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The Philippine Disaster Management System. MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC. Scope. Philippines Disaster Risk Profile Legal Basis NDCC and OCD Structure

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The Philippine Disaster Management System

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The philippine disaster management system

The Philippine

Disaster

Management

System

MGen GLENN J RABONZA (Ret.) Administrator, Office of Civil Defense and Executive Officer, NDCC


Scope

Scope

  • Philippines Disaster Risk Profile

  • Legal Basis

  • NDCC and OCD Structure

  • NDCC Comprehensive DM Framework

  • NDCC Program Thrusts

  • Military in Disaster Relief Operations

    - National, Regional and International Trends

    - Role of AFP

    - Issues, Challenges, Lessons learned

    - Useful Mechanisms

    - Way Forward and Next Steps


Disaster risk profile

Disaster Risk Profile

The Philippines is located along the typhoon belt in the Pacific making it vulnerable to typhoons

Average of 20 typhoons a year and seven (7) are destructive


The philippine disaster management system

Disaster Risk Profile

300 volcanoes/22 active

The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and earthquake generators (faults) making it vulnerable to tsunami.


Human impact of disasters 2006

HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006


The philippine disaster management system

HUMAN IMPACT OF DISASTERS, 2006


The philippine disaster management system

NDCC’s LEGAL BASIS

PD 1566

JUNE 11, 1978

(Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Control Capability and Establishing the National Program on Community Disaster Preparedness)


The philippine disaster management system

NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL

  • HIGHEST POLICY MAKING, COORDINATING AND SUPERVISING BODY AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN THE COUNTRY

  • ADVISES THE PRESIDENT ON THE STATUS OF NATIONAL

    DISASTER PREPAREDNESS & MANAGEMENT PLANS

  • RECOMMENDS TO THE PRESIDENT THE DECLARATION

    OF STATE OF CALAMITY AND RELEASE OF NATIONAL

    CALAMITY FUND AS NEEDED


The philippine disaster management system

Secretary, National Defense - Chairman

Secretary, Interior & Local Gov’t- Member

Secretary, Public Works- Member

Secretary, Transportation & Communication - Member

Secretary, Social Welfare & Development - Member

Secretary, Agriculture - Member

Secretary, Education - Member

Secretary, Finance - Member

Secretary, Labor & Employment - Member

Secretary, Trade & Industry - Member

Secretary, Health - Member

Secretary, Science & Technology - Member

Secretary, Budget - Member

Secretary, Justice - Member

Secretary, Natural Resources – Member

Secretary, Foreign Affairs - Member

Director, Phil. Information Agency - Member

Sec-Gen, Phil National Red Cross - Member

Chief of Staff, AFP - Member

NDCC MEMBERS

Administrator, Office of Civil Defense – Member & Executive Officer


The philippine disaster management system

DCC ORGANIZATIONAL NETWORK

NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL

17 REGIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS

80 PROVINCIAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS

117 CITY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS

1,496 MUNICIPAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS

41,945 BARANGAY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS


The philippine disaster management system

… has the primary task of coordinating the activities and functions of various government agencies and instrumentalities, private institutions and civic organizations for the protection and preservation of life and property during emergencies…

OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE

- LOI NO.19, S-1972

  • The operating arm and secretariat of the National Disaster Coordinating Council.


Office of civil defense

OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE

Vision

A service-oriented organization

A prepared population

A safe nation

Mission

To administer a comprehensive national civil defense and civil assistance program by providing leadership in the continuous development of measures to reduce risk to communities and manage the consequence of disasters.


The philippine disaster management system

CAR

REGION II

NCR

REGION I

REGION V

REGION III

REGION VIII

REGION IV-A

REGION IV-B

REGION X

REGION VI

CARAGA

REGION VII

ARMM

REGION IX

REGION XI

REGION XII

17 OCD REGIONAL OFFICES


All hazards approach

GEOPHYSICAL

S

U

R

V

E

I

L

L

A

N

C

E

HYDRO-METEOROLOGICAL

PHIVOLCS

PAGASA

TERRORISM

AFP

EPIDEMICS

DOH

CIVIL DISTURBANCE

PNP

DA

INFESTATION

PNRI

NUCLEAR & RADIOLOGICAL

Hazard Surveillance

ALL HAZARDS APPROACH


The philippine disaster management system

MITIGATION

PREPAREDNESS

REHABILITATION

  • RESPONSE


The philippine disaster management system

NDCC PROGRAM THRUSTS

MITIGATION

PREPAREDNESS

Defense for Development Agenda

Pre-Event

Post-Event

REHABILITATION

RESPONSE

Medium-Term Philippine

Development Plan

HFA 2005-2015

…building the resilience of

communities to disasters…

UNMDG


The military in disaster relief operations

The Military in Disaster Relief Operations


National regional and international trends

National, Regional and International Trends

Events of 2004 up to recent showed increasing involvement of military forces in Disaster Management:

  • Quezon province flashfloods/landslides in December 2004

  • Indian Ocean Tsunami in December 2004

  • Pakistan Earthquake in October 2005

  • Guinsaugon landslide in February 2006


Role of afp

Role ofAFP

1. Constitutional mandate – is the protector of the people and the State. (Sec. 3 Art 3. Declaration of Principles and State Policies, 1987 Constitution)

  • As protector of the people is best exemplified in times of major catastrophe in which the AFP, along with the civilian government agencies and institutions, undertake activities aimed at saving lives, preventing needless suffering, protecting property and minimizing damages during disasters and calamities

    2. AFP Calamities and Preparedness Plan

  • Created AFP Disaster Response Task Force (AFPDRTF);

  • Sets general guidelines and tasks to be undertaken in times of disaster and calamities in support of the NDCC ; and

  • Ensures the full utilization of AFP civil assistance capability in SAR, relief, rehabilitation and civil reconstruction and development activities.

    3.Civil Military Coordination

  • Through the TF Commander, AFPDRTF (V, CAFP) coordinates its plans and activities with the Disaster Coordinating Councils at all levels


Regional and international mechanisms

Regional and International Mechanisms

1. ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management (ACDM) - Operationalization of relevant projects of the ASEAN Regional Programme on Disaster Management

  • ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER)

  • Standby Operating Procedures for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief And Emergency Response Operations (SASOP)

    2. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

  • OSLO Guidelines

  • Civil-Military Coordination Course

  • Asia-Pacific Conference on Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO)

    3. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)-Voluntary Demonstration of Response (VDR) for disaster relief

    4. Military Operations and Law Conference (MILOPS) – organized by the US Pacific Command

    5. ASEAN Plus 3 Workshop in International Disaster Relief by Armed Forces (organized by the People’s Liberation Army of China)


Way forward and next steps

Way Forward and Next Steps

  • Active involvement of the AFP to conferences, trainings and exercises (national, bilateral, multilateral) on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) activities

  • AFP to institutionalized Civil-Military Coordination as an operational specialty for units with missions that include HADR in support of civil authorities

  • Form a pool of competent CM Coord Staff that will facilitate the essential dialogue, collaborative interaction, cooperation and coordination


Thank you

Thank you…

Visit us @ www.ndcc.gov.phEmail: [email protected]: +63 (917) 891-6322Telephone: +63 (2) 912-2665+63 (2) 912-5668+63 (2) 911-5061 to 64Telefax: +63 (2) 911-1406


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