Candidates voting the electorate
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Candidates, Voting, & The Electorate. Who they are. 537 Elected federal officials Occupation Lawyers – 56 with JD, 49 practiced Business – Various backgrounds, 7 with MBA 19 Career Politicians, 2 MDs, 2 Military, and various others Race, Gender, Personal background

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Candidates, Voting, & The Electorate

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Candidates voting the electorate

Candidates, Voting, & The Electorate


Who they are

Who they are

  • 537 Elected federal officials

  • Occupation

    • Lawyers – 56 with JD, 49 practiced

    • Business – Various backgrounds, 7 with MBA

    • 19 Career Politicians, 2 MDs, 2 Military, and various others

  • Race, Gender, Personal background

    • Predominantly white, male, and Christian and straight

  • Service vs. Self-interest


Eligibility

Eligibility

  • President: natural born citizen, 35 yrs old, 14 yrs residence

  • Vice-President: Same as President, but must be from different state

  • Senator: Citizen for 9 years, 30 yrs old and resident of state

  • Representative: Citizen for 7 years, 25 yrs old and resident of state


Campaigning

Campaigning

  • Candidate-Centered

    • Result of tech advance and cost

    • Need for large campaign organization

      • Raise money, get media coverage, shape image, conduct research and polling

    • Less dependence on Party

      • Increase in Independents


Strategy

Strategy

  • Political Consultants

    • Hired to create strategy and run campaign

    • Tend to be partisan, expensive

  • Three Pronged Strategy

    • Viability and Appeal

    • Polling

    • Focus Groups


Willard mitt romney

Willard Mitt Romney

  • Republican

  • Age: 64

  • Education: BA from BYU; JD/MBA Harvard

  • Work experience: Founded Bain Capital, Chaired 2002 Winter Olympics

  • Government Experience: Governor of Massachusetts, 2003 – 2007

  • Achievements: Romneycare, Education, 2002 Olympics, Bain,


Barack hussein obama ii

Barack Hussein Obama II

  • Democrat

  • Age: 50

  • Education: BA Columbia, JD Harvard

  • Work Experience: Community Organizer, Civil Rights Lawyer, Law Professor

  • Government Experience: IL state senate 97-04, U.S. Senate 05-08, POTUS 09 –

  • Achievements:Obamacare, Recovery Act, Bin Laden


Eliminating barriers

Eliminating Barriers

  • Historically, women and African Americans have faced the greatest barriers to suffrage

  • 15th and 19th Amendments - Suffrage for African Americans and women

  • 24th Amendment – abolished Poll taxes

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 – empowered the federal government to outlaw discriminatory practices

  • 26th Amendment – lowered voting age to 18


Who participates in politics

Who Participates in Politics?

  • Forms of Participation

    • Inactive

    • Voting specialists

    • Campaigners

    • Communalists

    • Parochial participants

    • Activists

  • What Decides the Election?

    • Campaign issues

      • Position

      • Valence

    • Issues, Especially the Economy

      • Prospective voting

      • Retrospective voting

    • Party

    • The Campaign

    • Finding a Winning Coalition


Voter turnout in presidential elections

Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections


Non voters

Non-voters

  • 59.9 million people not registered in 1992 – most common reason; may be due to high mobility

  • No interest in politics, negative view of government, can’t make time, low voter efficacy


Are turnout rates cause for concern

Are turnout rates cause for concern?

  • How to get out the vote

    • Election day – Sunday?/National Holiday

    • Make requirement – illegal to not vote in Brazil

    • Appeal to direct participation: initiative, referendum, recall


Conduct of elections

Conduct of Elections

  • Australian Ballot

    • Two common types:

    • Office Block (Mass) Ballot

    • Party Collumn (Ind) Ballot

      • Coattail effect

  • Mail Voting

    • Typically absentee ballots, some states offer to entire electorate

    • good way to increase turnout, but …

    • may lead to premature decisions, allow less secrecy, and encourage fraud


Ballots

Ballots

Office Block

Party-Column


Issues and problems

Issues and Problems

  • Fraud

    • provisional and absentee balloting

  • Voter ID Laws

    • Fraud reduction or voter suppression

  • Computerized Voting

    • Optical scan vs. touch screen


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