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Iranian and United States History & Foreign Policy. 2011. U.S. - Iranian Relations!. Iranian -President Ahmadinejad. President Bush. Called him Evil!. Pres. Bush the devil!. U.S. & Iran have NOT had diplomatic relations since 1979?. 1979 Iranian Revolution. Iran Hostage Crisis.

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u s iranian relations
U.S. - Iranian Relations!

Iranian -President Ahmadinejad

President Bush

Called him Evil!

  • Pres. Bush the devil!
iran hostage crisis
Iran Hostage Crisis
  • Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution.[1]
first hostilities occurred back in 1953
First hostilities occurred back in 1953..
  • 1953 CIA & British sponsored coup of Mossadegh!
  • Prime Minister Mossadegh in 1951
why did the cia british overthrow mossadegh
Why did the CIA & British overthrow Mossadegh?
  • In 1951, Mosaddegh nationalized the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company- today’s BP gas.
  • Even though AIOC was “highly profitable,” “its Iranian workers were poorly paid and lived in squalid conditions.
  • Britain owned 51% of the company.
who became the leader after mossadegh
Who became the leader after Mossadegh?
  • The CIA & British put Shah Pahlavi in power.
  • Shah Pahlavi ruled as an authoritarian monarch for the next 26 years, until he was overthrown in a popular revolt in 1979.
today relations aren t any better
Today relations aren’t any better!
  • West says developing weapons…
  • Iranians say developing energy..
after 30 years of rule in iran the theocracy faces the green revolution
After 30 years of rule in Iran, the Theocracy faces the Green Revolution!
  • 2009 Protests against the disputed victory of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • “Twitter Revolution”- social organizations were used for organization of the protests.
what do iranian s think of american s today
What do Iranian’s think of American’s today?

Excerpt from Kinzer article: ““We are so happy to see American people in Iran,” a woman in Kirman, beaming with joy, told the group I traveled with. “We know they say very bad things about us there, but we like Americans so much.”

stop here
STOP HERE
  • Jon Stewart Clips
  • Group discussions or web quest on Iraq- U.S. relations.
if iran is our enemy who becomes are friend
If Iran is our enemy, who becomes are friend!!!
  • Iraq invades Iran in 1980
  • The enemy of my enemy is my friend!!
  • U.S. supports Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein during the Iran/Iraq War.
  • President Reagan and Donald Rumsfeld
  • Rumsfeld & Saddam
why did saddam invade iran
Why did Saddam invade Iran?
  • Iraq claims border disputes between countries
  • Also worried that the “Shia” revolution may spread to Iraq.
  • Shia vs. Sunni! Saddam and Baath party are Sunni but many Shia in Iraq.
how did the u s help iraq during the 8 year war
How did the U.S. help Iraq during the 8-year war?
  • CIA Operation
  • Supplies Money, weapons and technology to the Iraqis.
  • Spies on the Iranian military and reports back to Iraq
iran contra affair
Iran Contra Affair
  • 1985 U.S. government sells arms to Iran (ignores arms embargo)
  • U.S. need Iranians help to negotiate with Lebanon to free American hostages
  • Profits used to fund “Contra’s” in Nicaragua.
saddam used chemical weapons against iranians
Saddam used chemical weapons against Iranians.
  • 100,000 Iranian victims of Iraq\'s chemical weapons during the eight-year war
  • Use of chemical weapons is against International Law- Geneva
8 year war ends in stalemate no winner
8- year war ends in stalemate! No winner!
  • 1988- The war came at a great cost in lives and economic damage—half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers as well as civilians are believed to have died in the war with many more injure.
  • The U.S./ CIA help to fund and aid both sides of the war!
iraq has 4 th largest army in the world w m d with help of cia
Iraq has 4th largest army in the world & W.M.D. with help of CIA.
  • Chemical, Nuclear, Radiological, Biological
which country did saddam invade next
Which country did Saddam invade next?

Iraq invades Kuwait!

Persian Gulf War 1990-1991

u s petitions for help from the untied nations
U.S. petitions for help from the Untied Nations
  • 1991- U.S. led The Persian Gulf War (August 2, 1990 – February 28, 1991)
  • A war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations led by Britain and the United States, against Iraq.
  • Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army was pushed out of Kuwait; troops did NOT invade Iraq
  • United Nations
who was the american president
Who was the American President?

George H. W. Bush

Iraq forces torch Kuwaiti oil fields!

rumors that u s will invade iraq
Rumors that U.S. will invade Iraq!
  • Kurds and Shia revolt against Iraqi government.
  • Saddam responds harshly with chemical weapons!
  • U.S. does not invade and rebellions are stopped.
what happened to iraq after the gulf war
What happened to Iraq after the Gulf War?
  • Sanctions against Iraq- full trade embargo (excluding food & humanitarian goods)
  • Oil for Food program, 1996 to help ease devastation from embargo
  • Iraq to agree to an inspection to insure that Iraq dismantled its WMD programs and did not take actions to reconstitute them
  • No Fly Zone’s , patrolled by U.S. & Britain
president g w bush iraq
President G. W. Bush & Iraq
  • By 2002, President Bush and Britain believe Iraq has rebuilt their WMD.
  • Saddam’s deceptions suggested he had WMD.
  • U.N. did NOT support the 2003 invasion of Iraq
2003 u s attack on iraq
2003 U.S. attack on Iraq
  • In contrast to 1991, Saudi Arabia did not permit U.S. on their soil.
  • Turkey did not help in this conflict.
  • Kuwait & a few small countries allowed bases.
saddam is executed for crimes against humanity
Saddam is executed for Crimes against Humanity
  • December 30, 2006-found guilty by Iraqi Special Tribunal for the murder of 148 Iraqi Shi\'ite in the town of Dujail in 1982.
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