Surah al Baqarah. Lesson# Ayahs 35 – 39 December 18 2013. RECAP . Last week talked about the incident of Adam A.S. and Iblees’s refusal to do sajdah Learned about the characteristics of the angels (intellect, emotions) Importance and respect given to knowledge . ANNOUNCEMENTS.
Surah al Baqarah
Lesson# Ayahs 35 – 39
December 18 2013
And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."
Allah fulfilled all their needs in Jannah
But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, "Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time."
First trick of Satan
Based on Lies
“So he (Satan) misled them with deception.” (Quran 7:22)
Allah tested Adam so that he could learn and gain experience.
Allah prepared Adam for his role on earth
From this experience, Adam learned that Iblis was his enemy, the cause of his losing the blessing of living in Paradise, and the cause of his distress
Obedience to Allah and enmity towards Satan is the only path back to Heaven.
Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
Doors of repentance are always open
قَالا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين
They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us
and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers." [al-A’raaf: 23]
How is Allah the Most Merciful? أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين
Ayah 38 أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين
We said, "Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance - there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
Ayah 39 أَنْفُسَنَا وَإِنْ لَمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِين
And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs - those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally."
Adam did not have any experience with the whisperings and ploys of Satan.
He knew that Satan was his enemy but had no familiarity with how to resist Satan’s tricks and schemes.
That experience was essential for their life on earth
When Allah wanted to create Adam, He said to the angels: "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." He did not say: "I shall make a successive authority in Paradise."
Adam's descent on earth was not due to degradation but rather it was a dignified descent.