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About SEZ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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About SEZ. India aspires for sustainable economic growth Worldwide experience, SEZs promote economic growth SEZ provides hassle free business environment Includes multi-products industries, commercial, residential establishments Involves acquisition of land at a stretch

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

About SEZ

  • India aspires for sustainable economic growth
  • Worldwide experience, SEZs promote economic growth
  • SEZ provides hassle free business environment
  • Includes multi-products industries, commercial, residential establishments
  • Involves acquisition of land at a stretch
  • Such acquisition triggers social and environmental consequences

*SEZ : Special Economic Zone

slide2

Land/Property Acquisition

  • Compulsory acquisition of land and/or properties
  • PAPs suffer economic, social and psychological disruptions
  • Impacts include temporary loss of houses/business
  • Implicates change of neighborhoods and compulsory migration
  • Complexity of losses makes valuation difficult
  • Often leading to physical and psychological disorders

*PAPs : Project Affected Persons

Contd…

slide3

Land/Property Acquisition

  • Varies with types & size of SEZ
  • Geographical location and existing landuse pattern
  • Land use restrictions in the host community
  • People with vested interest spoil the process
  • Government rate differs with market rates
  • Favorable interpretation of land acquisition Act (LAA, 1894)
slide4

Role of SIA

  • EIA alone cannot support decision making process
  • SIA provides comprehensive information on social impacts
  • Create public awareness about developmental requirements
  • Reduce impacts on people
  • Develop confidence amongst stakeholders for R & R policies
  • Social acceptance prior to environmental clearance

*SIA : Social Impact Assessment; EIA : Environment Impact Assessment; R & R : Rehabilitation & Resettlement

slide5

SEZ Challenges in India

  • Social acceptance due to inadequate awareness
  • Availability of suitable lands for such projects
  • Land acquisition procedure not transparent
  • R & R policies not properly implemented
  • Local politics and state - central relationship influence
  • Need social intervention through comprehensive SIA
slide6

Responsibility of SIA

  • Safeguard environment and equity in economic benefits
  • Project anticipated changes in quality of life
  • Encourage better community and stakeholder relationship
  • Create concerns over developing pragmatic RAP
  • Involve in decision making process
  • Assess effectiveness of RAP implementation
  • Learn lessons and react
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