation

Timestamp

Substrate/medium

Climate

Protected Areas

Geolocation

Timestamp

Category

Genome

Unique ID

Geolocation

Datestamp

Gene1…Sequence 1

Genen…Sequence n

Utilisation

Unique ID

Geolocation

Timestamp

Harvest amount

GEO

WCMC

FAO

GenBank

Scholes et al 2012 Current Opinions in Sustainability


Gaps in biodiversity monitoring

Gaps in biodiversity monitoring

Living Planet Index Populations


In service of users

In service of users

CEOPS report

A formal process requested by the space agencies

to elicit from experts and the literature the stated

earth observation needs for biodiversity, particularly

with respect to remote sensing

Accepted February 2012

http://sbageotask.larc.nasa.gov/biodiversity.html

Adequacy Report

For UN-CBD 2020

www.earthobservations.org/geobon_docs.shtml


Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

State of the World’s Wetlands Reports

GWOS: an example of a topical BON

Our role is bringing stakeholders together

GWOS

Watershed

Health Index

Wetland map


A geobon innovation essential biodiversity variables

A GEOBON innovation:Essential Biodiversity Variables

  • A relatively small number of variables (~30) are foundational for many user communities

    • operational indicators for the CBD 2020 targets

    • As yet unspecified IPBES needs

    • RAMSAR, CMS, CCD, UNFCCC…

    • Researchers

    • Conservation agencies and organisations

    • Development agencies

  • Each ‘essential variable’ talks to multiple indicators and targets and most indicators and targets are informed by multiple essential variables

  • These variables must be consistently monitored and reported and contribute towards assessing both national and global targets

Periera et al (in review) Science


Geo biodiversity observation network and its contribution to global biodiversity observations

EBV primary

EBV-related

Remote Sensing

Key indicator

EBV

derived

Decision support

Protection

success

Natural

Capital

Examples of use

Evolutionary distinctiveness

Phylogenetic

diversity

Species

richness & equity

Status of species

Status of ecosystems

Species

distribution

Extent of ecosystem

Fragmentation

Gene beta

Co-ancestry

F ST

Trait frequency

Functional

types

Composition

by FT

ES yield

Protected

area

Allellic richness

Hetero-zygosity

Composition

by species

Height & cover

Phenometrics

Disturb

regime

Essential Biodiv Variables

NPP

Taxonomy

Presence & abundance of species

ES use & price

Alleles of a gene

Traits

Land use

LIDAR

Radar

Spectral reflectance over time

Hi-res

imagery


Aichi targets ebvs and geo

AICHI Targets, EBVs and GEO


The geobon handbook

The GEOBON Handbook

  • Book-length manual, due 2013, on networking, data collection, sharing and analysis in the biodiversity area

  • Helps meet our harmonisation & interoperability mandate

  • In demand from countries, regional and topical BONs


Biodiversity and ecosystems sbas are closely linked

Biodiversity and Ecosystems SBAsare closely linked


What geobon needs

What GEOBON needs

  • A concerted effort to implement the plan by 2015

    • Global Biodiversity Observation Initiative

    • Support by countries for data sharing and gap filling

      • Within their own territory

      • Shared international efforts

    • Much tighter integration within GEO between Biodiversity, Ecosystems, Agriculture (GLAM), Global Forest Observation Initiative, climate and Water SBAs


Bscholes@csir co za rob jongman@wur edu nl gsarantakos@geosec org

http://www.earthobservations.org/geobon.shtml

[email protected]@[email protected]


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