A Woman’s Struggles . By: Amber Moore, Courtney White & Devina Flores . Participation in the Civil Rights Movement . In the 1960’s women from all walks of life participated in the civil rights movement Women were important members of new groups such as: SNCC, SCLC, and NAACP
A Woman’s Struggles
By: Amber Moore, Courtney White & Devina Flores
Facts of the Case – Women were exempt from being apart of a jury and when Mrs. Hoyt was convicted by an all men jury, she thought the Florida statute was violating the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th amendment.
Decision- The court ruled in favor of Florida (9-0) stating “male- female disproportions on jury lists carried no constitutional significance.”
Since 1976 the Court has found the following kinds of practices as a violation of the 14th amendment:
- achievement of equality either by passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution
- or by judicial decision
1961: The President’s Commission on the Status of Women was created shortly after JFK was elected. (headed by former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt)
1964: The Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination based on not only race but sex.
1973: In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme court decided thatwomen had a right to privacy when it includes terminating a baby
1963: The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan led women to question their lives in society and help them recognize something was wrong.
1972: Equal rights Amendment (ERA) bar discrimination against women by federal or state governments
“Woman have won important victories under the act, but a large wage gap between men and women continues to exist, as underscored women in 2004 earned less than 77% of what men earned.”