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Adjectives. Adjectives. An adjective is a word used to describe/modify a noun or pronoun. Adjectives answer the questions: What kind? How many? Which one? or How much?. What kind? . We watched the fast horses. Red cars outsell red trucks. A copper pan is difficult to clean. How many?.

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adjectives1
Adjectives
  • An adjective is a word used to describe/modify a noun or pronoun.
  • Adjectives answer the questions:
    • What kind? How many? Which one? or How much?
what kind
What kind?
  • We watched the fast horses.
  • Red cars outsell red trucks.
  • A copper pan is difficult to clean.
how many
How many?
  • Few people attended the show.
  • Four players were injured during the game.
  • She received both prizes.
which one
Which one?
  • Did you buy those shoes?
  • He is on his third warning.
how much
How much?
  • Is there enough space in the room?
  • I expect more effort from everyone.
  • There has been no rain for three weeks.
articles
Articles
  • The = definite article
    • The noun it modifies refers to a specific person, place, or thing.
  • A and an = indefinite articles
    • The nouns they modify refer to any one of a class of people, places, or things.
when to use a and an
When to use A and An
  • A—before words that begin with a consonant sound
  • An—Words that begin with a vowel sound or a silent H
      • An hour
proper adjectives
Proper Adjectives
  • A proper adjective is a proper noun used as an adjective or an adjective formed from a proper noun.
  • Proper adjectives begin with a capital letter.
  • Examples:
    • Mexican museum
    • Chicago storm
adverbs

Adverbs

Modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

examples
Examples
  • Mike scrambled quickly from the icy pond.
  • He was extremely cold.
  • He had fallen into the pond quiteaccidentally.
slide13

An adverb answers the question:

    • WHERE?
    • WHEN?
    • IN WHAT WAY?
    • TO WHAT EXTENT?
adverbs modifying adjectives
Adverbs Modifying Adjectives
  • Answers the question: To what extent?
  • Usually comes directly before the adjective:
    • very glad
    • absolutely wrong
    • almost ready
    • entirely grateful
adverbs modifying adverbs
Adverbs Modifying Adverbs
  • Answers the question: To what extent?
  • Generally comes directly before the adverb:
    • moved very quickly
    • climbed almost over
    • not completely wrong
    • only just recognizable
slide17

Many adverbs are formed by adding –ly to adjectives.

    • strong + ly = strongly honest + ly = honestly
    • true + ly = truly happy + ly = happily
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