About SEZ
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About SEZ. India aspires for sustainable economic growth Worldwide experience, SEZs promote economic growth SEZ provides hassle free business environment Includes multi-products industries, commercial, residential establishments Involves acquisition of land at a stretch

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About SEZ

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About sez

About SEZ

  • India aspires for sustainable economic growth

  • Worldwide experience, SEZs promote economic growth

  • SEZ provides hassle free business environment

  • Includes multi-products industries, commercial, residential establishments

  • Involves acquisition of land at a stretch

  • Such acquisition triggers social and environmental consequences

    *SEZ : Special Economic Zone


About sez

Land/Property Acquisition

  • Compulsory acquisition of land and/or properties

  • PAPs suffer economic, social and psychological disruptions

  • Impacts include temporary loss of houses/business

  • Implicates change of neighborhoods and compulsory migration

  • Complexity of losses makes valuation difficult

  • Often leading to physical and psychological disorders

    *PAPs : Project Affected Persons

Contd…


About sez

Land/Property Acquisition

  • Varies with types & size of SEZ

  • Geographical location and existing landuse pattern

  • Land use restrictions in the host community

  • People with vested interest spoil the process

  • Government rate differs with market rates

  • Favorable interpretation of land acquisition Act (LAA, 1894)


About sez

Role of SIA

  • EIA alone cannot support decision making process

  • SIA provides comprehensive information on social impacts

  • Create public awareness about developmental requirements

  • Reduce impacts on people

  • Develop confidence amongst stakeholders for R & R policies

  • Social acceptance prior to environmental clearance

    *SIA : Social Impact Assessment; EIA : Environment Impact Assessment; R & R : Rehabilitation & Resettlement


About sez

SEZ Challenges in India

  • Social acceptance due to inadequate awareness

  • Availability of suitable lands for such projects

  • Land acquisition procedure not transparent

  • R & R policies not properly implemented

  • Local politics and state - central relationship influence

  • Need social intervention through comprehensive SIA


About sez

Responsibility of SIA

  • Safeguard environment and equity in economic benefits

  • Project anticipated changes in quality of life

  • Encourage better community and stakeholder relationship

  • Create concerns over developing pragmatic RAP

  • Involve in decision making process

  • Assess effectiveness of RAP implementation

  • Learn lessons and react


About sez

Thank You


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