Social Integration through Social Protection Programmes : Some Considerations From Social Protection Scheme for Workers in the Informal Economy in Thailand . Expert group meeting on “Policies to Advance Social Integration” United Nations Headquarters, New York 2-4 November 2009
Social Integration through Social Protection Programmes : Some Considerations From Social Protection Scheme for Workers in the InformalEconomy in Thailand
Expert group meeting on “Policies to Advance
United Nations Headquarters, New York
2-4 November 2009
Narumol Nirathron, Ph.D.
Labour and Welfare Development Department
Faculty of Social Administration
Informal workers in Thailand
90% : Yes
63% in the case of casual workers.
Informal labour groups or organisations provide more of in-kind service as follows :
INTRODUCED IN 2003 : PILOT PROJECT
1) Community-based; strengthen (role of) community organization/savings group/cooperatives
2) Community planning through people’s participation;
3) Provide not only a housing project, but a ‘home’ in the atmosphere of strong and secure community, solidarity
4) Learning : A training ground for team building and teamwork in the community, collaboration and teamwork
5) Holistic : Physical environment, social environment, community welfare….
As of July 2008 there were 556 Projects in 1,108 communities covering 57,519 households nationwide. Many good practices of the project have been publicised.
The case study presented is taken as a lesson learned.
1) There is no one best way to organize community welfare. It depends on needs and problems of respective community;
2) Rural communities are more collaborative whereas urban communities rely more on formal savings system;
3) Social capital is vital to success. Strong and accountable leadership is vital;
4) Communities which are successful in managing fund provided by the government (cash transfer) are the ones that already have experience in community welfare which requires high collaboration among community members, high management competency and strong ideology.
5) Community welfare is also a learning process which can be replicated in other endeavors.