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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes. ATB4-1. OBJECTIVES. On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

OBJECTIVES catastrophes.

On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

1.Vertical.

2.Lateral.

3.Longitudinal.

4.Radar.

5.Visual.

6.Runway

ATB4-2


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SEPARATION MINIMA catastrophes.

LONGITUDINAL- expressed in miles/minutes

LATERAL - expressed in miles, airways or routes

VERTICAL - expressed in feet

ATB4-3


Purpose

Without the ATC System catastrophes.

PURPOSE

With the ATC System

ATB4-4


Applied separation

SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFT catastrophes.

APPLIED SEPARATION

SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFT AND OTHER PROTECTED AIRSPACE

ATB4-5


Vertical separation
VERTICAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

VERTICAL

ATB4-6A


Lateral separation
LATERAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

LATERAL

ATB4-6B


Longitudinal separation
LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

LONGITUDINAL

ATB4-6C


Radar separation
RADAR SEPARATION catastrophes.

AAL218

160C

115 410

TWA320

160C

165 420

ATB4-6D


Visual separation
VISUAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

ATB4-6E


Runway separation
RUNWAY SEPARATION catastrophes.

ATB4-6F


Vertical separation1
VERTICAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

310

290

120

110

100

ATB4-7


Faa separation
FAA SEPARATION catastrophes.

VIDEO CLIP


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

IFR MINIMA BETWEEN ALTITUDES catastrophes.

33,000

2000 FEET

31,000

2000 FEET

29,000

1000 FEET

28,000

1000 FEET

27,000

ATB4-8A


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VERTICAL SEPARATION MINIMA EXCEPTION catastrophes.

FL490

FL450

ATB4-8B


Response item

A catastrophes.

340

330

320

310

300

290

290

280

270

260

250

240

340

330

320

310

300

290

RESPONSE ITEM

In which column is minimum vertical separation NOT being applied?

A

B

C

ATB4-9


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

AERIAL REFUELING catastrophes.

FL220

1,000 FEET ABOVE BLOCK

FL210

BLOCK ALTITUDE FL200 B210

FL200

1,000 FEET BELOW BLOCK

FL190

ATB4-10


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

FUEL DUMPING catastrophes.

BELOW FL290

2000 FT above

1000 FT above

2000 FT below

2000 FT below

ABOVE FL290

ATB4-11


Special use and atc assigned airspace
SPECIAL USE AND ATC ASSIGNED AIRSPACE catastrophes.

1,000 FEET ABOVE

500 FEET ABOVE

41,000

29,000

MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA

ATCAA

31,000

11,000

500 FEET BELOW

1,000 FEET BELOW

SURFACE

ATB4-12


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP catastrophes.


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

LATERAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

4 NM

45°

4 NM

Below FL180

7 DME

Minima on diverging radials for DME application (compensates for DME slant range)

ATB4-13


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPARTURE DIVERGENCE catastrophes.

Headings must diverge by at least 45 degrees.

45°

ATB4-14


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

Same/converging or crossing courses

Same altitude/ flight level

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

ATB4-15


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP catastrophes.


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPART AT A SPECIFIED TIME catastrophes.

"DEPART AT OR AFTER ONE THREE TWO ZERO."

ATB4-16


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ARRIVE AT A FIX AT A SPECIFIED TIME catastrophes.

TIME 1320

LAA

V244

V244

N1

N2

"DOUGLAS TWO, CROSS LAMAR AT OR AFTER ONE THREE THREE ZERO.”

V210

ATB4-17


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

HOLD AT A FIX UNTIL A SPECIFIED TIME catastrophes.

"DEPART PUEBLO AT OR AFTER ONE THREE ONE EIGHT.”

ATB4-18


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

CHANGE ALTITUDE AT A SPECIFIED TIME OR FIX catastrophes.

“CROSS MIAMI VORTAC AT SEVEN THOUSAND, CLIMB AND MAINTAIN NINER THOUSAND.”

MIO

ATB4-19


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM catastrophes.

To apply the departure divergence rule you must assign headings which diverge by at least ____ degrees.

A.15

B.30

C.45

C.45

ATB4-20


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ATB4-21 catastrophes.


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

Same altitude/ flight level catastrophes.

Same/converging or crossing courses

ATB4-22


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ATB4-23 catastrophes.


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

MIO catastrophes.

ATB4-24


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE catastrophes.

ATB4-25


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

a catastrophes.

b

Above FL600

Up to FL600

c

NOT OCEANIC AIRSPACE

d

Above FL290

Up to FL290

e

f

Surface

ATB4-26


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

OCEANIC AIRSPACE catastrophes.

ATB4-27


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VECTOR FOR SEPARATION catastrophes.

“AMERICAN TWO TEN, TURN LEFT HEADING THREE THREE ZERO, VECTOR FOR TRAFFIC.”

TWA326

230C

121 430

TWA326

230C

121 430

AAL210

230C

121 450

AAL210

230C

123 450

ATB4-28


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

3 MI catastrophes.

5 MI

50 MI

40 MI

30 MI

20 MI

10 MI

APPROACH RADAR

ANTENNA

ATB4-29


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

EN ROUTE RADAR SEPARATION catastrophes.

10 NM

5 NM

3 NM

FL 600

40 NM

ATB4-30


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

TOWER VISUAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

ATB4-31


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ARTCC catastrophes.

EN ROUTE FACILITY USING VISUAL SEPARATION IN CONJUNCTION WITH VISUAL APPROACH PROCEDURES

ATB4-32


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION catastrophes.

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

ATB4-33


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPARTURE vs. ARRIVAL catastrophes.

ATB4-34


Intersecting runway separation

Runway is safe for aircraft to depart catastrophes.

16

Runway is safe for aircraft to land

Aircraft clears intersection

28

10

Runway is safe for aircraft to depart

Aircraft clears runway

Aircraft clears intersection

34

INTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

ATB4-35A


Nonintersecting runway separation
NONINTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION catastrophes.

31

27

ATB4-35B


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM catastrophes.

The minimum en route radar separation required for two aircraft between FL180 and FL600 is ______ miles.

A.3

B.5

C.10

B.5

ATB4-36


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM catastrophes.

For a terminal facility to provide visual separation between two arriving IFR aircraft, the following condition must exist:

A.One of the aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

B.Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

C.The pilots of both aircraft must see each other.

B.Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

ATB4-37


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP catastrophes.


Holding uses

WEATHER catastrophes.

HOLDING USES

1.Traffic En Route

Why hold?

2.Arrival Delays

3.Weather at Destination

4.Flow Control

5.Spacing

ATB4-38


Typical holding pattern

ABEAM catastrophes.

OUTBOUND LEG

INBOUND LEG

FIX

TYPICAL HOLDING PATTERN

ATB4-39


Holding procedures using vertical separation
HOLDING PROCEDURES USING VERTICAL SEPARATION catastrophes.

CLEARANCE LIMIT

9,000

8,000

7,000

6,000

HOLDING FIX

ATB4-40


Lateral separation in holding patterns
LATERAL SEPARATION IN HOLDING PATTERNS catastrophes.

V3

V4

COYLE

V5

JONES

Holding pattern airspace must not overlap.

030

045

065

BOLEY

V6

090

OKC

ATB4-41


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