The Bible and Us
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

housekeeping PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Bible and Us Bible Truth why it’s so important and why we can trust it Emmanuel Chesham Summer Bible School 2011. housekeeping. thanks again for coming back! thanks for your questions they’ve helped me improve the material so did doing this with our Home Group

Download Presentation

housekeeping

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Housekeeping

The Bible and UsBible Truthwhy it’s so importantand why we can trust itEmmanuel CheshamSummer Bible School 2011


Housekeeping

housekeeping

  • thanks again for coming back!

  • thanks for your questions

    • they’ve helped me improve the material

    • so did doing this with our Home Group

    • other information came from references on next page


For more information

for more information

  • Brian H Edwards, Nothing But The Truth

    • revised since 1986 – now 3rd ed (2005)

  • John McDowell, New Evidence That Demands A Verdict, (2010)

    • revised since 1972!

  • Robert Dick Wilson, Is The Higher Criticism Scholarly? (1922)

    • eg http://heartoftn.net/users/gary27/wilson.htm

  • see also references in the text


What this is about

what this is about

  • what we believe about the Bible

    • it’s true, and we need it

    • it’s the Word of God, written via human agents

    • in fact, pretty-much by eye-witnesses

  • why we can be confident in the Bible

    • what we don’t believe: “it was made up later”, or “it was changed a lot afterwards anyway”

    • we’ve already seen: copyists, and manuscripts

    • OT truth: prophets, and Robert Dick Wilson

    • NT truth: Luke


What this isn t about

what this isn’t about

  • “truth” is a big subject!

    • truth of the resurrection of Christ

    • truth of the [other] miracles in the Bible

    • truth in the Bible vs truth in science

  • we aren’t covering everything here

    • just the Bible itself

  • we aim at “truth”, not “proof”

    • based on good historical evidence

      • in line with your conscience and experience

    • not based on controlled experiments, or on deduction from axioms


What we believe about bible truth

what we believeabout Bible truth


What we believe

what we believe

  • “The Bible, as originally given, is the inspired and infallible Word of God. It is the supreme authority in all matters of belief and behaviour.”

    • UCCF Doctrinal Basis, clause c

  • most evangelical organizations have a similar statement

    • including the Church of England, Article VI


We need the bible to know god calvin s argument institutes book i

we need the Bible to know God(Calvin’s argument, Institutes, Book I)

  • we need God’s own written word because

    • although God can be seen in creation, and in our consciences

    • that knowledge is lost or changed, due to ignorance, or to sin

  • the Bible, the Spirit, and reason

    • we need the Spirit, to understand the Bible

    • we need the Bible, not just immediate revelation from God

    • the Bible commends itself to human reason


The word of god

the Word of God

  • 2 Tim 3.16, “all scripture is God-breathed”

  • 2 Pet 1.20-21, “no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation ... men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit”

  • 1 Pet 1.10-12, “the prophets searched ... trying to find out the time ... to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing ...”

  • Jn 10.35, “the scripture cannot be broken”

    • and Jesus’+apostles’ whole attitude


Written by eye witnesses pretty much

written by eye-witnesses(pretty-much)

  • 2 Pet 1.16, “we did not follow clever-invented stories ... we were eye-witnesses of his majesty”

  • Acts 26.25-26, Paul, “What I am saying is true and reasonable. The king is familiar with these things ... none of this has escaped his notice, because it was not done in a corner.”

  • Lk 1, “... handed down ... by eye-witnesses ... I have carefully investigated ...”


What s at stake

what’s at stake?


An alternative view which we don t believe

an alternative view(which we don’t believe)

  • the OT was made up by the Jews in exile!

    • the Torah in ~500-400BC, to cement Jewish culture and national identity after catastrophe

    • Daniel, in ~170-150BC, to encourage and then to celebrate resistance to Antiochus

  • the NT was made up after the fall of Jerusalem!!

  • no miracles ever happened!!!

  • God doesn’t exist, and doesn’t relate to people!!!!


So instead of this

history

prophets and letters

wisdom

so instead of this ...

creation

Genesis

pre-Conquest

2000

patriarchs

Job

Ps

Prov

Ecc

Song

1400

wanderings

Ex, Lev, Num, Deut

judges

Josh, Judg, Ruth

Conquestto Exile

1000

united k’dom

1-2 Sam, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chr

divided k’dom

Is, Jer

Lam, Ezek, Dan

Am, Hos, Joel, Jon, Mic, Nah, Hab, Zeph

600

post-Exile

exile

Ezra, NehemiahEsther

Obadiah

500

return

Hag, Zech, Mal

350

0

Gospels and Acts

birth

life ofChrist

ministry

death and res

30

earlyChurch

Pentecost

50

mission

Rom, 1-2 Cor, Gal, Eph, Phil, Col, 1-2 Thess, 1-2 Tim, Titus, Phm, Heb, Jas, 1-2 Pet, 1-3 Jn, Jd

Revelation

Revelation

90


We d get this

history

prophets and letters

wisdom

... we’d get this

creation

pre-Conquest

2000

patriarchs

1400

wanderings

judges

Conquestto Exile

1000

united k’dom

divided k’dom

600

post-Exile

exile

most of the Old Testament

500

return

350

Daniel

0

birth

life ofChrist

ministry

death and res

30

earlyChurch

Pentecost

50

mission

Rom, 1-2 Cor, Gal, Eph, Phil, Col, 1-2 Thess, 1-2 Tim, Titus, Phm, Heb, Jas, 1-2 Pet, 1-3 Jn, Jd

Gospels and Acts

Revelation

Revelation

90


Why we can be confident in bible truth

why we can be confidentin Bible truth


Why we can be confident

why we can be confident

  • textual evidence

    • see Bible History

  • internal evidence

    • prophecy

  • the testimony of Robert Dick Wilson

    • on the Old Testament and the ancient world

  • the testimony of Luke

    • on the New Testament and the Roman world


Prophecy

prophecy

  • of Christ

    • hundreds of prophecies in OT

    • Ps 22: crucifixion, described 1000BC

    • Isaiah: extant MSS from 125BC

  • of the exile and return

  • of the Greek and Roman empires

    • Daniel 2, BabylonPersiaGreeceRome

    • Daniel 11, Greek rule over Judah

      • see Olyott, Dare to Stand Alone, for [loads of] detail


Robert dick wilson 1856 1930

Robert Dick Wilson, 1856-1930

  • Prof Semitic Philology, Princeton

    • ie, a “word geek”

  • “life statement”, age 25:

    • 15 years studying languages

    • 15 years studying OT and literature

    • 15 years disseminating findings

  • result:

    • 45 languages – all OT to 600AD

    • monumental evidence re OT dating and truth

      • accessibly summarized in a 1922 paper


Wilson on kings names

Wilson on kings’ names

  • Wilson studied names and titles of kings

    • eg in Genesis 14, and in Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Damascus, Tyre, Moab

  • found that OT mirrors palace records

  • OT spelling mirrors original spelling

    • 24 kings, 120 consonants in names

    • OT gets it exactly right

      • Assyrian histories get Egyptian wrong!

      • Arabic histories get Persia and Greece wrong!

      • Greeks get Egypt, Assyria and Babylonia wrong!


Wilson on style and time

Wilson on style and time

  • Wilson studied non-Hebrew words in the OT

  • you can tell by doing this, some information about when it was written

    • the more you know about the languages, and the bigger the documents you have available, the more you can tell

    • Wilson noted this phenomenon in other ancient languages as well as Hebrew

    • you can even do this in English! ...


Housekeeping

  • “loot” came into English in 1780s from India

  • no “loot” in AV!

    • just German/Latin


Findings re borrowed words

findings re borrowed words

some Babylonian in Gen 1-2

creation

Genesis

pre-Conquest

some Egyptian in accountx of Joseph

2000

patriarchs

Job

Ps

Prov

Ecc

Song

1400

wanderings

Ex, Lev, Num, Deut

Indian, Assyrian and Hittite in Solomon

judges

Josh, Judg, Ruth

Conquestto Exile

1000

Assyrian and Babylonian from Kings on

united k’dom

1-2 Sam, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chr

divided k’dom

Is, Jer

Lam, Ezek, Dan

Am, Hos, Joel, Jon, Mic, Nah, Hab, Zeph

600

post-Exile

exile

Ezra, NehemiahEsther

Obadiah

500

return

Hag, Zech, Mal

350

Persian from Daniel on

Aramaic: half Ezra, half Daniel, words from exile onv

no non-Hebrew borrowings in Exodus – 2 Sam, or in Job – Song

no Greek in entire OT except the names of two musical instruments in Daniel


Robert dick wilson conclusion

Robert Dick Wilson: conclusion

  • historical evidence: reliable in content at whatever point it could be verified against other documents

  • manuscript evidence: copying of the names of kings demonstrated amazing original accuracy, amazing copying

  • linguistic evidence: documents could only have originated at the time and place they say (or imply) that they originate

  • breadth of evidence: utterly unrivalled


Luke the evangelist

Luke the Evangelist

  • wrote Luke and Acts

    • both dedicated to Theophilus

  • gospel: not an eyewitness

    • but an extremely diligent historian

  • Acts: an eyewitness of much of it

    • “we” passages in Paul’s journeys

    • 16.10-40, 20.5-21.19, 27.1-28.16 (at least)


Luke on titles

Luke on titles

  • Cyprus, proconsul, Acts 13.7

  • Philippi

    • Roman colony, 16.12

    • stratagoi, “magistrates”, 16.38

  • Thessalonica, politarchs,“city officials”, 17.6

  • Ephesus, asiarchs, “officialsof the province”, 19.31

  • Malta, protos, “chief official”, 28.7

Politarch Inscriptionin the British Museum

List of the city rulers in Thessalonica, 2nd century


Luke on quirinius

Luke on Quirinius

  • “the first census which took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria”

  • independent evidence: Quirinius was

    • military governor, 10-8BC

    • governor, 6AD

  • censuses were an Egyptian custom adopted by the Romans, done about every 14 years

  • he probably ran both the 6BC census during which Jesus was born, and a ~8AD one


Luke the doctor col 4 14

“Luke the doctor” (Col 4.14)

  • Luke is specific on medical details

  • eg on fasting

    • Luke 4.2, “he ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry”

    • this is exactly what happens!

  • here as elsewhere Luke gives more details than Matthew and Mark

    • 4.38, high fever, 6.6, right hand, ...

  • also in Acts, eg Elymas’ blindness, 13.11


Luke conclusion

Luke: conclusion

  • Luke’s gospel: he was diligent

  • Acts: he was there

  • he is more detailed on geography, politics and medicine than any other NT writer

  • on every testable point, he’s proved right


Conclusion

conclusion


Conclusion1

conclusion

  • the Bible itself is thoroughly reliable

    • there’s no proof here

    • but there is evidence-based truth

    • what we can verify, stands the test

      • historical links to language, politics and geography

      • manuscripts and translations

    • so we can trust what we can’t verify

      • in fact our experience and conscience confirms it

  • let’s uphold it confidently

    • in church life, in home life, in outreach

  • let’s rejoice in the God who gave it


  • Login