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Surah al Baqarah. Lesson# Ayahs 35 – 39 December 18 2013. RECAP. Last week talked about the incident of Adam A.S. and Iblees’s refusal to do sajdah Learned about the characteristics of the angels (intellect, emotions) Importance and respect given to knowledge . ANNOUNCEMENTS.

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Surah al Baqarah

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Surah al baqarah

Surah al Baqarah

Lesson# Ayahs 35 – 39

December 18 2013


Recap

RECAP

  • Last week talked about the incident of Adam A.S. and Iblees’s refusal to do sajdah

  • Learned about the characteristics of the angels (intellect, emotions)

  • Importance and respect given to knowledge


Announcements

ANNOUNCEMENTS

  • NO CLASS ON: December 25th & January 1st

  • NEXT CLASS: January 8th2014

  • Website: All Slides will be posted on this link:

  • journeytothequran.com


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 35

And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."

Allah fulfilled all their needs in Jannah


Ayah 35

Ayah 35

  • Seen Kaaf Noon = Peace

  • RaaGhaainDhaaw= the abundance of something; also used for comfort and joy

    • Eat of Jannah without any restrictions

    • QaafRaa Baa = (Qurb); close; do not eat of the tree and do not even go near the tree

    • ZaawLaamMeem= harming; injustice; when we disobey Allah SWT, we are only harming ourselves

    • Dual Words – indicated by Alif

      • Responsibility of both Adam and Hawa A.S.


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 36

But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, "Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time."

First trick of Satan

Based on Lies

“So he (Satan) misled them with deception.” (Quran 7:22)


Ayah 36

Ayah 36

  • ZaaLaamLaam– (Zalla): to slip; make a mistake; to make someone else slip

  • Shaitaan made both Adam and Hawa A.S. slip from Jannah, luxury, freedom and pleasure

  • Haa Baa Taaw– to come down from above by force;

    • You All refers to Adam, Hawa and Shaitaan


Ayah 361

Ayah 36

  • Aai’inDaalWaaw–

  • 1. crossing limits in your enmity

  • 2. human beings will be enemies of one another

  • 3. shaitaan will be an enemy to the humans

  • Adam A.S. was sent to that garden as a test to learn about his enemy


Ayah 362

Ayah 36

  • QaafRaaRaa– (Qaraar): to become still or settle down

  • MeemTaaAa’in– necessity of life and something that a person enjoys; they’re also temporary

    • Either they will finish or you will finish


Surah al baqarah

What do we Learn from this Ayah?

Allah tested Adam so that he could learn and gain experience. 

Allah prepared Adam for his role on earth

From this experience, Adam learned that Iblis was his enemy, the cause of his losing the blessing of living in Paradise, and the cause of his distress  

Obedience to Allah and enmity towards Satan is the only path back to Heaven.


How does satan trick us

How does Satan Trick Us?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 37

Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.

Doors of repentance are always open


Ayah 37

Ayah 37

  • LaamQaafYaa– to receive something; to accept something with happiness and enthusiasm

  • Kalimah – taught these words to Adam A.S. so that he could repent (Ara’f:23); words through which they prayed for forgiveness

  • TaaWaaw Baa – literally: to return; repentance; stop and turn back to the obedience of Allah SWT


Ayah 37 tawbah

Ayah 37: Tawbah


Surah al baqarah

قَالا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين

They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us

and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers." [al-A’raaf: 23]


Surah al baqarah

How is Allah the Most Merciful?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 38

We said, "Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance - there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.


Ayah 38

Ayah 38

  • JeemMeemAa’in– All of you; includes Adam, his wife and his progeny (all of the human beings)

  • HamzaTaaYaa– any guidance; revelation

  • Taa Baa Aa’in– to follow something completely

  • KhaaWaawFaa– fear about the future

  • HaaZaa Noon – regret over the past


Ayah 381

Ayah 38

  • If you follow guidance of Allah SWT then you will have no fear or grief in this world or in the Hereafter


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 39

And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs - those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally."


Ayah 39

Ayah 39

  • KaafDhaal Baa – to call someone else a liar; to disbelieve in something and also to state that its false; Opposing it

  • Ayaat (refers to 2 things):

    • 1. Kawneeya: about the universe; creation; those signs that are in the creation that proves the existence of a Creator

    • 2. Shareeya: the verses that Allah SWT has revealed (i.e. the Qu’ran)


Ayah 391

Ayah 39

  • People who disbelieve and deny the ayahs will be…

  • SaawHaa Baa – companionship; the Sahaba have enjoyed the companionship of the Prophet SAW

  • But these people will be companions of the hell fire together and forever


Why did adam listen to satan

Why did Adam listen to Satan?

Adam did not have any experience with the whisperings and ploys of Satan.  

He knew that Satan was his enemy but had no familiarity with how to resist Satan’s tricks and schemes.

That experience was essential for their life on earth


If it wasn t adam s disobedience we could have been in jannah

If it wasn’t Adam’s disobedience, we could have been in Jannah?

When Allah wanted to create Adam, He said to the angels: "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." He did not say: "I shall make a successive authority in Paradise."

Adam's descent on earth was not due to degradation but rather it was a dignified descent.


Reflections

REFLECTIONS 


Until next class next year

Until Next Class & Next Year

  • Review Translation of ayahs 30-38, as well as the previous ayahs of Juz 1

  • Share with family and friends

  • Review notes, root words and reflect

  • Recite these ayahs and try to understand the meaning in Arabic


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