Prescription Writing and Pharmacopeias. Prescription Drug. drug that requires a prescription because it is considered potentially harmful if not used under the supervision of a licensed health care practitioner. Definition and Format of a Prescription.
drug that requires a prescription because it is considered potentially harmful if not used under the supervision of a licensed health care practitioner
A prescription is a written, verbal, or electronic order from a practitioner or designated agent to a pharmacist for a particular medication for a specific patient.
Legend drugs :
Patient Name and Address
Selecting the drug
“Brand Necessary” or “Brand Medically Necessary”
Name of the drug
USE WITH CAUTION:
Serzone(nefazodone) vs. Seroquel(quetiapine)
These two drugs have
Prescribing and dispensing errors have led to a number of
adverse events (Nausea/Vomiting [N/V], hallucinations, altered mental status [AMS], lethargy, seizures, death)
You don’t have to memorize it
READ IT LATER
Name of the drug
Avoid the use of Abbreviations
“Do Not Use” Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols
(Please read it later)
Strength of the drug
When writing the strength of the drug
Quantity of the drug
(30 x 3 = 90)
Directions for use
Practitioner’s Name, Address, and Phone number
Used for non-controlled substances - No limit to number of refills allowed.
Schedule I (C-I) – Highest abuse risk. No safe medical use. Examples: heroin, marijuana, LSD lysergic acid, PCP phencyclidine, and crack cocaine.
Schedule II (C-II) – High abuse risk but have safe and accepted medical use. Examples: morphine, oxycodone, methylphenidate, dextroamphetamine.
Schedule III (C-III)– Abuse risk less than C-II and safe and accepted medical use. Examples: Acetaminophen/Codeine (Tylenol #3), acetaminophen/hydrocodone (Vicodin), propoxyphene (Darvon).
Schedule IV (C-IV) – Abuse risk less than C-III and safe and accepted medical use. Examples: diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), phenobarbital, chloral hydrate.
Schedule V (C-V) – Abuse risk less than C-IV and safe and accepted medical use. Mainly consist of preparations containing limited quantities of certain stimulant and narcotic drugs for antitussive and antidiarrheal purposes.
For CIII to CV prescription drugs
For CII prescription drugs
Poor handwriting contributed to a medication dispensing error that resulted in a patient with depression receiving the antianxiety agent Buspar 10 mg instead of Prozac 10 mg
Pharmacopoeia is a book or encyclopedia of drugs standards, their formulas, methods for making medicinal preparations and other related information\'s which is published under the jurisdiction of government body.
WHY DO WE NEED IT?
To Control the Quality of Medicine as per standard . To Ensure the public health. To Support the availability of safe, effective, good-quality pharmaceutical care for all.
USP / NF: United States Pharmacopeia – National Formulary