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Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy. 2011. U.S. - Iranian Relations!. Iranian -President Ahmadinejad. President Bush. Called him Evil!. Pres. Bush the devil!. U.S. & Iran have NOT had diplomatic relations since 1979?. 1979 Iranian Revolution. Iran Hostage Crisis.

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Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy

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Iranian and united states history foreign policy

Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy

2011


U s iranian relations

U.S. - Iranian Relations!

Iranian -President Ahmadinejad

President Bush

Called him Evil!

  • Pres. Bush the devil!


U s iran have not had diplomatic relations since 1979

U.S. & Iran have NOT had diplomatic relations since 1979?


1979 iranian revolution

1979 Iranian Revolution


Iran hostage crisis

Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution.[1]


First hostilities occurred back in 1953

First hostilities occurred back in 1953..

  • 1953 CIA & British sponsored coup of Mossadegh!

  • Prime Minister Mossadegh in 1951


Why did the cia british overthrow mossadegh

Why did the CIA & British overthrow Mossadegh?

  • In 1951, Mosaddegh nationalized the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company- today’s BP gas.

  • Even though AIOC was “highly profitable,” “its Iranian workers were poorly paid and lived in squalid conditions.

  • Britain owned 51% of the company.


Who became the leader after mossadegh

Who became the leader after Mossadegh?

  • The CIA & British put Shah Pahlavi in power.

  • Shah Pahlavi ruled as an authoritarian monarch for the next 26 years, until he was overthrown in a popular revolt in 1979.


The shah was seen as a puppet for the u s government

The Shah was seen as a “puppet” for the U.S. government!


After 26 years the iranians had a revolution to overthrow the shah

After 26 years, the Iranians had a revolution to overthrow the Shah!


Iran became a theocracy the ayatollah is the supreme leader

Iran became a theocracy, the Ayatollah is the “supreme leader”!


No diplomatic relations means no imports of iranian oil

No diplomatic relations means NO IMPORTS OF IRANIAN OIL!


Today relations aren t any better

Today relations aren’t any better!

  • West says developing weapons…

  • Iranians say developing energy..


Although iran is a theocracy protests occurred after 2009 election

Although Iran is a theocracy; protests occurred after 2009 election!


After 30 years of rule in iran the theocracy faces the green revolution

After 30 years of rule in Iran, the Theocracy faces the Green Revolution!

  • 2009 Protests against the disputed victory of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

  • “Twitter Revolution”- social organizations were used for organization of the protests.


What do iranian s think of american s today

What do Iranian’s think of American’s today?

Excerpt from Kinzer article: ““We are so happy to see American people in Iran,” a woman in Kirman, beaming with joy, told the group I traveled with. “We know they say very bad things about us there, but we like Americans so much.”


Stop here

STOP HERE

  • Jon Stewart Clips

  • Group discussions or web quest on Iraq- U.S. relations.


Iraq invades iran in 1980

Iraq invades Iran in 1980!


If iran is our enemy who becomes are friend

If Iran is our enemy, who becomes are friend!!!

  • Iraq invades Iran in 1980

  • The enemy of my enemy is my friend!!

  • U.S. supports Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein during the Iran/Iraq War.

  • President Reagan and Donald Rumsfeld

  • Rumsfeld & Saddam


Why did saddam invade iran

Why did Saddam invade Iran?

  • Iraq claims border disputes between countries

  • Also worried that the “Shia” revolution may spread to Iraq.

  • Shia vs. Sunni! Saddam and Baath party are Sunni but many Shia in Iraq.


How did the u s help iraq during the 8 year war

How did the U.S. help Iraq during the 8-year war?

  • CIA Operation

  • Supplies Money, weapons and technology to the Iraqis.

  • Spies on the Iranian military and reports back to Iraq


Who was the american president that authorized cia involvement

Who was the American President that authorized CIA involvement?


Iran contra affair

Iran Contra Affair

  • 1985 U.S. government sells arms to Iran (ignores arms embargo)

  • U.S. need Iranians help to negotiate with Lebanon to free American hostages

  • Profits used to fund “Contra’s” in Nicaragua.


Saddam used chemical weapons against iranians

Saddam used chemical weapons against Iranians.

  • 100,000 Iranian victims of Iraq's chemical weapons during the eight-year war

  • Use of chemical weapons is against International Law- Geneva


8 year war ends in stalemate no winner

8- year war ends in stalemate! No winner!

  • 1988- The war came at a great cost in lives and economic damage—half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers as well as civilians are believed to have died in the war with many more injure.

  • The U.S./ CIA help to fund and aid both sides of the war!


Iraq has 4 th largest army in the world w m d with help of cia

Iraq has 4th largest army in the world & W.M.D. with help of CIA.

  • Chemical, Nuclear, Radiological, Biological


Which country did saddam invade next

Which country did Saddam invade next?

Iraq invades Kuwait!

Persian Gulf War 1990-1991


U s petitions for help from the untied nations

U.S. petitions for help from the Untied Nations

  • 1991- U.S. led The Persian Gulf War (August 2, 1990 – February 28, 1991)

  • A war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations led by Britain and the United States, against Iraq.

  • Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army was pushed out of Kuwait; troops did NOT invade Iraq

  • United Nations


Who was the american president

Who was the American President?

George H. W. Bush

Iraq forces torch Kuwaiti oil fields!


Rumors that u s will invade iraq

Rumors that U.S. will invade Iraq!

  • Kurds and Shia revolt against Iraqi government.

  • Saddam responds harshly with chemical weapons!

  • U.S. does not invade and rebellions are stopped.


What happened to iraq after the gulf war

What happened to Iraq after the Gulf War?

  • Sanctions against Iraq- full trade embargo (excluding food & humanitarian goods)

  • Oil for Food program, 1996 to help ease devastation from embargo

  • Iraq to agree to an inspection to insure that Iraq dismantled its WMD programs and did not take actions to reconstitute them

  • No Fly Zone’s , patrolled by U.S. & Britain


Saddam plays games with weapons inspectors

Saddam plays games with weapons inspectors.


President g w bush iraq

President G. W. Bush & Iraq

  • By 2002, President Bush and Britain believe Iraq has rebuilt their WMD.

  • Saddam’s deceptions suggested he had WMD.

  • U.N. did NOT support the 2003 invasion of Iraq


2003 u s attack on iraq

2003 U.S. attack on Iraq

  • In contrast to 1991, Saudi Arabia did not permit U.S. on their soil.

  • Turkey did not help in this conflict.

  • Kuwait & a few small countries allowed bases.


Saddam is executed for crimes against humanity

Saddam is executed for Crimes against Humanity

  • December 30, 2006-found guilty by Iraqi Special Tribunal for the murder of 148 Iraqi Shi'ite in the town of Dujail in 1982.


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