THE LAW Existing rules and new challenges. Workshop on Submarine Cables for Ocean/Climate Monitoring and Disaster Warning. Outline. The laying of submarine cables: a traditional use of the seas Legal framework: The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
Workshop on Submarine Cables for Ocean/Climate Monitoring and Disaster Warning
At the same time, the national legislation of a small number of States adopts permits requirements for the conduct of surveys and/or the laying of submarine cables on the continental shelf.
Finally, some States claim that cable route surveys fall within the notion of “marine scientific research” (MSR) and thus under Part XIII of UNCLOS and the consent regime of the coastal State
Second, an equally important issue is that of “accessibility” and “availability” of data. Will all data be freely accessible or should there be exceptions, i.e. for national security reasons or for being related to the exploration and the exploitation of the continental shelf?
All these questions wait for an answer before the elaboration and effective implementation of a cabled real-time global climate and disaster monitoring system