Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes.
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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes. ATB4-1. OBJECTIVES. On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

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Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes.

ATB4-1


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

OBJECTIVES

On an End-of-Lesson Test and in accordance with FAA Order 7110.65, you will identify basic holding procedures and the following types of separation and the basic minimum requirements for providing each type:

1.Vertical.

2.Lateral.

3.Longitudinal.

4.Radar.

5.Visual.

6.Runway

ATB4-2


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SEPARATION MINIMA

LONGITUDINAL- expressed in miles/minutes

LATERAL - expressed in miles, airways or routes

VERTICAL - expressed in feet

ATB4-3


Purpose

Without the ATC System

PURPOSE

With the ATC System

ATB4-4


Applied separation

SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFT

APPLIED SEPARATION

SEPARATION BETWEEN AIRCRAFT AND OTHER PROTECTED AIRSPACE

ATB4-5


Vertical separation

VERTICAL SEPARATION

VERTICAL

ATB4-6A


Lateral separation

LATERAL SEPARATION

LATERAL

ATB4-6B


Longitudinal separation

LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

LONGITUDINAL

ATB4-6C


Radar separation

RADAR SEPARATION

AAL218

160C

115 410

TWA320

160C

165 420

ATB4-6D


Visual separation

VISUAL SEPARATION

ATB4-6E


Runway separation

RUNWAY SEPARATION

ATB4-6F


Vertical separation1

VERTICAL SEPARATION

310

290

120

110

100

ATB4-7


Faa separation

FAA SEPARATION

VIDEO CLIP


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

IFR MINIMA BETWEEN ALTITUDES

33,000

2000 FEET

31,000

2000 FEET

29,000

1000 FEET

28,000

1000 FEET

27,000

ATB4-8A


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VERTICAL SEPARATION MINIMA EXCEPTION

FL490

FL450

ATB4-8B


Response item

A

340

330

320

310

300

290

290

280

270

260

250

240

340

330

320

310

300

290

RESPONSE ITEM

In which column is minimum vertical separation NOT being applied?

A

B

C

ATB4-9


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

AERIAL REFUELING

FL220

1,000 FEET ABOVE BLOCK

FL210

BLOCK ALTITUDE FL200 B210

FL200

1,000 FEET BELOW BLOCK

FL190

ATB4-10


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

FUEL DUMPING

BELOW FL290

2000 FT above

1000 FT above

2000 FT below

2000 FT below

ABOVE FL290

ATB4-11


Special use and atc assigned airspace

SPECIAL USE AND ATC ASSIGNED AIRSPACE

1,000 FEET ABOVE

500 FEET ABOVE

41,000

29,000

MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA

ATCAA

31,000

11,000

500 FEET BELOW

1,000 FEET BELOW

SURFACE

ATB4-12


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

LATERAL SEPARATION

4 NM

45°

4 NM

Below FL180

7 DME

Minima on diverging radials for DME application (compensates for DME slant range)

ATB4-13


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPARTURE DIVERGENCE

Headings must diverge by at least 45 degrees.

45°

ATB4-14


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

Same/converging or crossing courses

Same altitude/ flight level

10 Minutes

20 Miles DME

ATB4-15


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPART AT A SPECIFIED TIME

"DEPART AT OR AFTER ONE THREE TWO ZERO."

ATB4-16


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ARRIVE AT A FIX AT A SPECIFIED TIME

TIME 1320

LAA

V244

V244

N1

N2

"DOUGLAS TWO, CROSS LAMAR AT OR AFTER ONE THREE THREE ZERO.”

V210

ATB4-17


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

HOLD AT A FIX UNTIL A SPECIFIED TIME

"DEPART PUEBLO AT OR AFTER ONE THREE ONE EIGHT.”

ATB4-18


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

CHANGE ALTITUDE AT A SPECIFIED TIME OR FIX

“CROSS MIAMI VORTAC AT SEVEN THOUSAND, CLIMB AND MAINTAIN NINER THOUSAND.”

MIO

ATB4-19


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM

To apply the departure divergence rule you must assign headings which diverge by at least ____ degrees.

A.15

B.30

C.45

C.45

ATB4-20


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ATB4-21


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

Same altitude/ flight level

Same/converging or crossing courses

ATB4-22


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ATB4-23


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

MIO

ATB4-24


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE

ATB4-25


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

a

b

Above FL600

Up to FL600

c

NOT OCEANIC AIRSPACE

d

Above FL290

Up to FL290

e

f

Surface

ATB4-26


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

OCEANIC AIRSPACE

ATB4-27


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VECTOR FOR SEPARATION

“AMERICAN TWO TEN, TURN LEFT HEADING THREE THREE ZERO, VECTOR FOR TRAFFIC.”

TWA326

230C

121 430

TWA326

230C

121 430

AAL210

230C

121 450

AAL210

230C

123 450

ATB4-28


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

3 MI

5 MI

50 MI

40 MI

30 MI

20 MI

10 MI

APPROACH RADAR

ANTENNA

ATB4-29


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

EN ROUTE RADAR SEPARATION

10 NM

5 NM

3 NM

FL 600

40 NM

ATB4-30


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

TOWER VISUAL SEPARATION

ATB4-31


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

ARTCC

EN ROUTE FACILITY USING VISUAL SEPARATION IN CONJUNCTION WITH VISUAL APPROACH PROCEDURES

ATB4-32


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#2

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

#1

ATB4-33


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

DEPARTURE vs. ARRIVAL

ATB4-34


Intersecting runway separation

Runway is safe for aircraft to depart

16

Runway is safe for aircraft to land

Aircraft clears intersection

28

10

Runway is safe for aircraft to depart

Aircraft clears runway

Aircraft clears intersection

34

INTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

ATB4-35A


Nonintersecting runway separation

NONINTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

31

27

ATB4-35B


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM

The minimum en route radar separation required for two aircraft between FL180 and FL600 is ______ miles.

A.3

B.5

C.10

B.5

ATB4-36


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

RESPONSE ITEM

For a terminal facility to provide visual separation between two arriving IFR aircraft, the following condition must exist:

A.One of the aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

B.Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

C.The pilots of both aircraft must see each other.

B.Both aircraft must be visually observed by the tower.

ATB4-37


Failure to apply proper separation can result in catastrophes

VIDEO CLIP


Holding uses

WEATHER

HOLDING USES

1.Traffic En Route

Why hold?

2.Arrival Delays

3.Weather at Destination

4.Flow Control

5.Spacing

ATB4-38


Typical holding pattern

ABEAM

OUTBOUND LEG

INBOUND LEG

FIX

TYPICAL HOLDING PATTERN

ATB4-39


Holding procedures using vertical separation

HOLDING PROCEDURES USING VERTICAL SEPARATION

CLEARANCE LIMIT

9,000

8,000

7,000

6,000

HOLDING FIX

ATB4-40


Lateral separation in holding patterns

LATERAL SEPARATION IN HOLDING PATTERNS

V3

V4

COYLE

V5

JONES

Holding pattern airspace must not overlap.

030

045

065

BOLEY

V6

090

OKC

ATB4-41


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