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Student Contribution to the Cost of Higher Education in the United States. Multinational Higher Education Forum March 17, 2006 Paul Lingenfelter, President, SHEEO. Carnegie Commission on Higher Education, 1973. Economic costs, including the net loss of potential income to students.

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Student contribution to the cost of higher education in the united states

Student Contribution to the Cost of Higher Education in the United States

Multinational Higher Education Forum

March 17, 2006

Paul Lingenfelter, President, SHEEO



Economic costs, including the net loss of potential income to students

Public sources & philanthropy

Students & parents

Carnegie Commission on Higher Education, 1973

Monetary outlays for the educational and living expenses of students

Students & parents

Public sources & philanthropy


Carnegie Commission on Higher Education, 1973 to students

  • Equity of opportunity

  • Additional public investments in need-based student assistance

  • Charging progressively higher fees for advanced undergraduate and graduate instruction

  • Developing more progressive tax systems

  • Narrowing the “gap” between student costs in public and private institutions


Important developments since 1973 to students

U.S. Student Assistance, 2004-2005

Source: College Board


Important developments since 1973 to students

Growing Tuition and Fees – Constant (2005) Dollars

Source: College Board


Important developments since 1973 to students

Earnings Premium of a College Degree

88%

Premium above High School Credential

50%


Important developments since 1973 to students

Enrollment Growth and Public Higher Education Appropriations per FTE

U.S., Fiscal 1981-2005

Source: SHEEO SHEF


New Hampshire to students

Massachusetts

South Carolina

North Carolina

United States

South Dakota

Pennsylvania

North Dakota

West Virginia

Rhode Island

New Mexico

Connecticut

Washington

New Jersey

Tennessee

Mississippi

Minnesota

Wisconsin

Oklahoma

New York

Nebraska

Louisiana

Delaware

California

Arkansas

Kentucky

Maryland

Colorado

Michigan

Alabama

Montana

Vermont

Missouri

Georgia

Nevada

Arizona

Kansas

Oregon

Virginia

Indiana

Alaska

Hawaii

Florida

Illinois

Texas

Maine

Idaho

Iowa

Utah

Ohio

Important developments since 1973

Projected State and Local Budget Deficits as a Percent of Revenues, 2013

Source: NCHEMS; Don Boyd (Rockefeller Institute of Government), 2005


$9212 to students

$9126

Important developments since 1973

Total Educational Revenues per FTE by Component, U.S., Fiscal 1991-2005

Source: SHEEO SHEF


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

State Undergraduate Grant Aid per Undergraduate Student by State, 2003-04

Source: National Association of State Student Grant & Aid Programs


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Total Educational Revenues per Student

by State, Fiscal 2005

Source: SHEE SHEF


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Net Tuition as a Percent of Public Higher Education Total Educational Revenues

by State, Fiscal 2005

Source: SHEE SHEF


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Annual Tuition and Required Fees at Public Flagship Universities

by State, 2005-06

Source: 2005-06: Tuition and Fee Rates: A National Comparison, Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board.


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Annual Tuition and Required Fees at Public Community Colleges

by State, 2005-06

Source: 2005-06: Tuition and Fee Rates: A National Comparison, Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board.


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Enrollment in Public Community Colleges as a Percent of Fall 2004 Headcount

by State

Source: IPEDS


Six Largest States to students

Diversity Among the States

Enrollment in Private Institutions as a Percent of Fall 2004 Headcount

by State

Source: IPEDS


Current Challenges to students

College Participation by SES Status

Source: Access Denied, Department of Education, February 2001


Current Challenges to students

Year-to-Year Change in U.S. Population, 2002-2020

Source: U.S. Census Bureau


Non-Hispanic White to students18%

Hispanic 49%

Non-Hispanic Black16%

Native American1%

Asian/Pacific Islander 16%

Current Challenges

New 18-24 Year Olds by Race

Source: Demography and the Future of Higher Education Policy, Richard Fry, April 2001


Public to students

75%

Private, not-for-profit

20%

Private, for profit

5%

Current Challenges

Growth of the For-Profit Sector


The Crystal Ball to students

The more things change, the more they stay the same.

The upward spiral in costs will moderate, not end.

The “secular trend” toward higher fees will continue: the middle class will protect its interests.


The Crystal Ball to students

Enrollments will grow at lower cost, less selective and for-profit institutions.

Need-based financial aid will be combined with academic standards.

No Child Left Behind – If affordable


Contact Information to students

Paul Lingenfelter

President, SHEEO

[email protected]

303-541-1605


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