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ОСНОВНА СХЕМА НА КОМПЮТЪРНАТА СИСТЕМА PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ОСНОВНА СХЕМА НА КОМПЮТЪРНАТА СИСТЕМА. 1. Принципно устройство на компютър от Фон-Нойманов тип. шина за данни. Входни / изходни устройства. Централен процесор. Оперативна памет. Шина за управляващи сигнали. ЗАДАЧА.

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ОСНОВНА СХЕМА НА КОМПЮТЪРНАТА СИСТЕМА

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1. -

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  • - , .

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2 cpu central processing unit

2. (CPU-Central Processing Unit)

  • . - . . .

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- () ().

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  • . , , . , , ( , ). . , . , /. , . - - . 8 16 . 32-, 64-, 128- .

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  • , , . . . - , - . ( MHz) .

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, (), . :

  • , , , ( ) , .

  • , , .

  • , 1 3 .

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,, , (MB, Mainboard, Mother Board).

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3.

  • ( ) .

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  • (0 1), :

    • /

    • /

    • /

    • /

  • .

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  • 0 1 1 . - . :

  • (B) = 8 ;

  • K () = 1024 ;

  • () = 10242 ;

  • (GB) = 10243 ;

  • () = 10244 .

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  • , .

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  • - , . , , , , , . , .

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  • , . - (Random Access Memory RAM). , ( ) . . / . , . . .

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  • - . 8 . - - .

  • (2-, 4- ), - .

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  • (ROM - Read Only Memory) e , . - (BIOS), - . . /. , .. .

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3.

  • . . o , .

  • : ( ); ( ); - ( ).

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)

  • (keyboard) . . 101 104 . , - . - . - - .

  • , . , . , , , , .

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Mouse

(mouse)

  • , , . , . . , . . . . . - . , .

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(trackball) , , - . .

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(touchpad) , . . , .

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(pen) . , . , . palmtop.

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(Touch-display) , . , , .

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Joystick

(Joystick) .

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Microphone

(microphone) , .

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  • (scanner) . (, ) , , .

  • (OCR Optical Character Recognition). ( ASCII), .. , ( Word) , .

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(digital camera) :

. . - , , , .

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  • , , .

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)

  • , (display) . . . (LCD liquid display). . :

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  • - . 15-, 17-,19- - .

  • (), .

  • - . , .

  • ( MHz) - - , - .

  • (LR Low Radiation) .

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  • (printer) (- ). , , . , , , . , , , .

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  • (multimedia projector) , , . .

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  • a a (loudspeaker) - , . , .

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) -

  • - , .

  • (FDD Floppy Disk Drive)- .

  • (HDD - Hard Disk Drive) - .

  • CD-ROM (R) DVD (R) , . . CD RW DVD RW .

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  • (LAN) - ( ). .

  • - .

  • (sound card) - , . , . , . , , , .

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  • (video card) , . , , . , , . .

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  • - , . ( ).

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4.

  • . , , - , , , . : , , CD, DVD, Flash .

  • : , , , .

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:

: :

  • ()

  • ()

  • :

    • CD-R, CD-RW

  • DVD-R, DVD-RW

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    . 1, 0. , . .

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    • . USB .

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    : :

    • MBASUS P5QL-E, Ip43

    • CPUIntel Core 2 Duo E8400 3GHz

    • RAM2x2GB 1066MHz

    • HDDWestern Digital 640GB SATAII, 16MB cashe

    • DVDLG DVD-RW 52/32/52

    • Video cardASUS ATI Radeon 4850 512MB DDR3

    • MonitorPhilips 21 TFT LCD

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