Disability, poverty and livelihoods. General figures…. 10% - 12% of the world’s population has some form of disabling impairment (over 600 million people). 80% live in low-income countries. 82% of people with disabilities live below the poverty line. 80% of people with disabilities
live below the poverty line
of working age are unemployed
developing countries live in rural areas
among people with disabilities than among
the rest of the population
Sources : DFID
MDG 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Disability and poverty are mutually reinforcing and disabled people and their families represent a very substantial proportion of the poor, especially the extremely poor.
MDG 2 Achieve universal primary education
This is the only absolute goal and with 98% of disabled children in developing countries not in school it will be impossible to achieve unless they are explicitly brought into the equation.
MDG 3 Promote gender equality and empower womenDisabled women and girls face a complex and layered experience of discrimination and disadvantage. The target of eliminating gender inequality in all levels of education by 2015 will not be reached without taking disability into account.
MDG 4 Reduce child mortality In the developing world, the mortality rate among disabled children under five can be as high as 80%.
Sources : DFID
MDG 5 Improve maternal health Disabling impairments associated with pregnancy and childbirth affect up to 20 million women a year.
MDG 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Disabled people are particularly vulnerable to these diseases, which are also a major cause of disabling impairments.
MDG 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
Unsafe water can be the origin of Trachoma which can cause blindness
MDG 8 Develop a global partnership for development
National and international organisations in the world community, including Disabled Person’s Organisations (DPOs), have an important role to play in the raising awareness to disability issues, and empowering people with disabilities
Sources : DFID & ACFID
“If 20 % of the world’s poorest are persons with disabilities, then the Millennium Development Goals will only be achieved if explicit and specific efforts are undertaken to include them in programmes aimed at reaching the world’s poorest.”
Twin-track approach !
Access to mainstream services
For an « equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms »
United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - 2006
Disability: a dormant factor…
The impact of being a person with disabilities is felt when the situation starts improving
… which does not affect people facing severe and chronic poverty.
Sources : National disability survey in Afghanistan - 2005
Not an option for all
PwDs are an heterogeneous group !
Access to capital
Good products & services
Conducive legal environment
Access to capital is now considered one of the main elements of economic inclusion.
For most MFIs, PwDs represent between 0 and 2% of their clientèle
The demand for capital from Pwds
remains largely unfulfilled !
✓ People with disabilities suffer from high poverty levels and high rates of unemployment; yet employment is essential for earning a living, helping to support the family and improve self-esteem.
✓ Self-employment is often the only option open to many people with disabilities. In most cases, it is difficult for disabled people to find a formal job in developing countries. However, self-employment is not an option for everyone, since disabled people are a heterogeneous group.
✓ One of the main obstacles to self-employment is access to capital for start-ups or business enhancement.