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物流理论与实践 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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物流理论与实践. 主要内容. 物流基础理论 物流的竞争模式 物流现状 供应链与物流. 物流的起源. 物流源于军事领域,在 1905 年就有人明确地提出并解释物流这个概念,在第二次世界大战中物流理论和方法得到完善。. 什么是物流?. “ 物流是为满足消费者需求而进行的对原材料、中间库存、最终产品及相关信息从 起始地到消费 地的有效流动与存储的计划、实施与控制的 过程 ” 。 -- 美国物流协会. 物流体系框架. 供应. 制造. 运筹学. 基本假设. 基本原理. 管理学. 经济学. 基本概念. 基本技术. 基本方法. 系统论. 流通.

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物流理论与实践

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  • 1905


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  • --


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1


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2


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3


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  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4


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1


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2


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  • TCL


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  • 4PL

  • /


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4PL

3PL

3PL


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1.

2034

  • 2.

  • 2%90%


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  • TCL


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/

/

1

/

/

/

/

2

1000kg

(

10

)

1

5-300kg

2

(

/

)

0-45kg


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/

/

2000

2001

2002

B2B

45---1000kg

0

300%

0.1

0.4

B2C/C2C

0---45kg

150%

0.1

0.2

0.5

45---1000kg

20%

180

216

260

0---45kg

10%

/

180

198

218


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  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4/

  • 5

  • 6

  • 7

  • 8

  • 9

  • 10


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2001

21%

37%

36%

21%

28%

43%

4%

14%

20%

7%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%


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2001

38%

40%

35%

34%

35%

30%

30%

25%

19%

19%

19%

20%

13%

15%

11%

10%

10%

5%

0%


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2001

22%

3PL

23%

11%

23%

67%

54%

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%


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2001

13%

7%

20%

13%

7%

7%

0%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%


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21%

21%

29%

7%

7%

7%

7%

29%

5%

10%

15%

20%

25%

30%

35%

2001

0%


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39%

61%

2001


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B-B

B-C


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  • 3468023332693448127718252499 1822202024%


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520

1999


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A

Regulatory

Compliance

Material

Suppliers

A

&

Manufacturer

Global

Quality, Variety,

Competition

& Cost Pressures

Distributor

Retailers

Delivery

Retailer

Expectations

Consumer


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  • 20

  • 6000


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  • (Lead time)

  • (Dependability)

  • (Communication)

  • (Convenience)


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A

  • B2C

2000

2001

2002

2003


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/

  • DC)

  • CPFR

  • 30-50%

  • >


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/

/

/

/

MSC

A

JIT/

BPR

SCM/LES


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42.73%

57.23%

11.55%

60.15%

28.3%

  • -----


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/


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WIP

-----------------


Forrester

Demand

Demand

Time

Time

Forrester

Demand

Demand

Demand

Time

Time

Time

  • (, )

Demand

Demand

Time

Time


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CREDIT CARD

1234 5678 9012

1234 5678 9012

VALID FROM

GOOD THRU

XX/XX/XX

XX/XX/XX

XX/XX/XX

XX/XX/XX

S FRESHWATER

Suppliers

Operations

Procurement

Distribution

Sales

Consumer


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$90

$80

$70

$60

$50

Cost (millions $)

$40

$30

$20

$10

$-

0

2

4

6

8

10

Number of Warehouses


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:$69,500,000

750 Miles

:$61,800,000

: 315 Miles

Is there opportunity in your network?


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A

A10

WMS

///

/RFDC


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