Emotional Development. Module Objectives Chapter 9. Why do people have emotions? At what ages do children begin to experience and express different emotions? What is attachment? When do children begin to understand other people’s emotions?.
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Andriea was so excited to meet her 7-month-old nephew Colin. She rushed up to him while he was playing on the floor with his truck and swept him up in a big hug. After a brief, confused look, Colin burst into angry tears, as if to say “who are you? Put me down right now!
Think on your own…
Identify some of the emotions Colin may have felt. Also, what emotions could Andreia have felt?
Subjectively you might be angry, physiologically your heart might be beating faster and overtly you might be scowling
Facial expressions provide important clues about which emotion the child is experiencing…but they are only one component of emotion
INTEREST then discover your roommate took your umbrella.
JOYHow did you do?
Reflexive Smile in a Sleeping Newborn then discover your roommate took your umbrella.
Social Smile in an
These complex emotions usually develop between 18 months and 3 years
Twenty-three-month-old Stephanie watches as her older brother Erik and his friend Leo argue loudly with each other and begin to wrestle. Uncertain of what is happening, Stephanie glances at her mother. Her mother, though, wears a smile, knowing that Erik and Leo are just playing. On seeing her mother’s reaction, Stephanie smiles too, mimicking her mother’s facial expression.
Example of display rule: to understand why people feel as they do.Children in the US learn that they are supposed to express happiness or gratitude when they receive a gift from grandma, and by all means, to suppress any disappointment they may feel should the gift turn out to be pink fuzzy footed pajamas.
-Four-year-olds good at sad movements
-Five-year-olds good at sad, fear, and happy movements
-Eight-year-olds good at sad, fear, happy, and anger movements
It is believed that this relationship will influence the development of our future relationships
Attachmen between parent and childt is an enduring emotional connection
A close emotional bond that is “person-specific” and is enduring across time and space.
Infants show their attachment through proximity-seeking behaviors, meaning infants (and adults) like to be near those we are attached.
Actions such as approaching, following, and climbing into the lap demonstrate the need to be physically close. As well as contact-maintaining behaviors such as clinging, resisting being put down all are evidence of attachment.What is Attachment?
Who are you attached to?
List 5 people and reflect on why that relationship involves attachment
If they do get upset when left alone, they are as easily comforted by a stranger as by a parent.As if to say, “you left me again, I always have to take care of myself!”
20% of American infant have avoidant- attachment
The attachment of parents is a significant of expectations about parents’ availability and responsivenessfactor in the attachment styles of their children