Making successful presentations
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Making Successful Presentations. Nae-Dong Yang FE2010S. Making Presentations. Preparing the presentation Useful phrases for making presentations Beginning Language Using visuals Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations Body language Voice and pronunciation The ending.

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Making successful presentations

Making Successful Presentations

Nae-Dong Yang

FE2010S


Making presentations

Making Presentations

  • Preparing the presentation

  • Useful phrases for making presentations

  • Beginning

  • Language

  • Using visuals

  • Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations

  • Body language

  • Voice and pronunciation

  • The ending


Preparing the presentation

Preparing the Presentation

  • Why

    • The general purpose

      • to inform

      • to persuade

    • The specific purpose

      • The result you want to achieve

      • State it in one sentence--clearly and concisely


Preparing the presentation1

Preparing the Presentation

  • What : Good organization

    • Helps you remember

    • Helps them remember

    • Helps them understand

    • Helps you keep to the point

    • Helps you reduce your nervousness


The beginning

The Beginning

  • Say hello

  • Say who you are

  • Give purpose and main points

  • Give schedule

  • Handout?

  • Questions?


The middle

The Middle

  • Have 3 or 4 main points

    • They will not remember more than 4 points!

  • Take 80% + of the time

  • Have signposts and summaries


The ending

The Ending

  • Summarize main points

  • Relate conclusion to them

  • Don’t present new ideas

  • Be interesting

  • Be brief


Rehearsal

Rehearsal

  • Rehearsal is the most important part of preparing

  • Run through your presentation at least twice

  • Check timing


The beginning1

The Beginning

Capture interest

Relate subject to the audience

Be brief


Useful phrases beginning

Useful Phrases — Beginning

  • Saying hello

    • Good morning, ladies and gentlemen

    • Good afternoon, everyone.

    • Right, …

  • Expressing purpose

    • My purpose/objective/aim today is …

    • What I want to do this morning is …

    • I’m here today to …


Useful phrases beginning 2

Useful Phrases — Beginning 2

  • Signposting

    • This talk is divided into four main parts: first, …etc.

    • Let me begin with/To start with/Firstly, I’d like to look at …

    • Then/Secondly, I’ll be talking* about …

    • Thirdly, …

    • My fourth point will be about …

    • Finally, I’ll be looking at …

* These are examples of the future continuous.


Useful phrases beginning 3

Useful Phrases — Beginning 3

  • Schedule

    • My presentation/talk/lecture will take/last about 20 minutes.

    • We’ll be having a coffee break at about …

    • We’ll be stopping for lunch at …


Useful phrases beginning 4

Useful Phrases — Beginning 4

  • Inviting questions

    • If anyone has any questions, please feel free to interrupt at any time.

    • If you have any questions, please stop me at any time, and I will be happy to answer them.

    • Please stop me at any time if you have any questions.

  • Discouraging questions

    • At the end of my talk, there will be a question and answer session. I would appreciate it if you could keep your questions until then.

    • I’ll be happy to answer any questions you have at the end of my presentation.


Language

Language

“the person who uses a lot of big words is not trying to inform you; he’s trying to impress you.” O. Miller


Language the don ts

Language — the Don’ts

  • Avoid jargon

  • Avoid complex phrases

  • Avoid being too formal

  • Avoid long sentences


Language the dos

Language — the Dos

So what can we do?

  • Use everyday language

  • Use concrete words

  • Use rhetorical questions

  • Use dramatic structures


Signposting

Signposting

  • Signpost

  • Summarize

  • Use check-up questions


Useful phrases language

Useful Phrases — Language

  • Moving on

    • Let’s now move on to/turn to …

    • I now want to go on to …

    • This leads/brings me to …

    • I’d like to move on to/turn to …

    • So far we have looked at … . Now I’d like to …


Useful phrases language 2

Useful Phrases — Language 2

  • Asking check-up questions

    • Are you with me so far?

    • Is everyone with me?

    • Is that clear to everyone?

    • Before I go on, are there any questions about …?

  • Using rhetorical questions

    • What should we do ? (pause)

    • How much would it cost? (pause)


Useful phrases language 3

Useful Phrases — Language 3

  • Dramatic structures

    • We have a revolutionary product.

      What we have is a revolutionary product.

  • Giving examples

    • Let me give you an example.

    • Such as …

    • For instance …


Useful phrases language 4

Useful Phrases — Language 4

  • Summarizing

    • What I’m trying to say is …

    • Let me just try and sum that up before we move on to …

  • Making Comparisons

    • It’s like …

    • Its’ as if …

  • Painting word pictures

    • Imagine …

    • Suppose …


Visual aids and body language

Visual Aids and Body Language


Flip chart whiteboard

Flip Chart & Whiteboard

  • Big & bold

  • Use drawings

  • Use colors

  • Face audience, talk, write, talk

  • Flip over/wipe off when finished


Using powerpoint

Using PowerPoint

  • Show one point at a time

  • Use a pointer on the slide

  • Switch it off so they focus on you


Making powerpoint

Making PowerPoint

  • Max. 8 lines

  • Use keywords

  • Use pictures

  • Use colors

KISS

Keep It Simple, Stupid


Slide structure bad

Slide Structure – Bad 

  • This page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you.


Fonts bad

Fonts – Bad 

  • If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have written

  • CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ

  • Don’t use a complicated font


Colour bad

Colour - Bad 

  • Using a font colour that does not contrast with the background colour is hard to read

  • Using colour for decoration is distracting and annoying.

  • Using a different colour for each point is unnecessary

    • Using a different colour for secondary points is also unnecessary

  • Trying tobe creativecan alsobe bad


Making successful presentations

直接貼PDF檔


Claude shannon

Claude Shannon

  • The Father of Modern Information Theory

  • Published a”A Mathematical Theory of Communication” in 1948: Before Shannon, it was commonly believed that the only way of achieving arbitrarily small probability of error in a communication channel was to reduce the transmission rate to zero. All this changed in 1948 with the publication of A Mathematical Theory of Communication, where Shannon characterized a channel by a single parameter; the channel capacity, and showed that it was possible to transmit information at any rate below capacity with an arbitrarily small probability of error. His method of proof was to show the existence of a single good code by averaging over all possible codes. His paper established fundamental limits on the efficiency of communication over noisy channels, and presented the challenge of finding families of codes that achieve capacity. The method of random coding does not produce an explicit example of a good code, and in fact it has taken fifty years for coding theorists to discover codes that come close to these fundamental limits on telephone line channels.

  • Created the idea that all information could be represented using 1s and 0s. Called these fundamental units BITS.

  • Created the concept data transmission in BITS per second.

  • Won a Nobel prize for his master’s thesis in 1936, titled, “A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits”, it provided mathematical techniques for building a network of switches and relays to realize a specific logical function, such as a combination lock.

  • Created the idea that all information could be represented using 1s and 0s. Called these fundamental units BITS.

勿頂天立地


Claude shannon1

Claude Shannon

  • The Father of Modern Information Theory

  • 1948 Published ”A Mathematical Theory of Communication”

  • Created the idea that all information could be represented using 1s and 0s. Called these fundamental units BITS.

  • Won a Nobel prize for his master’s thesis in 1936, titled, “A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits


Graphs bad

Graphs - Bad 


Parents underestimate their influence

Teens: Who Most Influences Your Decisions About Sex?

Parents: Who Most Influences Teens’ Decisions About Sex?

Parents

Teens’ Friends

Parents Underestimate Their Influence

Parents

Friends

With One Voice 2003: Parents Underestimate Their Influence


Useful phrases presenting visuals

I’d like you to look at this …

Let me show you …

As you can see …

Let’s have a look at …

Let’s look at …

If you look at the screen, you’ll see …

This table/diagram/Chart/slide shows …

On the right/left you can see …

More dramatic

Have a look at …

Look at …

I’ll let you read this one. (pause)

Useful Phrases — Presenting Visuals


Tips for making effective powerpoint presentations

Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations

  • Be consistent

    • font, colors, & background

  • Limit the number of words on each screen 

    • Use key phrases

    • include only essential information

  • Limit punctuation & avoid putting words in all capital letters

  • Use contrasting colors for text and background. 

    • Dark text on a light background is best. 


Tips for making effective powerpoint presentations 2

Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations 2

5.  Avoid the use of flashy transitions

  • text fly-ins 

    6.  Avoid overuse special effects

  • animation & sounds

    7.  Use good quality images

  • reinforce & complement your message

    8.  Have content appear on the screen

  • in a consistent, simple manner

  • from the top or left is best

    9.  Limit the number of slides. 

  • one slide per minute


Tips for making effective powerpoint presentations 3

Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations 3

10.  Learn to navigate your presentation in a non-linear fashion.

11.   Know how to and practice moving

  • forward & backward within your presentation

    12.  Make sure your slides on the screen are readable

  • from the back row seats

    13.   Have a Plan B

  • in the event of technical difficulties

    14.   Practice with someone & ask for feedback

  • about colors, content, effects or graphics


Tips for making effective powerpoint presentations 4

Tips for Making Effective PowerPoint Presentations 4

15.  Do not read from your slides

  • The content of your slides is for the audience, not for the presenter.

    16.  Do not speak to your slides

    17.  Do not apologize for anything in your presentation 

  • If you believe something will be hard to read or understand, don't use it

    18.  When possible, run your presentation from the hard disk rather than a floppy disk 


Important elements

Content

Tone of voice

Body language

7%

38%

55%

Important Elements

“To sway (move) an audience, you must watch them as you speak.”

C. Kent Wright


Body language the dos

Body Language—the Dos

  • Move hands & arms

  • Move around the room

  • Move towards audience

  • Move your eyes around the audience

  • Moving is normal


Body language the don ts

Body Language –the Don’ts

  • Don’t point at anyone

  • Don’t rock backwards and forwards

  • Don’t stand rooted to the spot

  • Don’t leave your hands by your sides

  • Don’t avoid eye contact


Voice pronunciation

Voice & Pronunciation

  • Project your voice

    • Aim for the back

  • Emphasize importance

    • Say some words louder

    • Repeat important words


Making it interesting

Making it Interesting

  • Go faster to excite

  • Go slower to show importance

  • Pause often & look around audience

  • Give emphasis with voice & body


The ending1

The Ending

  • Finish on time

  • Cut out, but not summing up or conclusion


Ending

Ending

  • Sum up

  • Conclude

  • Handouts?

  • Any questions?

  • Close


Useful phrases ending

Useful Phrases —Ending

  • Making a Recommendation

    • So, what I would suggest is that we …

    • So, I would recommend that the …

  • Handouts

    • I’ll be distributing the handouts in a few moments.

    • The handouts are over by the door.

    • Copies of my slides are on the table by the door.


Useful phrases ending 2

Useful Phrases — Ending 2

  • Questions

    • If you have any questions or comments, I’ll be happy to answer them.

    • If there are any questions, I’ll do my best to answer them.

    • Are there any more questions?

    • I’ll be happy to answer any questions, but I’d like to hold the last few minutes for a summary.

    • If anyone has any questions or comments to start us off …


Useful phrases ending 3

Useful Phrases—Ending 3

  • Closing

    • Thank you for your attention/time.

    • Thank you for listening.

    • Thank you very much.

    • Thank you.


Making it interesting1

Making it Interesting

  • A visual

  • A quotation

  • A story/anecdote

  • A question

  • A call for action


Good luck to your presentation

Good Luck to Your Presentation

  • Body language is important

  • Talk to your audience, don’t read it

  • KISS: Keep It Simple, Stupid.

  • End on time

  • Practice makes Perfect!


Any questions

Any Questions?


References

References

  • Professional Presentations, 1998. Cambridge University Press

  • 謝寶煖, 2006. 簡報輕鬆做.


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