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Real Space For Ecosystem Services Assessment In Italian Local Governance And Institutions? An Expert-based Application And An Exploratory Survey . 4th ESP Conference 2011 Ecosystem Services: integrating Science and Practice

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slide1

Real Space For Ecosystem Services Assessment In Italian Local Governance And Institutions? An Expert-based Application And An Exploratory Survey

4th ESP Conference 2011

Ecosystem Services: integrating Science and Practice

WS 5 – Role of ecosystem services in policy making and institutional aspects

Rocco Scolozzi – Fondazione EdmundMach

Elisa Morri & RiccardoSantolini - University of Urbino

current state questions
Current state - questions
  • The assessment of ecosystem services is the focus of intense policy and management interest.
  • Ecosystem services are becoming increasingly threatened
  • Resources that are not valued in the market and are ignored in management decisions

Whatabout Italy?

current state questions1
Current state - questions
  • “to make ecosystem services a useful framework and applicable tool for environmental management and policy making, the services first need to be quantified and visualized appropriately”

DONE!

…Appropriately?

Who will care about?

Is there space for integration?

Which scale more helpful?

about land use planning in italy
Aboutland-use planning in Italy

20 Regions ≈15.000 km2

103 Provinces ≈ 3.000 km2

8101 Municipalities ≈ 30 km2

about land use planning in italy1
Aboutland-use planning in Italy

Regions  Guidelines and principles

Provinces  Indications prescriptions (e.g. protected areas)

Municipalities  Land-use definitions

expert based assessment of es value change
Expert-basedassessmentof ES valuechange
  • Assessment for 3 scales:
  • -Province
  • Municipality
  • Catchment basin
exploratory survey focus groups and interviews
Exploratorysurvey: focus groups and interviews

Reggio

Emilia

Bologna

Ravenna

Modena

  • At municipal,
  • provincial and regional level:
  • Departments of Urban Planning
  • Departments of Environment
  • Regional Environmental Agency

Reggio

Emilia

Ferrara

Ravenna

about real land use planning
Aboutrealland-use planning

Regions

Provinces

Municipalities

Principle of Subsidiarity

Economic crises!

Construction

Industry

about real place for es
Aboutrealplacefor ES

Regions

Provinces

Municipalities

  • No knowledge/awareness
  • orsome knowledge but not used
  • Environmental values:
  • Merely as nature conservation areas
  • Or as landscape cultural/aesthetic values
  • ...but great interest!
slide10

To incorporate ES intopolicy-making and institutionsrequires:

  • 1. flexibleinstitutions (scales)
  • 2. awarepolicy-makers
  • 3. integrative policies
  • Checklist for Italian cases:
    • 1. No
    • 2. No
    • 3. No
  • Solutions?
slide11

Suitable scale

    • At province scale:
      • To identify ES suitability and related guidelines
      • To manage local conflicts between economic forces and community resources/benefits
    • At catchment basin:
      • To identify “territorial compensations” (e.g. upstream, downstream areas)
      • To define measures/rules according to the scale of ecosystem processes
    • At municipal scale:
      • “not really useful level of detail”
      • “More uncertain, less reliable and probably wrong”
slide12

Quantitative

Qualitative

  • Potentials
    • As criteria for sustainability assessment, impact assessment (EIA, SEA)
    • As framework for integrative environmental accounting of local institutions
    • As criteria for quantification Costs/Benefits of land-use changes
    • As framework for ecological compensations (especially in urban planning)

Quantitative

Qualitative

Quantitative

Quantitative

  • For particular Italian cases (only?): as leverage for reinforce position of public interests vs. private interests within local spatial planning
  • ESA may help to enlarge the perspective/vision
  • ESA as paradigm to overcome short period thinking
slide13

Open questions

    • Reliability of assessment methodology?

“We need of a reliable methodology ... As for budget and accounting, with possibility to be certified”

    • Shared paradigm (perspective)?
      • “Concreteness” of intangible values
      • Monetary vs. non monetary values
      • Monetary values but not market confrontation

“We need of quantification of tangible values”

  • Old question:
  • Feasible estimation vs. impracticable exactness
  • First: change the mental map, raise awareness
  • (a matter of social learning)

Thank s for the attention!

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