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Johann Gutenberg Review. Where was Johann Gutenberg from? How did China contribute to Gutenberg’s invention centuries before? Name one historic event that the invention of the printing press allowed to happen. Germany.

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Johann gutenberg review

Johann Gutenberg Review

  • Where was Johann Gutenberg from?

  • How did China contribute to Gutenberg’s invention centuries before?

  • Name one historic event that the invention of the printing press allowed to happen.


Johann gutenberg review

Germany


Johann gutenberg review

  • China had produced the first woodblock printing in the 200s and created moveable type print in the 1000s.


Johann gutenberg review

  • The invention of the modern printing press allowed for

    • the Reformation,

    • the Scientific Revolution,

    • the Age of Exploration

    • and the Enlightenment

  • to take place.


10 2 2013

10-2-2013

  • EQ: How did the work of Machiavelli influence how people viewed political power?

  • I can describe some of Machiavelli's political ideas from The Prince.

  • What qualities should a good leader have?


Johann gutenberg review

#1 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

“It is better to be feared than loved.”


Johann gutenberg review

#2 Renaissance Figures: Johann Gutenberg

:

Don

The Renaissance was a Movement in Europe in the 1400s that was a rebirth of classic Greek and Roman culture like art, literature, architecture and ideas.

Raph

Mike

Leo

http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Gutenberg-the-Printing-Press-Visual-textual-engaging-12-slide-PowerPoint-679439


Johann gutenberg review

#3 Renaissance Figures: Johann Gutenberg

A rebirth of art

A rebirth of

A rebirth of ideas

A rebirth of

literature

architecture

Greek Philosophers Socrates, Plato, & Aristotle

Roman statue of Augustus

Roman historian Tacitus

Roman writer Cato

Roman columns

Europeans had a ‘rebirth’ or renewed interest in art, architecture, literature and ideas, much like the Greeks and Romans before the Dark Ages

Renaissance playwright Shakespeare

Writer Machiavelli

inventions & drawings by Da Vinci

Renaissance art by DaVinci, Michelangelo

Renaissance architecture (modeled after the Romans)

http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Gutenberg-the-Printing-Press-Visual-textual-engaging-12-slide-PowerPoint-679439

Gutenberg’s Printing Press (1453)


Johann gutenberg review

#4 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Machiavelli was one of several famous Italian Renaissance figures. Although most of these men were known for their visual arts (paintings and sculptures), Machiavelli was famous for his writings.

Donatello – Leonardo – Raphael

Machiavelli – Marco Polo - Michelangelo


Johann gutenberg review

#5 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

According to goodreads.com, Machiavelli’s The Prince is in the top-five best best books from or about the Renaissance:5) The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (Jacob Burckhardt)4) The Prince (Niccolo Machavelli)3) The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall (Christopher Hibbert)2) Brunelleschi’s Dome: How a Renaissance Genius Reinvented Architecture (Ross King)1) The Life of Elizabeth I (Alison Weir)


Johann gutenberg review

#6 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was an Italian writer and politician during the Renaissance. He spent most of his adult life in Florence and served as a government official there.


Johann gutenberg review

#7 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Many historians credit Machiavelli as the founder of political science because of how his work and writings shaped modern politics. Political Science is the study of governments and politics.


Johann gutenberg review

#8 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Machiavelli wrote many different types of literature including historical books, comedies, songs and poems. But his most famous work was a guidebook for rulers to gain and keep power, called The Prince.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s25kX24j250


Johann gutenberg review

#9 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

The Prince had an immediate impact in shaping the behavior of leaders. Certain wealthy and powerful families often controlled parts of Italy. Many members of these families even became popes. One of the most notorious, powerful and wealthy Italian families of the time was the Medici family.

Four Popes from the Medici Family:

Leo X

Clement VII

Pius IV

Leo XI

Cesare Borgia: ruthless leader and son of Pope Alexander VI


Johann gutenberg review

#10 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

The Medici family had controlled Florence for over half a century before a republic was established. Machiavelli served as a politician in that republic. And although his book The Prince discussed how to gain and keep power, the Medici family eventually took over once again and Machiavelli no longer served in government.

Four Popes from the Medici Family:

Leo X

Clement VII

Pius IV

Leo XI

Cesare Borgia: ruthless leader and son of Pope Alexander VI


Johann gutenberg review

#11 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

The Prince was so monumental that words like “Machiavellianism” and “Machiavellian” are still commonly used today to describe any sort of authority figure who tries to manipulate people under their influence.


Johann gutenberg review

#12 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Machiavelli's The Prince was like a Renaissance guide book with advice for rulers. In the book, Machiavelli made suggestions such as ‘don’t hire mercenaries’, ‘don’t borrow troops from your allies’ and ‘make people think you are merciful’.

“Step one, don’t hire mercenaries…”

“Step four, don’t borrow troops from your allies…”

“Step seven, make people think you are merciful, faithful, humane & religious…”

“Step twelve, make sure you are feared, but not to the point of hatred…”


Johann gutenberg review

#13 Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Excerpt from Machiavelli's The Prince:“A controversy has arisen about this: whether it is better to be loved than feared, or vice versa. My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved…For love is sustained by a bond of gratitude which, because men are excessively self-interested, is broken whenever they see a chance to benefit themselves. But fear is sustained by a dread of punishment that is always effective.”1) According to the Prince, what does Machiavelli believe to be the key ingredients for effective leadership?2) Select a quotation from the excerpt that supports your answer to question number one.


Johann gutenberg review

Renaissance Figures: Niccolò Machiavelli

Excerpt from Machiavelli's The Prince:1) A controversy has arisen about this: whether it is better to be loved than feared, or vice versa.2) My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but...3) …it is difficult to achieve both and, if one of them has to be lacking, it is much safer to be feared than loved…4) For love is sustained by a bond of gratitude which, because men are excessively self-interested, is broken whenever they see a chance to benefit themselves.5) But fear is sustained by a dread of punishment that is always effectiveTranslate and shorten each of the five parts of the paragraph into your own words…


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