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Pan Africanism. 2 world wars and great depression weaken European powers Can no longer support colonies Moral issues of racism & violent suppression also weaken positions Leaders educated in the West rise to prominence Nationalistic ideas spread to population . Attempts to organize.

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pan africanism
Pan Africanism
  • 2 world wars and great depression weaken European powers
    • Can no longer support colonies
  • Moral issues of racism & violent suppression also weaken positions
  • Leaders educated in the West rise to prominence
  • Nationalistic ideas spread to population
attempts to organize
Attempts to organize
  • Rapid decolonization 1955-1965
  • Organization of African Unity (OAU)
    • the African Union
  • Pan Africanism & the Negritude movement
    • Kwame Nkrumah, Leopold Senghor, Jomo Kenyatta
    • “Africa for Africans”
obstacles to progress in africa
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Political problems

Examples

Ivory Coast

Sierra Leone

Somalia

Congo

Rwanda

Darfur

Libya

  • Instability
  • Civil wars—ethnic, regional, etc.
  • Military dictators—corruption
  • Terror and Genocide
obstacles to progress in africa1
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Economic Policies

Examples

Nigeria

Congo

Sierra Leone

Sudan

Zimbabwe

Tanzania

  • Slow growth—poverty
  • Debts & loans instead of investment
  • Cash crop and subsistence farming
obstacles to progress in africa2
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Resource Wars

  • Blood Diamonds
  • Oil Terrorism
  • Farm and grazing land
  • Access to clean water
obstacles to progress in africa3
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Social

Examples

64% of HIV positive worldwide are in Africa

Malaria

Street children

Rape as a political weapon

  • Disease
  • Famine
  • Status of Women
obstacles to progress in africa4
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Population and Poverty

Examples

Nigeria

Kenya

South Africa

  • Overpopulation
    • Continent doubled in 30 yrs.
    • High birthrate
  • Migration to cities
  • Haves and have nots
obstacles to progress in africa5
Obstacles to Progress in Africa

Land and Climate

Examples

Ethiopia

Kenya

Sudan

Somalia

  • Vast and Harsh
  • Access to resources
  • Desertification
  • Lack of rainfall
names terms things to know about this time period in africa
Names, terms & things to know about this time period in Africa
  • Geography
  • Imperialism
  • Reasons for imperialism
  • Reasons why in Africa now
  • White Man’s Burden
  • Scramble for Africa
  • Berlin Conference
  • King Leopold of Belgium
  • Livingstone & Stanley
  • Cecil Rhodes
  • Resource exploitation
  • Zulu Resistance
  • Boer War
  • Impact of Imperialism
  • Independence & Nationalist movements
  • Apartheid S. Africa
  • Barriers to progress and stability
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