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Different colours-the same meanings Hungarian folklore PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Different colours-the same meanings Hungarian folklore. Its main functions : Protect our body Decorate Emphasize social rank. Clothing at all. „ Dress code ”: written rules about where and what to wear depending on occassion and status since the 16th century

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Different colours-the same meanings Hungarian folklore

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Different colours the same meanings hungarian folklore

Differentcolours-thesamemeanings

Hungarianfolklore


Clothing at all

  • Its main functions:

  • Protectour body

  • Decorate

  • Emphasizesocialrank

Clothingatall


History

  • „Dresscode”: writtenrulesaboutwhere and whattoweardependingonoccassionand status sincethe 16th century

  • Duringthe 16the, the 17th and the 18th centurysimilaritiesondifferentlevels. Theselevels:

    • Villeins/peasantry

    • Craftsmen/civilians

    • Nobles/landowners

  • The 18th and 19th centurybrought more colours and a widerange of materials. Clothingbecame more „civilian”

  • The 20th centuryusedcheapbasicwithrichembroidering

  • History


    Traditional clothes

    • The earliestexpression of peaseantculture and art

    • Two main types of clothes:

      • Forweekdays

      • Forspecialoccassions (goingtochurch, wedding, funeral etc.)

  • Basicly made of handmadematerialslike

    • Linen

    • Woollencloth

    • Sheepskin, leather

  • Traditionalclothes


    Traditional clothes1

    • Smallerorbiggerregionshavecertainruleshow and whattoputon. Theyaredifferentinpatterns and coloursbutserveasidentification.

    Therearefour main regions and severalsubregionsinHungarianfolklore: Northern (felvidéki), Western (dunántúli), Eastern (alföldi) and Transylvanian

    Traditionalclothes


    Items of clothing

    • Made of linen:

      • Shirts (ing)

        • Culottes (gatya)

          • Trousers (nadrág)

            • Long shirts(pendely)

              • Skirts (szoknya)

                • Aprons (kötény)

    Items of clothing


    Items of clothing1

    • Made of woollencloth:

      • Coat (szűr)

        • Jerkin (zeke)

          • Frieze (daróc)

    Items of clothing


    Items of clothing2

    • Made of sheepskinand/orleather:

      • Kacagány (shortjacket)

        • Mellény (waistcoat)

          • Ködmön (shortjacket)

            • Suba (sheepskin)

              • Bunda (fur-coat)

    Items of clothing


    Items of clothing3

    • Hats, scarves, shawls, bonnets, head-dresses

    Items of clothing


    3 ways of dressing for women

    • 4-10 shortskirts +a shirt +abodice +ashawl

    • 1-2 longskirts + a closedshirt +a colourfulbodice

    • more civilianfeatures: Industrial made textiles, tailor-madeclothes, silver and/orgoldenlaces, ribbonsandvelvetbonnets

      • 1-2 longskirts + a shirt + ashortjacket

    3 ways of dressingforwomen


    Dressing for expressing

    • Traditionaldressing = a system of signs

      Ifyouknowthesigns, youcandecode almost everythingabouttheperson: where he/she is from, his/her status, age, job, rank, financialsituation, theoccassion he/shedressedfor.

      Forwomen’sclothesare more colourful, letusdecodesomecolours:

      Black – a woman of advancedage

      /Thiscolour has notbeenthesign of mourning, onlyinthelastfewdecades/

    Dressingforexpressing


    Dressing for expressing1

    • Purple, darkblue, green, brown:

      • A womanintheprime of her life

    • White, red, gold:

      • A womaninheryouth (upto 35-40 years)

    • HOWEVER,

      • A womanmournsforherbelovedonesinheryoungage, shecannotwearbrightcoloursanymore.

      • A woman has a youngerhusband,shecanweara bit brightercoloursthanherage.

    Dressingforexpressing


    Marital status family events

    • Unmarried, youngwomencouldwearseveralbeautifulhead-dresses.

    • A freshlymarriedyoungwoman had the most decorated bonnet.

    • A marriedwomanwithchildrencouldchangeher bonnet from 4 to 10 times, dependingonherchildren’s status.

    • A man’s hat wasdecorateddependingonhisage and status. A bridegroom’s hat was almost the most decorated, but a freshlyrecruited/servedthearmywasalsoverywelldecoratedonhis hat.

    Marital status, familyevents


    On the catwalk

    • The most beautifulbestclothes of winter/summerwereshownonthefirstdayofChristmas /Easter.

    • The most colourfulbestclothes of winter/summerwereshownontheseconddayofChristmas/Easter.

    „Onthecatwalk”


    Thanks for listening

    Thanksforlistening! 


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