MODULE II. Monitoring and Evaluating Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Mitigation Programs Anastasia J. Gage Melissa Dunn. Learning Objectives. By the end of this session, participants will be able to: differentiate between monitoring and evaluation
The purpose of monitoring and evaluation is to measure program effectiveness.
What is the nature of the (health) problem?
How Do I know that the strategy is working? How do I judge if the intervention is making a difference?
What primary objectives should my program pursue to address this problem?
How do I know the activities are being implemented as designed? How much does implementation vary from site to site? How can be program become more efficient or effective?
What strategy, interventions and approaches should my program use to achieve these priorities?
Distribute Handout 1: Template for M&E Plan
Organize into 4 groups representing the different categories of GBV intervention:
Review Handout 2: Gender-Based Violence Case Study
A goal is a broad statement of a desired, long-term outcome of a program. Goals represent general big picture statements of desired results.
Objectives are statements of desired, specific, realisticand measurable program results
Source: GAP 2003
Role of a Conceptual Framework
Diagram that identifies and illustrates the relationships between all relevant
systemic, organizational, individual, or other salient factors that may influence
program/project operation and the successful achievement of program or project
Source: Heise 1998
Logic models are diagrams connecting program inputs to processes, outputs, outcome, and impact as they relate to a specific problem or situation. Logic models show what resources your program will need to accomplish its goals, what your program will do, and what it hopes to achieve, emphasizing the links between all these things.
Human and financial resources to develop training materials & implement training program
Improved health and safety of GBV victims
Monitoring and evaluation
Diagram that identifies steps or levels of results and illustrates the causal relationships linking all levels of a program’s objectives
Other terms used
Illustrative Results Frameworks Program
SO1: IncreasedUtilization of Reproductive Health Services
IR2 Expansion of high-quality health services for GBV victims in the public and private sectors
IR1 Strengthened sustainability of GBV programs
IR1.1 Improved policy environment for GBV prevention and response
IR2.1 Increased availability of GBV screening and referral
IR2.2 Improved provider attitude towards GBV
IR1.2 Strengthened NGO advocacy for GBV prevention
IR2.3 Improved provider competence in GBV screening, referral, care, & counseling
What is an Indicator? Program
An indicator is a specific, observable, and measurable characteristic that can be used to show changes or progress a program is making toward achieving a specific outcome.
Indicators do not specify a particular level of achievement — the words “improved,” “increased,” or “decreased” do not belong in an indicator.
Calculations: percentages, rates, ratios
Index, composite measures
presence, absence; pre-determined level or standard
As a class, look at the indicators that the groups selected in the previous activity
Discuss the following:
Bloom, Shelah S. Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators (MS-08-30). Chapel Hill, NC: MEASURE Evaluation, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina and Chapel Hill; 2008.
United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, United Nations Statistical Division. Indicators to Measure Violence against Women. Report of the Expert Group Meeting, 8 to 10 October 2007. Geneva: United Nations Human Rights Council; 2008.
Report of the special rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, by Yakin Ertürk. Indicators on violence against women and state response. Advance edited version 28 January 2008.
Distribute Handout 8
Organize into 4 groups
Write an operational definition for one of the following indicators:
After 15 minutes, a member of each group will share the operational definitions
Sometimes a man is annoyed or angered by things that his wife does. In your opinion, is a man justified in hitting or beating his wife in the following situations:
Distribute Handout 9
One of the objectives of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs in Country X is to reduce the prevalence of intimate partner violence. The 2000 DHS showed that 30% of ever-married women aged 15-49 years in the country had ever experienced intimate partner emotional, sexual, or physical violence. A comparable DHS conducted in 2005-2006 showed that the prevalence of intimate partner violence (emotional, physical, or sexual) was 25% among ever-married women aged 15-49. Based on these trends, what would be a realistic national target for this indicator in 2010?
Health service statistics
Crime statistics (of poor quality in many LDCs)
Behavioral surveillance systems
6. Cost – Effectiveness Study
1. National Survey
2. Sentinel Site Studies
3. (National) Qualitative Impact Assessment
4. NNVAW Partnership Study
5. Media Monitoring
When monitoring and evaluating GBV programs, the confidentiality, privacy, safety, and well-being of GBV survivors must be top priority at all times.