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The Metric System

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The Metric System

- To convert from a larger to smaller metric unit you always multiply
- To convert from a smaller to larger unit you always divide
- The Latin prefixes used in the metric system literally mean the number they represent. Example: 1 kilo gram = 1000 grams A kilo is 1000 of something
- Just like a dozen is 12 of something

- For every step upward on the chart you are dividing by 10 or moving the decimal one place to the left.
- When you move down the stairs you are multiplying by 10 for each step. SO you are adding a zero to your original number and moving the decimal one place to the right with each step.

1.) 3 meters = ______ centimeters

2.) 40 liters = ______ dekaliters

3.) 600 milligrams = _______ grams

4.) 5 kilometers = __________ hectometers

5.) 70 centimeters = _________ meters

6.) 900 deciliters= _______ dekaliters