Judeo-Español. History pre-1492. Jews played a key role in public administration. The helped found and influence the economy. Jews “opened the windows of Andalucia” (Harris). Prominent in certain professions: Medecine, Law, Money Lending.
not exposed to as many varieties of Spanish as non-Jews were, developed a different linguistic inventory.
the need to describe technical aspects of religion (dietary laws, utensils, religious beliefs + theories) naturally lead to a Hebrew origin. Hebrew technical vocabulary.
The Ottoman Empire
Harris, Tracy. Death of a Language: The History of Judeo-Spanish. Univ. of Delaware Press, 1994.
Vozotros avlásh - habláis
El, eya kome
Vozotros komésh - coméis
Eyos, eyas komen
Avlí – é (í is used at the end)
Avlates - aste
Avlimos - amos
Avlatesh - asteis
1.NATIONALISM IN THE BALKANS:
18. NO POWERFUL MOVEMENTS TO CHAMPION THE CAUSE OF THE JUDEO – SPANISH LAMGUAGE OR ITS PRESERVATION EVEN ON THE PART OF THE SEPHARDIM THEMSELVES
Edwards (1985): “Languages themselves obviously obey no organic imperatives, but their speakers do. Languages do not live or die at all…Yet they clearly do have an ‘allotted life’ which is granted, not by the laws of nature, but by human society and culture. The fortunes of language are bound up with those of its users, and if languages decline or ‘die’ it is simply because the circumstances of their speakers have altered. The most common scenario here is that involving language contact and conflict: one language supplants another.”