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Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy. 2011. U.S. - Iranian Relations!. Iranian -President Ahmadinejad. President Bush. Called him Evil!. Pres. Bush the devil!. U.S. & Iran have NOT had diplomatic relations since 1979?. 1979 Iranian Revolution. Iran Hostage Crisis.

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Iranian and united states history foreign policy

Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy

2011


U s iranian relations
U.S. - Iranian Relations!

Iranian -President Ahmadinejad

President Bush

Called him Evil!

  • Pres. Bush the devil!




Iran hostage crisis
Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution.[1]


First hostilities occurred back in 1953
First hostilities occurred back in 1953..

  • 1953 CIA & British sponsored coup of Mossadegh!

  • Prime Minister Mossadegh in 1951


Why did the cia british overthrow mossadegh
Why did the CIA & British overthrow Mossadegh?

  • In 1951, Mosaddegh nationalized the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company- today’s BP gas.

  • Even though AIOC was “highly profitable,” “its Iranian workers were poorly paid and lived in squalid conditions.

  • Britain owned 51% of the company.


Who became the leader after mossadegh
Who became the leader after Mossadegh?

  • The CIA & British put Shah Pahlavi in power.

  • Shah Pahlavi ruled as an authoritarian monarch for the next 26 years, until he was overthrown in a popular revolt in 1979.






Today relations aren t any better
Today relations aren’t any better! leader”!

  • West says developing weapons…

  • Iranians say developing energy..



After 30 years of rule in iran the theocracy faces the green revolution
After 30 years of rule in Iran, the election! Theocracy faces the Green Revolution!

  • 2009 Protests against the disputed victory of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

  • “Twitter Revolution”- social organizations were used for organization of the protests.


What do iranian s think of american s today
What do Iranian’s think of American’s today? election!

Excerpt from Kinzer article: ““We are so happy to see American people in Iran,” a woman in Kirman, beaming with joy, told the group I traveled with. “We know they say very bad things about us there, but we like Americans so much.”


Stop here
STOP HERE election!

  • Jon Stewart Clips

  • Group discussions or web quest on Iraq- U.S. relations.



If iran is our enemy who becomes are friend
If Iran is our enemy, who becomes are friend!!! election!

  • Iraq invades Iran in 1980

  • The enemy of my enemy is my friend!!

  • U.S. supports Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein during the Iran/Iraq War.

  • President Reagan and Donald Rumsfeld

  • Rumsfeld & Saddam


Why did saddam invade iran
Why did Saddam invade Iran? election!

  • Iraq claims border disputes between countries

  • Also worried that the “Shia” revolution may spread to Iraq.

  • Shia vs. Sunni! Saddam and Baath party are Sunni but many Shia in Iraq.


How did the u s help iraq during the 8 year war
How did the U.S. help Iraq during the 8-year war? election!

  • CIA Operation

  • Supplies Money, weapons and technology to the Iraqis.

  • Spies on the Iranian military and reports back to Iraq



Iran contra affair
Iran Contra Affair involvement?

  • 1985 U.S. government sells arms to Iran (ignores arms embargo)

  • U.S. need Iranians help to negotiate with Lebanon to free American hostages

  • Profits used to fund “Contra’s” in Nicaragua.


Saddam used chemical weapons against iranians
Saddam used chemical weapons against Iranians. involvement?

  • 100,000 Iranian victims of Iraq's chemical weapons during the eight-year war

  • Use of chemical weapons is against International Law- Geneva


8 year war ends in stalemate no winner
8- year war ends in stalemate! No winner! involvement?

  • 1988- The war came at a great cost in lives and economic damage—half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers as well as civilians are believed to have died in the war with many more injure.

  • The U.S./ CIA help to fund and aid both sides of the war!


Iraq has 4 th largest army in the world w m d with help of cia
Iraq has 4 involvement?th largest army in the world & W.M.D. with help of CIA.

  • Chemical, Nuclear, Radiological, Biological


Which country did saddam invade next
Which country did Saddam invade next? involvement?

Iraq invades Kuwait!

Persian Gulf War 1990-1991


U s petitions for help from the untied nations
U.S. petitions for help from the Untied Nations involvement?

  • 1991- U.S. led The Persian Gulf War (August 2, 1990 – February 28, 1991)

  • A war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations led by Britain and the United States, against Iraq.

  • Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army was pushed out of Kuwait; troops did NOT invade Iraq

  • United Nations


Who was the american president
Who was the American President? involvement?

George H. W. Bush

Iraq forces torch Kuwaiti oil fields!


Rumors that u s will invade iraq
Rumors that U.S. will invade Iraq! involvement?

  • Kurds and Shia revolt against Iraqi government.

  • Saddam responds harshly with chemical weapons!

  • U.S. does not invade and rebellions are stopped.


What happened to iraq after the gulf war
What happened to Iraq after the Gulf War? involvement?

  • Sanctions against Iraq- full trade embargo (excluding food & humanitarian goods)

  • Oil for Food program, 1996 to help ease devastation from embargo

  • Iraq to agree to an inspection to insure that Iraq dismantled its WMD programs and did not take actions to reconstitute them

  • No Fly Zone’s , patrolled by U.S. & Britain



President g w bush iraq
President G. W. Bush & Iraq involvement?

  • By 2002, President Bush and Britain believe Iraq has rebuilt their WMD.

  • Saddam’s deceptions suggested he had WMD.

  • U.N. did NOT support the 2003 invasion of Iraq


2003 u s attack on iraq
2003 U.S. attack on Iraq involvement?

  • In contrast to 1991, Saudi Arabia did not permit U.S. on their soil.

  • Turkey did not help in this conflict.

  • Kuwait & a few small countries allowed bases.


Saddam is executed for crimes against humanity
Saddam is executed for Crimes against Humanity involvement?

  • December 30, 2006-found guilty by Iraqi Special Tribunal for the murder of 148 Iraqi Shi'ite in the town of Dujail in 1982.


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