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Location. UNEP. OAS. ANA. Govt agencies Communities External agents Schools. Water Users. São Francisco Project Operational Structure. GEF São Francisco. P2. ACTIVITIES S1 S2 S3... Sn. WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAM. Priority Issues i n the San Francisco Basin.

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Location


UNEP

OAS

ANA

Govt agencies Communities External agents Schools

Water Users

São Francisco Project Operational Structure

GEF São Francisco

P2

ACTIVITIES

S1 S2 S3... Sn

WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAM


Priority Issues in the San Francisco Basin

  • Insufficient water for the multiple uses

  • Undisciplined exploitation ef the surface water

  • separated from the groundwater

  • Water use conflicts

  • Restrictions to navigation

  • Inadequate soil occupancy and use

  • Water pollution from point and diffuse sources

  • Degradation of the aquatic ecosystem and loss of biodiversity

  • Lack of institutional integration and cooperation


GEF Project Components

  • I- River Basin and Coastal Zone Environmental Analysis

  • II- Public and Stakeholder Participation

  • III- Organizational Structure Development

  • IV- Watershed Management Program Formulation

a) Information Sharing and Dissemination

b) Quantification of Water use and use Conflicts

c) Financial Mechanisms

d) Formulation of the WMP


Basic Principles of the GEF Projects

  • Community Involvement: Bottom up formulation

  • Continuity: Who will be responsible

  • Sustainability: Assuring the necessary support

  • Replicability: Multiplying the successful practices


Spatial Distribution of Activities


Best Practices


Causal Chain Analysis


Spatial Distribution of Activities, by Components


Best Practices - A

  • Assesment of mining impacts on the water resources of the Upper São Francisco


Best Practices - B

  • Partnership with communities to improve water resources quality


Best Practices - C

  • Groundwater Monitoring


Best Practices - D

  • Land-use mapping


Best Practices - E

  • Assessment of contribution of river transport to agricultural progress


Best Practices - F

  • Hydrodinamic and sediment study of

  • the Lower San Francisco and adjacent coastal zone


Best Practices - G

Monitoring water quality in the Lower-Middle San Francisco


Best Practices - H

Restoration of the icthyofauna and determination of nutrient load in the water


Best Practices - I

Preserving springs and riparian forests


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