Download

Blueprint Reading for the Machine Trades, Sixth Edition Unit 1:Dictionary of Terms






Advertisement
/ 277 []
Download Presentation
Comments
mareo
From:
|  
(1093) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 1248 | Added:
Rate Presentation: 5 0
Description:
Blueprint Reading for the Machine Trades, Sixth Edition Unit 1:Dictionary of Terms. Russ Schultz and Larry Smith PowerPoint presentation created by LaVonne Vichlach. Dictionary of Terms. Abrasive A material used to cut other materials softer than itself. Dictionary of Terms. Allowance
Blueprint Reading for the Machine Trades, Sixth Edition Unit 1:Dictionary of Terms

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Slide 1

Blueprint Reading for the Machine Trades, Sixth Edition Unit 1:Dictionary of Terms

Russ Schultz and Larry Smith

PowerPoint presentation created by LaVonne Vichlach

Slide 2

Dictionary of Terms

Abrasive

A material used to cut other materials softer than itself.

Slide 3

Dictionary of Terms

Allowance

  • Minimum clearance

  • Or maximum interference

  • Occurs between two mating parts-e.g.. a shaft and a hole

Slide 4

Dictionary of Terms

Alloy

  • Mixture of two or more elements

  • One is metallic

  • Melt together to form new material

Slide 5

Dictionary of Terms

Angular Dimension

  • Dimension measured using

    • Degrees

    • Minutes

    • Seconds

Slide 6

Dictionary of Terms

Anneal

  • Heat treat process

  • Cool heated material slowly

  • Removes stresses

  • Reduces hardness

Slide 7

Dictionary of Terms

Arbor

  • Shaft that cutting tool is mounted on

  • Spindle that holds a workpiece

Slide 8

Dictionary of Terms

Assembly Drawing

  • Drawing that shows relationship of components that fit together

Slide 9

Dictionary of Terms

Auxiliary View

  • Orthographic view projected angularly

  • Shows features appearing on inclined surfaces

  • Shows features appearing on oblique surfaces

Slide 10

Dictionary of Terms

Axis

  • Central line about which parts are arranged

  • Elements may or may not revolve around it

Slide 11

Dictionary of Terms

Baseline dimensioning

  • System of dimensioning used to locate features of a part-e.g. holes

  • Uses a common set of datums

Slide 12

Dictionary of Terms

Basic dimension

  • Exact value of a feature-no tolerance is used

  • Describes the following:

    • Size

    • Location

Slide 13

Dictionary of Terms

Basic size

  • Exact theoretical size

  • Limits of size are derived from them by

    • Application of allowances

    • Application of tolerances

Slide 14

Dictionary of Terms

Bevel

  • Flat, slanted surface between two other surfaces

  • Surfaces are at right angles to one another

Slide 15

Dictionary of Terms

Bilateral

  • “Bi” means two

  • Indicates that two sides are used

  • E.g.---bilateral tolerances

Slide 16

Dictionary of Terms

Blind hole

  • Hole that does not go through all of the material

  • Common in thick parts

Slide 17

Dictionary of Terms

Bolt circle

  • Circular centerline

  • Two or more hole centers are located on it

Slide 18

Dictionary of Terms

Bore

  • Process to enlarge a hole to an accurate size

  • Held to close tolerances

  • Usually specified with limit dimensions

Slide 19

Dictionary of Terms

Boss

  • Raised cylindrical projection-always circular

  • Provides extra metal around a hole in casting or forging

  • Similar to a pad-pad may be any other shape-function is same-provide more material

Slide 20

Dictionary of Terms

Broach

  • Process to produce desired shape in cylindrical hole

    • Keyway

    • Hex shape

Slide 21

Dictionary of Terms

Broach

  • Broaching tool

    • Series of teeth

    • Gradually increasing in size

    • Cutting is done as tool is pushed or pulled through hole

Slide 22

Dictionary of Terms

Burnish

  • Finish or polish metal

  • Roll or slide a tool over the surface under pressure

Slide 23

Dictionary of Terms

Burr

  • Jagged edge of metal produced by working the metal

  • Common note of blueprints is to “remove all burrs”

Slide 24

Dictionary of Terms

Bushing

  • Replaceable insert

  • Provide metal with better wearing quality

Slide 25

Dictionary of Terms

CAD drawing

  • Drawing created by computer-aided drafting methods

  • Electronically stored, revised and retrieved

Slide 26

Dictionary of Terms

Cam

  • Mechanical device used to change rotary motion to some other motion

  • Reciprocating or sliding

Slide 27

Dictionary of Terms

Carburize (CARB.)

  • Heat low-carbon steel to temperature below its melting point

  • Heated in carbonaceous solids, liquids, or gases to raise level of carbon on outside surfaces

  • Cooled slowly

Slide 28

Dictionary of Terms

Case hardening

  • Hardening of ferrous alloy

  • Surface layer is harder than the interior core

Slide 29

Dictionary of Terms

Casting

  • Metal object-e.g.-cast iron, cast aluminum

  • Pour molten metal into a mold

Slide 30

Dictionary of Terms

Chain dimensioning

  • Successive dimensions extend from one feature to another

  • Each dimension does not have to originate from a datum

  • Tolerances accumulate with a chain dimension

Slide 31

Dictionary of Terms

Chamfer

  • Corner removed from end of cylindrical surface

  • At an angle to face

  • Used to facilitate assembly

Slide 32

Dictionary of Terms

Clearance hole

  • Hole slightly larger than bolt or fastener

  • Bolt or fastener passes through it freely

  • Permits easy assembly

Slide 33

Dictionary of Terms

Coaxiality

  • Exists when two or more cylindrical features have a common axis

  • Two diameters on a shaft

  • Bore in a round part

Slide 34

Dictionary of Terms

Collar

  • Projecting ring around a shaft

  • Can be used to locate components on an arbor

Slide 35

Dictionary of Terms

Concentricity

  • Condition where median points of a feature’s diametrically opposed elements are located within a cylindrical zone

  • Cylindrical zone is equally centered about a datum axis

Slide 36

Dictionary of Terms

Core

  • Part of a mold

  • Shapes the interior of a casting

  • Sand is major component

Slide 37

Dictionary of Terms

Counterbore

  • Process to enlarge a hole cylindrically at the end

  • Drawing specification includes:

    • Diameter

    • Depth of enlarged section

Slide 38

Dictionary of Terms

Countersink

  • Process to enlarge a hole conically at end

  • Accept a flathead fastener

  • Drawing specifications will include its diameter and included angle

Slide 39

Dictionary of Terms

Datum

  • Location of other features is established using them

  • A datum can be:

    • A point

    • A line

    • A surface

    • A plane

Slide 40

Dictionary of Terms

Degree

  • Unit of angular measurement

  • 360 degrees in a full circle

Slide 41

Dictionary of Terms

Detail drawing

  • Drawing of a single object completely dimensioned

  • All information necessary to produce part is on print

Slide 42

Dictionary of Terms

Die (multiple definitions)

  • Tool used to cut external threads

  • Tool used to:

    • Shape metal

    • Mold metal

    • Stamp metal

    • Cut metal

Slide 43

Dictionary of Terms

Die castings

  • Metal object produced by injecting material into metal dies

  • Material injected into mold under pressure

Slide 44

Dictionary of Terms

Draft

  • Angle provide on pattern or mold

  • Enables easy removal of finished cast or molded part from tooling

Slide 45

Dictionary of Terms

Eccentric

  • Term means off center

  • Eccentric diameters do not share a common axis

Slide 46

Dictionary of Terms

Extrusion

  • Part produced can be a metal object

  • Process forces hot metal through dies of desired shape

Slide 47

Dictionary of Terms

Face

  • Lathe term-machine flat surface perpendicular to the axis of part

  • E.g.-the end of a shaft

Slide 48

Dictionary of Terms

Fastener

  • Connector used to secure two or more parts together

  • Fastener examples:

    • Bolts

    • Nuts

    • Screws

    • Rivets

Slide 49

Dictionary of Terms

Ferrous

  • Metals containing iron as their base

  • E.g.—steel, cast iron

Slide 50

Dictionary of Terms

Fillet

  • Concave surface (interior radius)

  • At intersection of two surfaces of an object

Slide 51

Dictionary of Terms

Fin

  • Thin projecting edge on cast or molded part

  • Common in castings and produced where mold halves come together

Slide 52

Dictionary of Terms

Finish marks

  • Symbols appearing on edge view of surfaces to be machined

  • Usually found on drawings of castings and forgings

Slide 53

Dictionary of Terms

Fixture

  • Device designed to position and hold a part in a machine tool

  • Does not guide cutting tool

  • References part to tool

Slide 54

Dictionary of Terms

Flame hardening

  • Process of hardening steel

  • Can use Oxyacetylene torch and quench material in quenching medium

Slide 55

Dictionary of Terms

Flange

  • Projecting rim or collar on an object

  • May include mounting holes to secure it in place

Slide 56

Dictionary of Terms

Forge

  • Force hot metal into a desired shape

  • Process includes hammering or squeezing

Slide 57

Dictionary of Terms

Gauge

  • The thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire

  • Designated by number rather than a dimension

Slide 58

Dictionary of Terms

Geometric tolerancing

  • Tolerances on drawings

  • Emphasis on:

    • Actual function or relationship of part features

    • Interchangeability is critical

Slide 59

Dictionary of Terms

Gusset

  • Angular piece of metal

  • Fastened in angle of metal frame to strengthen or add stiffness

Slide 60

Dictionary of Terms

Hardness test

  • Measures degree of hardness of metals

  • Uses numerical values for hardness

Slide 61

Dictionary of Terms

Heat treatment

  • Application of heat to metals

  • Produces a variety of desired properties depending on type of heat treat

Slide 62

Dictionary of Terms

Horizontal

  • Parallel to the horizon

  • Machine tool can be describe by this term-e.g.-horizontal mill

Slide 63

Dictionary of Terms

Hub

  • Central part of a wheel

  • Part into which spokes are inserted

Slide 64

Dictionary of Terms

Inclined surface

  • Flat surface slanting in one direction

  • Appears as an edge in one principal view

  • Appears distorted in others

Slide 65

Dictionary of Terms

Included angle

  • Angle formed between one side and another

  • Always less than 180 °

Slide 66

Dictionary of Terms

Isometric drawing

  • Three-dimensional pictorial drawing

  • Horizontal surfaces drawn on 30° axes from horizontal

Slide 67

Dictionary of Terms

Jig

  • Device used to hold a part to be machined

  • Positions and guides cutting tool

Slide 68

Dictionary of Terms

Key

  • Metal bar or wedge

  • Secures gears or pulleys to shaft

  • Prevents rotary motion between two pieces

Slide 69

Dictionary of Terms

Keyseat

  • An axially located groove in a shaft

  • Positions the key

Slide 70

Dictionary of Terms

Keyway

  • An axially located groove in a hub

  • Positions the key

Slide 71

Dictionary of Terms

Lap

  • Produce finished surface

  • Uses soft metal impregnated with a fine abrasive powder

Slide 72

Dictionary of Terms

Least material condition

  • Minimum amount of material is present

  • Maximum hole size

  • Smallest shaft size

  • LMC

Slide 73

Dictionary of Terms

Limits

  • Maximum and minimum permissible dimensions

  • Arrive at by applying tolerances to basic dimensions

Slide 74

Dictionary of Terms

Linear dimension

  • A dimension measured in a straight line

  • Most common of dimensions on part prints

Slide 75

Dictionary of Terms

Maximum material condition

  • Maximum amount of material is present

  • Smallest hole diameter

  • Largest shaft size

  • MMC

Slide 76

Dictionary of Terms

Neck

  • External groove in a cylindrical piece

  • Change in diameter

  • Usually generated where another part fits against a shoulder

Slide 77

Dictionary of Terms

Nominal size

  • Term used for purposes of general identification

  • E.g.—3/4-in. plate or 1-in. pipe

Slide 78

Dictionary of Terms

Nonferrous

  • Metals that do no contain iron

  • E.g.-

    • Brass

    • Bronze

    • aluminum

Slide 79

Dictionary of Terms

Normalizing

  • Process of heating steel

  • Cool in still air to room temperature

  • Restore uniform grain structure and relieves internal stresses

Slide 80

Dictionary of Terms

Oblique surface

  • Flat surface slanting in two directions

  • Will appear distorted in all principal views

Slide 81

Dictionary of Terms

Orthographic projection

  • Process of projecting essential views of three-dimensional object onto flat plane

  • Used to generate machinist’s blueprints

Slide 82

Dictionary of Terms

Pad

  • Raised projection on a casting

  • Provides extra metal around series of holes or a slotted hole

Slide 83

Dictionary of Terms

Parallel

  • Extending in the same direction-e.g.-two lines

  • Equidistant at any point

  • Lines do not meet

Slide 84

Dictionary of Terms

Pattern

  • Model made of wood, metal, or other material

  • Used to form a cavity in sand for pouring castings

Slide 85

Dictionary of Terms

Perpendicular

  • Being at a right angle to a given line or plane

  • Or 90° to a given line or plane

Slide 86

Dictionary of Terms

Pickle

  • Process to remove stains or oxide from parts

  • Parts immersed in an acid solution

Slide 87

Dictionary of Terms

Pinion

  • In a gear assembly

  • The smaller of the two mating gears

Slide 88

Dictionary of Terms

Pitch

  • Distance from a point on a thread to a corresponding point on next adjacent thread

  • Measured parallel to the axis to the thread

Slide 89

Dictionary of Terms

Profile view

  • View that most clearly illustrates shape of a feature is considered profile view

  • With hole-it is view which shows it is round

Slide 90

Dictionary of Terms

Quenching

  • Cool metal rapidly

  • Immerse in water or oil

Slide 91

Dictionary of Terms

Radius

  • Distance from center of circle or an arc to its circumference

  • Equal to hone half of a diameter

  • Plural of radius is radii

Slide 92

Dictionary of Terms

Ream

  • Machine operation to enlarge a hole slightly

  • Use rotating fluted tool

  • Provides greater accuracy and better finish

Slide 93

Dictionary of Terms

Reciprocation

  • A straight-line, back and forth motion

  • Move in alternate directions

Slide 94

Dictionary of Terms

Reference dimension

  • Used only for information purposes

  • Does not receive standard print tolerances

  • Should not be used for production or inspection

Slide 95

Dictionary of Terms

Regardless of feature size

  • Condition where tolerance of position must be met irrespective of where the feature lies within size tolerance

  • RFS-is understood and never seen on a part print

Slide 96

Dictionary of Terms

Relief

  • Amount one plane surface sits below another plane

  • Usually provides clearance

Slide 97

Dictionary of Terms

Rib

  • A relatively thin flat member

  • Acts as a brace or support

Slide 98

Dictionary of Terms

Round

  • A convex surface (exterior radius)

  • At the intersection of two surfaces of a casting or forging

Slide 99

Dictionary of Terms

Scale

  • Refers to relative size of drawing and size of part

  • First number represents size of drawing

  • Second number represents size of part

  • Dimensions always represent size of part-not the print

Slide 100

Dictionary of Terms

Section

  • Interior view of an object

  • Drawn to expose features not otherwise visible

Slide 101

Dictionary of Terms

Serrated

  • Surface or edge having notches or sharp teeth

  • Aids in cutting

Slide 102

Dictionary of Terms

Shim

  • Thin piece of metal or other material

  • Placed between two marts to adjust the fit, level a part, etc.

  • Plastic shims are also used

Slide 103

Dictionary of Terms

Shoulder

  • Plane surface on a shaft

  • Normal to the axis

  • Formed by a different diameter

Slide 104

Dictionary of Terms

Spline

  • A raised area on a shaft (external) or hub (internal) parallel to the axis

  • Designed to fit into a recessed area of a mating part

Slide 105

Dictionary of Terms

Spotface

  • A process used to machine a round diameter on a rough surface

  • Found in castings around a hole

  • Provides good seating surface to nut or for head of bolt

Slide 106

Dictionary of Terms

Springs

  • Helical

  • Flat

Slide 107

Dictionary of Terms

Helical springs

  • Compression-supply force when compressed-either in hole or around rod

  • Extension-Supplies force when extended-pulled from end to end-has hooks on each end

  • Torsion-Designed to resist twisting or rotary motion-hooks or projections for connections

Slide 108

Dictionary of Terms

Stud

  • Round piece of metal

  • Threaded on both ends

Slide 109

Dictionary of Terms

Surface roughness

  • Refers to finely spaced irregularities produced in fabricating a part

  • Height of irregularities is rated in microinches or micrometers

Slide 110

Dictionary of Terms

Symmetrical

  • Same on each side

  • Equal halves

  • Centerline usually indicates symmetry

Slide 111

Dictionary of Terms

Tabular dimensioning

  • Type of dimensioning where letters are substituted for dimensions

  • Dimensions are listed in a table on a drawing

  • Permits more than one part to appear on the same drawing

Slide 112

Dictionary of Terms

Tangent

  • Line drawn to the surface of an arc or circle

  • Contacts the arc or circle at only one point

Slide 113

Dictionary of Terms

Tap

  • A tool for cutting threads in a hole

  • Hole is usually drilled to a particular size for threading operation

Slide 114

Dictionary of Terms

Taper

  • Conical shape that permits shaft or hole to become gradually smaller at one end.

  • Common application is tapered shank tools for machining centers

Slide 115

Dictionary of Terms

Temper

  • Change the physical characteristics of hardened steel

  • Reheat to intermediate temperature range to toughen steel

  • Also has softening effect

Slide 116

Dictionary of Terms

Template

  • Thin sheet used as a guide

  • Contains the form and shape of piece to be made

Slide 117

Dictionary of Terms

Tolerance

  • Permissible variation from a given dimension

  • Unilateral, bilateral

Slide 118

Dictionary of Terms

Triangle

  • Three sides figure

  • 180° in a triangle

Slide 119

Dictionary of Terms

Typical

  • Term used with drawing to indicate that all similar undimensioned features are same

  • Have same dimensions as the feature marked TYP (or typical)

Slide 120

Dictionary of Terms

Undercut

  • Groove cut on inside of another cut

  • Hole is an example

Slide 121

Dictionary of Terms

Unilateral

  • Having only one

  • Having only one side

  • Tolerances can be unilateral

Slide 122

Dictionary of Terms

Upset

  • To strike a piece of metal until it becomes greater in its cross section

  • Hammer metal into different shapes

Slide 123

Dictionary of Terms

Vertical

  • Perpendicular to the horizon

  • 90° from the horizontal plane

Slide 124

Dictionary of Terms

Woodruff key

  • Flat key, semicircular in shape

  • Two basic dimensions coded into the key number

Slide 125

Dictionary of Terms

Woodruff key

  • Last two digits indicate diameter in 1/8ths of an inch

  • Preceding two digits designate width in 1/32nds of an inch

Slide 126

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A machining operation that produces a round, flat spot around a hole. Abbreviated SF

Spotface

Slide 127

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A machining operation that uses a toothed cutting tool to produce shapes inside of a hole, such as a keyway.

Broach

Slide 128

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The plural of radius.

Radii

Slide 129

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The term that mean two sides are involved.

Bilateral

Slide 130

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A tool used for cutting internal threads in a hole.

Tap

Slide 131

Terminology Quiz 1

  • Two lines equidistant from each other, extending in the same direction.

Parallel

Slide 132

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The term that describes two lines or planes that are at right angles to one another.

Perpendicular

Slide 133

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A line drawn to an arc that contacts the arc at one point only, without crossing.

Tangent

Slide 134

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The thickness of steel metal by a number rather than a dimension.

Gauge

Slide 135

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A shaft or spindle for holding the cutting tool or workpiece.

Arbor

Slide 136

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A thin piece of metal inserted between two parts to adjust the fit.

Shim

Slide 137

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The smaller of two mating gears.

Pinion

Slide 138

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A hole slightly larger than the fastener intended to pass through it.

Clearance Hole

Slide 139

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A projecting rim or collar used to attach another object.

Flange

Slide 140

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A flat surface perpendicular to the axis, such as the end of a shaft.

Face

Slide 141

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A point, line, or surface from where other features are located.

Datum

Slide 142

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A spring designed to supply force when pulled end to end.

Extension Spring

Slide 143

Terminology Quiz 1

  • The cooling of metals rapidly by immersing them in a liquid.

Quenching

Slide 144

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A dimension used only for information, not for production or inspection.

Reference Dimension

Slide 145

Terminology Quiz 1

  • A drawing made by computer-aided drafting methods.

CAD Drawing

Slide 146

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A machining operation that enlarges the end cylindrically to a specified diameter and depth.

Counterbore

Slide 147

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A machining operation that produces a cone-shaped end to a hole, usually to accept a flat-head fastener.

Countersink

Slide 148

Terminology Quiz 2

  • The permissible variation from a specified dimension.

Tolerance

Slide 149

Terminology Quiz 2

  • The maximum and minimum permissible dimensions.

Limits

Slide 150

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A tool for cutting external threads.

Die

Slide 151

Terminology Quiz 2

  • Cylindrical surfaces that are equally centered about a common axis

Coaxiality

Slide 152

Terminology Quiz 2

  • Equal halves. The same on both sides of a common centerline.

Symmetrical

Slide 153

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A circular centerline upon which two or more hole centers are located.

Bolt Circle

Slide 154

Terminology Quiz 2

  • An object made by pouring molten metal into a mold.

Casting

Slide 155

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A model of the part to be cast. Used to create a cavity in the sand.

Pattern

Slide 156

Terminology Quiz 2

  • An interior radius (concave) between intersecting surfaces of an object.

Fillet

Slide 157

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A circular, raised portion around a hole in a casting or a forging.

Boss

Slide 158

Terminology Quiz 2

  • Metals that contain iron as their base material, such as steel.

Ferrous

Slide 159

Terminology Quiz 2

  • Metals without iron content, such as brass, copper, or aluminum.

Non Ferrous

Slide 160

Terminology Quiz 2

  • Conical shape that permits a shaft or hole to become gradually smaller from one end to the other.

Taper

Slide 161

Terminology Quiz 2

  • To remove a small amount of material from the end of a shaft or hole to facilitate assembly.

Chamfer

Slide 162

Terminology Quiz 2

  • A groove in a shaft to position a key.

Keyseat

Slide 163

Terminology Quiz 2

  • An external groove at a change in diameter of a shaft, usually for another part to fit against its shoulder.

Neck

Slide 164

Terminology Quiz 2

  • The term used to define the angle formed between one side and another.

Included angle

Slide 165

Terminology Quiz 2

  • The minimum clearance ( or maximum interference) between two mating parts, such as a shaft and a hole.

Allowance

Slide 166

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • CI

Cast Iron

Slide 167

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • CRS

Cold Rolled Steel

Slide 168

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • CBORE

Counterbore

Slide 169

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • CSK

Countersink

Slide 170

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • DIA

Diameter

Slide 171

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • DR

Drill/Drill Rod

Slide 172

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • FIL

Fillet

Slide 173

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • FAO

Finish All Over

Slide 174

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • GA

Gage

Slide 175

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • HRS

Hot Rolled Steel

Slide 176

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • ID

Inside Diameter

Slide 177

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • LH

Left Hand

Slide 178

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • MATL

Material

Slide 179

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • MAX

Maximum

Slide 180

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • OD

Outside Diameter

Slide 181

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • SECT

Section

Slide 182

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • STL

Steel

Slide 183

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • THK

Thick

Slide 184

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • THD

Thread

Slide 185

Abbreviation Quiz 1

  • TOL

Tolerance

Slide 186

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • BC

Bolt Circle

Slide 187

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • BHN

Brinell Hardness Number

Slide 188

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • CHAM

Chamfer

Slide 189

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • CDS

Cold-Drawn Steel

Slide 190

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • DIM.

Dimension

Slide 191

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • FIN.

Finish

Slide 192

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • GRD

Grind

Slide 193

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • HT TR

Heat Treat

Slide 194

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • LG

Length, Long

Slide 195

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • MI

Malleable Iron

Slide 196

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • MIN

Minimum, Minute

Slide 197

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • NTS

Not to Scale

Slide 198

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • PC

Piece, Pitch Circle

Slide 199

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • RM

Ream

Slide 200

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • REF

Reference

Slide 201

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • RND

Round

Slide 202

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • SCR

Screw

Slide 203

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • SPEC

Specification

Slide 204

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • SYM

Symmetrical

Slide 205

Abbreviation Quiz 2

  • TYP

Typical

Slide 206

Alphabet of Lines

Visible line

  • Represents visible edges

  • Represents outlines of the object being drawn

Slide 207

Alphabet of Lines

Hidden line

  • Represents edges not visible in given view

  • Represents outlines of an object not visible in given view

Slide 208

Alphabet of Lines

Section lines

  • Appear only on a sectional view

  • Appears where surface has been cut

  • Normally drawn diagonally

Slide 209

Alphabet of Lines

Centerline

  • Indicates symmetry, center points, or axes

  • Consists of alternate long and short dashes

Slide 210

Alphabet of Lines

Dimension line

  • Denotes the extent of the dimension

  • Use with arrowheads

Slide 211

Alphabet of Lines

Extension line

  • Extends surface or point away from view

  • Used for the purpose of dimensioning

Slide 212

Alphabet of Lines

Leader

  • Drawn diagonally

  • Directs a dimension or note to an area

  • Normally terminates with an arrow

  • May terminate with a dot

Slide 213

Alphabet of Lines

Cutting-plane line

  • Shows where imaginary cutting creates a sectional view

  • May be series of long dashes or alternately two short dashes between single long dashes

  • Arrowheads indicate the direction of sight

Slide 214

Alphabet of Lines

Viewing-plane line

  • Used in conjunction with removed views to show where view would normally appear

  • Arrowheads indicate direction of sight

Slide 215

Alphabet of Lines

Short break line

  • Terminates a view to conserve space and avoid congestion

  • Separates internal and external features with broken-out sections

Slide 216

Alphabet of Lines

Long break line

  • Allows removal of a long central portion of an object to shorten a view

  • Normally used in pairs

Slide 217

Alphabet of Lines

Phantom line

  • Represents the outline of an adjacent part

  • Shows alternate position of a given part

Slide 218

Alphabet of Lines

Phantom line

  • Replaces repetitive detail-e.g.-coils, gear teeth, threads

  • Drawn with two short dashes between single long dashes

  • Lines are thinner than the cutting/viewing-plane line

Slide 219

Alphabet of Lines

Chain line

  • Used to indicate an area or portion of a surface

  • Surface receives special treatment

Slide 220

Alphabet of Lines

Slide 221

Alphabet of Lines

  • Drawn parallel to surface profile at a short distance from it

  • Dimensions added for length and location

Slide 222

Alphabet of Lines

  • Dimensions omitted when chain line clearly indicates location and extent of surface

Slide 223

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

  • Shows the outline of the object.

Answer: Visible

Slide 224

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

2. Indicates the place from where the removed view is viewed.

Answer: Viewing-Plane

Slide 225

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

3. Points diagonally to an area or a feature.

Answer: Leader

Slide 226

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

4. Represents a surface not visible in the view drawn.

Answer: Hidden

Slide 227

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

5. Shows an alternate position of the movable arm.

Answer: Phantom

Slide 228

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

6. Terminates with arrowheads and encloses a dimension figure.

Answer: Dimension

Slide 229

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

7. Extends the visible line for the purpose of dimensioning to it.

Answer: Extension

Slide 230

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

8. Indicates the place where the section is cut.

Answer: Cutting-Plane

Slide 231

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

9. Shows the axis of symmetrical parts and the arm’s path of motion.

Answer: Center

Slide 232

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

10. Permits the use of a partial view to conserve space and avoid congestion.

Answer: Break

Slide 233

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

11. Represents the exposed surface of a sectioned feature.

Answer: Section

Slide 234

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

12. List the five lines that are drawn thick.

Answers:

  • Visible

  • Cutting-Plane

  • Viewing-Plane

  • Short Break

  • Chain

Slide 235

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

13. List the six lines that include short dashes.

  • Hidden

  • Center

  • Cutting-Plane

  • Viewing-Plane

  • Phantom

  • Chain

Answers:

Slide 236

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

14. List the four lines that include arrowheads.

Answers:

  • Dimension

  • Leader

  • Cutting-Plane

  • Viewing-Plane

Slide 237

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 1

15. How does the cutting-plane line differ from the viewing–plane line (in application)?

Answer:

  • The Cutting-Plane cuts the object

  • The Viewing-Plane views the object

Slide 238

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

1. Viewing-Plane

Slide 239

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

2. Extension

Slide 240

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

3.Dimension

Slide 241

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

4. Center

Slide 242

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

5. Hidden

Slide 243

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

6. Short Break

Slide 244

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

7. Cutting-Plane

Slide 245

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

8. Visible

Slide 246

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

9. Center

Slide 247

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

10. Leader

Slide 248

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

11. Section

Slide 249

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 2

List the proper names of the lines used in the illustration.

12. Phantom

Slide 250

Centerline

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Dimension line

Extension line

Hidden line

Leader

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Visible line

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

1. Leader

Slide 251

Centerline

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Dimension line

Extension line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Visible line

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

2. Extension

Slide 252

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Centerline

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Dimension line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Visible line

Match the lines with their correct names.

3. Dimension

Slide 253

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Centerline

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Visible line

Match the lines with their correct names.

4. Visible

Slide 254

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Centerline

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Match the lines with their correct names.

5. Centerline

Slide 255

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Section line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Match the lines with their correct names.

6. Section

Slide 256

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Short break line

Viewing-plane line

Match the lines with their correct names.

7. Short Break

Slide 257

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

Viewing-plane line

Match the lines with their correct names.

8. Viewing-Plane

Slide 258

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

Chain line

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

9. Chain

Slide 259

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

Cutting-plane line

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

10. Cutting-Plane

Slide 260

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

Hidden line

Long break line

Phantom line

11. Long Break

Slide 261

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

Hidden line

Phantom line

12. Hidden

Slide 262

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 3

Match the lines with their correct names.

Phantom line

13. Phantom

Slide 263

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

F-Hidden line

G-Leader

H-Long break line

I-Phantom line

J-Section line

K-Short break line

L-Viewing-plane line

M-Visible line

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

1. L-Viewing-plane line

Slide 264

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

F-Hidden line

G-Leader

H-Long break line

I-Phantom line

J-Section line

K-Short break line

M-Visible line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

2. M-visible line

Slide 265

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

F-Hidden line

G-Leader

H-Long break line

I-Phantom line

J-Section line

K-Short break line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

3. F-Hidden line

Slide 266

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

H-Long break line

I-Phantom line

J-Section line

K-Short break line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

4. I-Phantom line

Slide 267

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

H-Long break line

J-Section line

K-Short break line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

5. H-Long break line

Slide 268

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

C-Cutting-plane line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

J-Section line

K-Short break line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

6. C-Cutting-plane line

Slide 269

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

J-Section line

K-Short break line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

7. K-Short break line

Slide 270

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

B-Chain line

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

J-Section line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

8. B-Chain line

Slide 271

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

D-Dimension line

E-Extension line

G-Leader

J-Section line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

9. D-Dimension line

Slide 272

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

A-Centerline

E-Extension line

G-Leader

J-Section line

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

10. E-Extension line

Slide 273

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

A-Centerline

G-Leader

J-Section line

11. G-Leader

Slide 274

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

A-Centerline

J-Section line

12. A-Centerline

Slide 275

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

A-Centerline

J-Section line

13. J-Section line

Slide 276

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

A-Centerline

J-Section line

14. A-Centerline

Slide 277

Alphabet of Lines Quiz 4

Match letters from the list with numbers in the illustration.

A-Centerline

J-Section line

15. J-Section line


Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro