Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport combining multiple sources of information
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Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport - combining multiple sources of information . Markus Pöllänen & Heikki Liimatainen Tampere University of Technology, Finland. Background Road freight transport and CO 2 emissions.

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Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport combining multiple sources of information

Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport - combining multiple sources of information

Markus Pöllänen & Heikki Liimatainen

Tampere University of Technology, Finland


Background road freight transport and co 2 emissions

Background Road freight transport and CO2 emissions

  • Sustainability of road freight transport is discussed here especially in regard to CO2 emissions

  • In Europe, transport has been recognised to be a sector which is growing in terms of CO2 emissions - unlike other sectors

  • There are currently no viable alternatives to fossil fuels in large extent in road freight transport

  • The demand for transport is expected to grow substantially


The kuljetus project several methods utilised how to combine the data and information produced

The KULJETUS-projectSeveral methods utilised - how to combine the data and information produced?

The aim in the project is to sketch futures of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions in Finnish road freight transport until 2016 and 2030

  • Literature survey

  • 191 relevant reports and articles found

  • Web-survey for hauliers

  • 295 accepted answers (9.3 %)

  • Delphi study

  • panel consisting of 28 willing hauliers and appr. 30 other experts

  • Workshop 1

  • 14 experts

  • Workshop 2

  • 8 experts

Workshop 3

11/2010 12/2010 1/2011 2/2011 3/2011 4/2011 5/2011 6/2011 7/2011 8/2011 9/2011 10/2011 11/2011 12/2011

  • Statistical methods

  • Trend extrapolation

  • data from 1995-2009

  • some 10-15 000 individual trips/year

  • Statistical methods

  • Branch-level analysis

  • 9 branches

Statistical methods

Data 2010 - update to the analysis

Final results

In addition steering group and internal research group meetings

(TUT & University of Turku, Finland & Heriott-Watt University, UK)


The context for the analysis

The context for the analysis

  • There is a widely adopted framework for analysing the CO2 emissions of road freight transport

  • There are several classifications by which the futures research methods have been grouped

  • The question discussed here is with which methods and especially what kind of information considering the future development can be gathered to support making sensible forecasts of the CO2 emissions of road freight transport

  • Two timeframes: up to the year 2016 and 2030


The framework for analysing the co 2 emissions of road freight transport

The framework for analysing the CO2 emissions of road freight transport


The foresight diamond by r popper

The foresight diamond by R. Popper


The framework for evaluation and organising of futures research methods by mika aaltonen

The framework for evaluation and organising of futures research methods by Mika Aaltonen

Not widely adopted nor used, thus a big potential

Well known, relatively easy to use


Aspects related to different methods and data the role of the literature survey and scenarios

Aspects related to different methods and dataThe role of the literature survey and scenarios

  • The literature survey formed the base for the selection of methods in the KULJETUS-project

    • Methods are easier to implement when there are already forerunners - yet the results are usually not comparable because of national special characteristics

  • Here the scenarios are the way to gather and present the results - the information and data produced by different methods, in co-operation with the policy makers and implementers


Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport combining multiple sources of information

Aspects related to different methods and dataStatistical modelling and trend extrapolation, “pure engineering approach”

  • There should be at least two times more historical data than the extrapolated period is (May 1996)

  • For Finland, there is comparable data from 1995 (i.e. 15 years), so the shorter timeframe (5 years) meets the rule, but not the longer timeframe (20 years)

  • Trend extrapolations don’t hold for longer time periods as we cannot assume the same trends and their same effects to continue far to the future

  • The quality of data does not enable high-detail analysis and constrains the extrapolations since the data is based on sampling

  • Data considering some aspects in the framework is not available, e.g. the tyres used


Analysing the sustainability of road freight transport combining multiple sources of information

Aspects related to different methods and dataExpert methods: Web-survey for hauliers, Delphi and workshops

  • One-way information flow in the web-survey

    • Partly supporting the statistical analyses

  • Controlled, two-way flow of information in the Delphi study (2 rounds)

    • Special emphasis on the arguments and reasoning, not only the development of the key ratios in the framework

  • Free, two-way flow of information in the workshop discussions, even though the workshops are structured

  • Partly the same experts in the different methods


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Making sensible forecasts by combining the information and data gathered by different methods

    • Analysing which results are supported by different types of reasoning (e.g. statistical trends, hauliers’ survey, experts in the Delphi panel)

    • Short term projections are possible by statistical trend extrapolation, long-term with several other methods

  • The KULJETUS-project will be completed in the end of 2011

    • Afterwards analysing also the results produced with different methods

    • One last goal in the project is to connect possible actions of different decision-makers


We invite questions and comments

We invite questions and comments!

[email protected]

[email protected]


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