Real Space For Ecosystem Services Assessment
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Real Space For Ecosystem Services Assessment In Italian Local Governance And Institutions? An Expert-based Application And An Exploratory Survey . 4th ESP Conference 2011 Ecosystem Services: integrating Science and Practice

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4th esp conference 2011 ecosystem services integrating science and practice

Real Space For Ecosystem Services Assessment In Italian Local Governance And Institutions? An Expert-based Application And An Exploratory Survey

4th ESP Conference 2011

Ecosystem Services: integrating Science and Practice

WS 5 – Role of ecosystem services in policy making and institutional aspects

Rocco Scolozzi – Fondazione EdmundMach

Elisa Morri & RiccardoSantolini - University of Urbino


Current state questions

Current state - questions

  • The assessment of ecosystem services is the focus of intense policy and management interest.

  • Ecosystem services are becoming increasingly threatened

  • Resources that are not valued in the market and are ignored in management decisions

    Whatabout Italy?


Current state questions1

Current state - questions

  • “to make ecosystem services a useful framework and applicable tool for environmental management and policy making, the services first need to be quantified and visualized appropriately”

DONE!

…Appropriately?

Who will care about?

Is there space for integration?

Which scale more helpful?


About land use planning in italy

Aboutland-use planning in Italy

20 Regions ≈15.000 km2

103 Provinces ≈ 3.000 km2

8101 Municipalities ≈ 30 km2


About land use planning in italy1

Aboutland-use planning in Italy

Regions  Guidelines and principles

Provinces  Indications prescriptions (e.g. protected areas)

Municipalities  Land-use definitions


Expert based assessment of es value change

Expert-basedassessmentof ES valuechange

  • Assessment for 3 scales:

  • -Province

  • Municipality

  • Catchment basin


Exploratory survey focus groups and interviews

Exploratorysurvey: focus groups and interviews

Reggio

Emilia

Bologna

Ravenna

Modena

  • At municipal,

  • provincial and regional level:

  • Departments of Urban Planning

  • Departments of Environment

  • Regional Environmental Agency

Reggio

Emilia

Ferrara

Ravenna


About real land use planning

Aboutrealland-use planning

Regions

Provinces

Municipalities

Principle of Subsidiarity

Economic crises!

Construction

Industry


About real place for es

Aboutrealplacefor ES

Regions

Provinces

Municipalities

  • No knowledge/awareness

  • orsome knowledge but not used

  • Environmental values:

  • Merely as nature conservation areas

  • Or as landscape cultural/aesthetic values

  • ...but great interest!


4th esp conference 2011 ecosystem services integrating science and practice

To incorporate ES intopolicy-making and institutionsrequires:

  • 1. flexibleinstitutions (scales)

  • 2. awarepolicy-makers

  • 3. integrative policies

  • Checklist for Italian cases:

    • 1. No

    • 2. No

    • 3. No

  • Solutions?


4th esp conference 2011 ecosystem services integrating science and practice

  • Suitable scale

    • At province scale:

      • To identify ES suitability and related guidelines

      • To manage local conflicts between economic forces and community resources/benefits

    • At catchment basin:

      • To identify “territorial compensations” (e.g. upstream, downstream areas)

      • To define measures/rules according to the scale of ecosystem processes

    • At municipal scale:

      • “not really useful level of detail”

      • “More uncertain, less reliable and probably wrong”


4th esp conference 2011 ecosystem services integrating science and practice

Quantitative

Qualitative

  • Potentials

    • As criteria for sustainability assessment, impact assessment (EIA, SEA)

    • As framework for integrative environmental accounting of local institutions

    • As criteria for quantification Costs/Benefits of land-use changes

    • As framework for ecological compensations (especially in urban planning)

Quantitative

Qualitative

Quantitative

Quantitative

  • For particular Italian cases (only?): as leverage for reinforce position of public interests vs. private interests within local spatial planning

  • ESA may help to enlarge the perspective/vision

  • ESA as paradigm to overcome short period thinking


4th esp conference 2011 ecosystem services integrating science and practice

  • Open questions

    • Reliability of assessment methodology?

      “We need of a reliable methodology ... As for budget and accounting, with possibility to be certified”

    • Shared paradigm (perspective)?

      • “Concreteness” of intangible values

      • Monetary vs. non monetary values

      • Monetary values but not market confrontation

        “We need of quantification of tangible values”

  • Old question:

  • Feasible estimation vs. impracticable exactness

  • First: change the mental map, raise awareness

  • (a matter of social learning)

Thank s for the attention!


Tailored benefit transfer method

Tailored benefit transfer method


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