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Pan Africanism. 2 world wars and great depression weaken European powers Can no longer support colonies Moral issues of racism & violent suppression also weaken positions Leaders educated in the West rise to prominence Nationalistic ideas spread to population . Attempts to organize.

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Pan africanism
Pan Africanism

  • 2 world wars and great depression weaken European powers

    • Can no longer support colonies

  • Moral issues of racism & violent suppression also weaken positions

  • Leaders educated in the West rise to prominence

  • Nationalistic ideas spread to population


Attempts to organize
Attempts to organize

  • Rapid decolonization 1955-1965

  • Organization of African Unity (OAU)

    • the African Union

  • Pan Africanism & the Negritude movement

    • Kwame Nkrumah, Leopold Senghor, Jomo Kenyatta

    • “Africa for Africans”


Obstacles to progress in africa
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Political problems

Examples

Ivory Coast

Sierra Leone

Somalia

Congo

Rwanda

Darfur

Libya

  • Instability

  • Civil wars—ethnic, regional, etc.

  • Military dictators—corruption

  • Terror and Genocide


Obstacles to progress in africa1
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Economic Policies

Examples

Nigeria

Congo

Sierra Leone

Sudan

Zimbabwe

Tanzania

  • Slow growth—poverty

  • Debts & loans instead of investment

  • Cash crop and subsistence farming


Obstacles to progress in africa2
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Resource Wars

  • Blood Diamonds

  • Oil Terrorism

  • Farm and grazing land

  • Access to clean water


Obstacles to progress in africa3
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Social

Examples

64% of HIV positive worldwide are in Africa

Malaria

Street children

Rape as a political weapon

  • Disease

  • Famine

  • Status of Women


Obstacles to progress in africa4
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Population and Poverty

Examples

Nigeria

Kenya

South Africa

  • Overpopulation

    • Continent doubled in 30 yrs.

    • High birthrate

  • Migration to cities

  • Haves and have nots


Obstacles to progress in africa5
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Land and Climate

Examples

Ethiopia

Kenya

Sudan

Somalia

  • Vast and Harsh

  • Access to resources

  • Desertification

  • Lack of rainfall


Names terms things to know about this time period in africa
Names, terms & things to know about this time period in Africa

  • Geography

  • Imperialism

  • Reasons for imperialism

  • Reasons why in Africa now

  • White Man’s Burden

  • Scramble for Africa

  • Berlin Conference

  • King Leopold of Belgium

  • Livingstone & Stanley

  • Cecil Rhodes

  • Resource exploitation

  • Zulu Resistance

  • Boer War

  • Impact of Imperialism

  • Independence & Nationalist movements

  • Apartheid S. Africa

  • Barriers to progress and stability


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