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The Metric System

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The Metric System. To convert from a larger to smaller metric unit you always multiply To convert from a smaller to larger unit you always divide

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To convert from a larger to smaller metric unit you always multiply
  • To convert from a smaller to larger unit you always divide
  • The Latin prefixes used in the metric system literally mean the number they represent.  Example: 1 kilo gram = 1000 grams A kilo is 1000 of something
  • Just like a dozen is 12 of something
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For every step upward on the chart you are dividing by 10 or moving the decimal one place to the left.
  • When you move down the stairs you are multiplying by 10 for each step. SO you are adding a zero to your original number and moving the decimal one place to the right with each step.
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1.)  3 meters = ______ centimeters

2.)  40 liters = ______ dekaliters

3.)  600 milligrams = _______ grams

4.)  5 kilometers = __________ hectometers

5.)  70 centimeters = _________ meters

6.)  900 deciliters= _______ dekaliters

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